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Alma Linda C. Morales-Abubakar, Programme Development Officer, FAO Asia Regional IPM/Pesticide Risk Reduction Programme Workshop on FFS and Post-harvest.

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Presentation on theme: "Alma Linda C. Morales-Abubakar, Programme Development Officer, FAO Asia Regional IPM/Pesticide Risk Reduction Programme Workshop on FFS and Post-harvest."— Presentation transcript:

1 Alma Linda C. Morales-Abubakar, Programme Development Officer, FAO Asia Regional IPM/Pesticide Risk Reduction Programme Workshop on FFS and Post-harvest 29 November 2012, Myanmar Farmer Field Schools: Beyond Agriculture and Rural Development

2 2 World population Source: UN, % of worlds’ total and 70% of world’s agricultural population are in Asia Pacific region 55% of worlds’ total and 70% of world’s agricultural population are in Asia Pacific region

3 Small Farmers: Producers, Consumers, Managers and Citizens

4 Crackdown in Siem Reap WRITTEN BY VINCENT MACISAAC Asia Sentinel, Monday, 27 April 2009 THE RULE OF LAW GOES BY THE BOARD FOR CAMBODIA'S LAND SHARKS... The Siem Reap farmers are the victims of both land grabbing and state- sanctioned violence, human rights groups say. At the root of the incident is a five- year dispute that escalated last December when two community leaders and one journalist were arrested following a court complaint from two businessmen who the farmers allege illegally obtained and then resold titles to 92 hectares of land they had been farming since, in some cases, Farmers need to understand issues affecting their livelihood

5 Farmers need to be able to select technologies

6 The Green Revolution: de-skilling farmers BBC Akshay Mahajan

7 Farmers as Experts Ooi

8 Where did FFS come from? 1989: first FFS established in central Java as a response to a crisis situation of BPH outbreaks 1989: first FFS established in central Java as a response to a crisis situation of BPH outbreaks Since then, FFS have been carried out in other crops and various settings in many other countries in Asia, Africa, Near East and Latin America (currently 90 countries) Since then, FFS have been carried out in other crops and various settings in many other countries in Asia, Africa, Near East and Latin America (currently 90 countries)

9 Innovation in Farmer Field Schools These skills can be extended to: Sustainable crop intensification Sustainable crop intensification  Agro-biodiversity: genetic resource management resource management  Managing water, soils and fertility, crop nutrition, SRI crop nutrition, SRI  Conservation agriculture Fisheries and animal husbandry Fisheries and animal husbandry Health, nutrition, child care Health, nutrition, child care Climate Smart Agriculture Climate Smart Agriculture Post harvest Post harvest Farmer Life Schools Farmer Life Schools Farmer Water Schools Farmer Water Schools

10 Farmer Field Schools FFS are particularly suited for learning complex management skills, like natural resource management, diversifying production and accessing markets to increase rural incomes (Swanson and Rajalahti, 2010).

11 Broad objective of FFS Brings farmers together Brings farmers together For collective and collaborative inquiry For collective and collaborative inquiry To initiate community action in solving community problems To initiate community action in solving community problems The FFS is a process; it is not a goal

12 Specific objectives of FFS Empower farmers with knowledge and skills to make them experts in their own fields Empower farmers with knowledge and skills to make them experts in their own fields Sharpen farmers’ ability to make critical and informed decisions that render their farming profitable and sustainable Sharpen farmers’ ability to make critical and informed decisions that render their farming profitable and sustainable Sensitize farmers into new ways of thinking and problem solving Sensitize farmers into new ways of thinking and problem solving Help farmers learn how to organize themselves and their communities Help farmers learn how to organize themselves and their communities

