2What Treaty ended World War I? Treaty of Versailles What was the Economy in after WWI and before WWII? A DepressionWhat was the “night of the broken glass” called in Germany? KristallnachtWhat type of government did the Soviet Union have after WWI until 1992?CommunismWhat was the leading political party in Germany by the middle 1930’s? NaziWho were the Black Shirts? Mussolini’s followers in ItalyWho were the Brown Shirts? Hitler’s followers in GermanyWhat is the name of Hitler’s “Master Race”? the AryansWhat year did WWII Start? 1939What year did WWII End? 1945
3Who was the Dictator of Italy during WWII? Benito Mussolini Who was the President of the United States for most of WWII? Franklin RooseveltWho was Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII? Winston ChurchillWho was the Dictator of the Soviet Union during WWII? Joseph StalinWho was the Dictator of Germany during WWII? Adolf HitlerWhat were the series of laws called that persecuted the Jews in Germany and took away many of their rights? The Nuremburg LawsWhat was German lightning or fast war called? BlitzkriegWhat 2 countries were first to declare war on Germany in WWII? Great Britain and FranceWhat country did Germany invade to begin WWII? PolandWhat are German Tanks during WWII called? Panzers
4What was the German Air Force called during WWII? Luftwaffe Jews in Poland were sent to walled in neighborhoods called what? GhettosWho were the Axis Powers during WWII? Germany, Italy, & JapanWho felt secure behind the Maginot line? The FrenchBritish troops were evacuated from what town when they were trapped by the Germans in Belgium? DunkirkWhat was the name of the Battle that Hitler bombed London for 2 months? Battle of Britain “London Blitz”What was it called when the U.S. sent goods and money to Great Britain before the U.S. was in WWII? The Lend Lease ActWhat was the SCORCHED EARTH policy instituted by Stalin in the U.S.S.R.? Burn everything as you retreat so the enemy can NOT use it!
5Where were enemies of the Nazis held? Concentration Camps What was the name of the Deputy Furer that flew from Germany to England to try to end WWII? Rudolph HessWhere were enemies of the Nazis held? Concentration CampsWho was the “Desert Fox”? Erwin RommelWhat British General fought the “Desert Fox” in North Africa? MontgomeryWho led the Afrika Corps for Germany? Erwin RommelWhat was the Plot that the Afrika Corps leader joined after Hitler refused to let troops retreat from Normandy called? July PlotWhat was bombed on December 7, 1941 by the Japanese? Pearl Harbor, HawaiiWhat was the FINAL SOLUTION? Kill all Jews in EuropeWhat conference or meeting was the “final solution” passed? WanaseeAt what conference was it decided that the Germans would have to surrender unconditionally? Casablanca
6What was Berlin declared on May 9, 1943, no more Jews? Juden Frei Who was “Duce” he was dismissed by King Victor Emmanuel II on July 25, 1943? Benito MussoliniWho refused to allow German troops to retreat from Normandy after D-Day? Adolf HitlerWhat rockets did Hitler try to use during WWII? V1 & V2Who was the leader of the French Liberation during WWII? Charles De GaulleWhat American became supreme allied commander in Europe? Dwight EisenhowerWhat was the day called on June 6, 1944 when allies landed at Normandy and started the liberation of France? D- DayWhat was Hitler’s last offensive of the war? Battle of the BulgeWhat were Japanese “Divine Wind” pilots called, they flew their planes into ships? KamikazeWhat was the battle that was the turning point of the War in the Pacific? Battle of the “Coral Sea”
7What conference called for the unconditional surrender of Japan? Yalta Who becomes the U.S. president after FDR dies? Harry TrumanWho was hung in a Milan public square [park] so people could really see he was dead? MussoliniHow did Hitler’s life end? Suicide in his bunker in BerlinWhat was the worst of the Nazi Death Camps? AuschwitzWhere in the Pacific did United States Marines raise a flag that is now commemorated by a statue? Iwo JimaWhat was the name of the MODEL Nazi Concentration Camp, the camp the world saw? Theresienstadt50 Nations joined what world organization toward the end of WWII? The United NationsWhat city in Germany did the Soviet Army reach and fly their flag over the Richstadt building? Berlin
8General Alfred Jodl signed the unconditional surrender papers for WHAT country? Germany On August 6, 1945 what city did the U.S. drop the first Atomic Bomb on? HiroshimaThree days later after the Japanese gave no response what city did the U.S. drop the second bomb on? NagasakiWhat country surrendered aboard the USS Missouri on September ? Japan [got to keep their emperor]What were the trials called that were held after WWII to try the Germans for WAR CRIMES against humanity? Nuremburg Tribunals [Trials]Make SURE you STUDY this review sheet!!! THERE WILL NOT BE A PRACTICE TEST!! You WILL NOT be able to use the review sheet on the test. The TEST is ONLINE!! There are 26 True/False questions and 34 multiple choice questions, a total of 60 questions.