2Vocabulary Dictator- a ruler who has complete power over a country Isolationist- country who wants to stay out of the affairs of other countriesP.O.W.- Prisoner of warNazi- claimed German nation represented most racially pure people. Jewish nation was greatest threat to German race.
3Start of WWII September 1, 1939, Germany invades Poland. Hitler (Germany) was trying to take back land they lost to Poland after WWI.France and Great Britain declare war on Germany on September 3, 1939.
4Pearl HarborAmerican naval base in Hawaii in which Japan launched a surprise attack onDecember 7, 1941More than 3,400 people died or suffered wounds in the attack.The attack brought the U.S. into World War II.
14Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) President of the U.S. during WWII.32nd President of the U.S.Only president to serve more than two terms in office.Elected to four terms, but passed away in the first year of fourth term.
1522nd Amendment (1951) Set the term limits for the President of U.S. Can serve no more than 2 terms and no more than 10 years total.
16Harry S. TrumanFDR’s vice-president who became president in April 1945 when FDR passed away.
17Texans in WWIIMore than 750,000 Texans served in war including 12,000 women.22,000 Texans died40 P.O.W. camps with more than 50,000 prisoners - more than any other state15 major military bases and 40 airfields.Naval flight-training base in Corpus Christi was the largest in the world.Texans at home rationed (cut back) items such as food, shoes, and gasoline to support American soldiers.
18Doris (Dorie) Miller First African American hero of WWII. Born in Waco, TXFirst African American hero of WWII.Sailor on the U.S.S. West Virginia at Pearl Harbor.Fired at the Japanese aircrafts as they attacked Pearl Harbor until his ship sunk.Was later killed in action.
19Oveta Culp Hobby Born in Killeen, TX Was the organizer and first commander of the Women’s Army Corps.Women’s Army Corps- Put women in positions to serve in the Army.
20Chester Nimitz Born in Fredericksburg, TX Commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet.In 1942, he led the Allies to victories in the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway.
21Audie Murphy Born in Farmersville, TX Most decorated soldier in WWII with 33 awards.Received every U.S. medal awarded for personal bravery.
22Dwight D. Eisenhower Born in Denison, TX Supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe.Under his command, the Allies successfully invaded France on D-day in June His forces defeated Germany.
23D-Day Turning point of war. Marked the beginning of the Allied invasion of western Europe.The Allies invaded German occupied France on June 6, 1944, along the beaches of Normandy, France.
32WWII OverEnded on September 2, 1945, with Japan signing surrender on the U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay.Over million soldiers killed.Between million people killed during WWII.
33Texas after WWIIMany Texans moved from rural areas to cities (urban) during the war to take industrial jobs.People from other countries and states and soldiers returning from the war also moved to cities in Texas.TX changed from a rural state to an urban society.The TX economy used to be dominated by farming and oil.TX started to change to large industries.