13 Invests in tools/materials to be paid back by farmers contracts Issuance of contracts to farmers Purchase of produce FARMERS Enters into contracts with the Company Signs commitment to follow standards of organic production Participates in training courses PDA Organizes farmers into Farmers’ Groups Conducts training courses for farmers (inc. data collection for production planning, organic production, marketing, etc.) mapping each field as reference Works with farmers in mapping each field as reference for management and technical support Provides guidance on complying with production standards Keeps/distributes inputs THAI ORGANIC FOOD CO. Technical backstopping to farmers – inc. ICS Pays staff who collects produce and management fees Maintains production records Self-monitoring Harvesting timely Ensures security in the fields and processing area ACT THAILAND Carries out inspection to assure compliance with organic production standards Issues organic certification Enhancing Agricultural Competitiveness of Smallholder Farmers: Organic Chilli Production in Cambodia NIPM Conducts training courses for farmers (inc. data collection for production planning, organic production, marketing, group and financial management, etc.) documents Prepares materials and documents required organic production Technical backstopping to farmers – inc. ICS

14 Baseline surveys (inventory and flow of pesticides in the communities as well as health and environment related information) Training activities for local leaders, pesticide sellers, health workers and farmers Community action: Closure of pesticide shops that do not conform to local pesticide policies (e.g. selling banned pesticides) Community action: Posters on pesticide risk reduction have been developed and displayed in public places Community action: Cement tanks have been established by the local government for disposal of pesticide containers Developing core groups IPM FFS alumni who can coach other farmers in the community particularly on improved production practices and alternative pest management strategies Example: Pilot activity on producing potato seed tubers on rice straw using minimum tillage and reduce pesticides in potato seed production Community action: Development of local policies on pesticide management Community Education Programmes on Pesticide Risk Reduction

15 Factors for Success of FFS Programmes a strong scientific/technical entry point a strong scientific/technical entry point a learner-centered approach to educating a learner-centered approach to educating stakeholders stakeholders a common vision a common vision a “Champion” (or Champions) a “Champion” (or Champions) a supportive environment a supportive environment a coordination system and clear roles among a wide a coordination system and clear roles among a wide – and expanding – composition of stakeholders/ – and expanding – composition of stakeholders/ institutions institutions

16 Farmer Development Steps Dependent Farmer Group Farmer FFS Farmer Interdependent Farmer solves his problems wherever possible actively generates, adapts and extends innovations links well with other farmers learns to observe, analyze and decide experiments with new ideas learns from own experience exchanges views and experience participates in group activities follows instruction adopts technologies Research Innovations g.walter-echols

17 Facilitator Development Steps Extension Worker Non-formal Extensionist FFS Facilitator Farmers’ Group Facilitator follows-up field school graduates coordinates inter- group activities encourages farming community activities encourages group learning activities uses non-formal training techniques teaches farmers Training uses experiential learning methods facilitates farmer field experimentation and ecological analysis gives holistic education in production management g.walter-echols

18 Programme Development Steps Project-led FFS Alumni/Post FFS Autonomous FFS Networks community development activities inter-group activities and networking self-promoting movement (scaling-up phase ) self-financed, autonomous groups continuous, planned knowledge generation farming systems approach tools testing quality system Farmer-led Development Government Policies regular, continuing group meetings cropping approach water management exchanges among members g.walter-echols

19 India Bhutan Pakistan FFS Programmes in 90 countries FAO-IPM Asian Member Countries

20 For more information about the FAO Asia Regional IPM/PRR Programme Website:

21 Farmer Field School: Empowering farmers and communities through knowledge Concrete Experience Observation and Reflection Generalisation & Abstract Conceptualisation ActiveExperimentation

22 “Before IPM field schools we planted our rice and prayed that we might have a good harvest. Now we know that we can actually control many of the factors which influence our harvests.” IPM farmer from Thai Binh province, Viet Nam

23 TestimonyTestimony of an IPM Farmer KASAKALIKASAN The Philippine National IPM Programme

24 For more information about the FAO Asia Regional IPM/PRR Programme Website:

25 results/en/?divisionID=61&categoryID=308&subject=ruralinf

26 results/en/?divisionID=61&categoryID=308&subject=ruralinf

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