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There Have Always Been Questions, Issues, & Problems Among Brethren Is circumcision essential to salvation (Acts 15)? Is circumcision essential to salvation.

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Presentation on theme: "There Have Always Been Questions, Issues, & Problems Among Brethren Is circumcision essential to salvation (Acts 15)? Is circumcision essential to salvation."— Presentation transcript:

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2 There Have Always Been Questions, Issues, & Problems Among Brethren Is circumcision essential to salvation (Acts 15)? Is circumcision essential to salvation (Acts 15)? From among “yourselves” – perverse things (Acts 20:30) From among “yourselves” – perverse things (Acts 20:30) Doctrine of no resurrection (1 Cor. 15:12) Doctrine of no resurrection (1 Cor. 15:12) Colossian Heresy (Col. 2) Colossian Heresy (Col. 2) Some will depart giving heed to error (1 Tim. 4:1-3) Some will depart giving heed to error (1 Tim. 4:1-3) Doctrine that 2 nd Coming is imminent (1 Thess) Doctrine that 2 nd Coming is imminent (1 Thess) Judaism (Hebrews, etc.) Judaism (Hebrews, etc.)

3 Roy E. Cogdill 1930’s & 1940’s During / shortly after the “Premillennialism” controversy Many churches (rejected the false doctrine) Also didn’t tolerate the preaching against it Not one of them stood – 50’s /60’s

4 During The Restoration Movement Pointing men back to the Bible: “Where the Bible speaks, we speak; where it is silent, we are silent.” Pointing men back to the Bible: “Where the Bible speaks, we speak; where it is silent, we are silent.” Called for men to lay aside opinions and unite upon the Scriptures Called for men to lay aside opinions and unite upon the Scriptures Soon two major mindsets developed: Soon two major mindsets developed: 1.Church can do only what is positively authorized 2.Church can do anything not specifically forbidden Division was inevitable! Division was inevitable!

5 Churches of Christ Divided In mid 1800s  Issues: Missionary Society (1849) Missionary Society (1849) Instrumental Music (1859) Instrumental Music (1859)  Result: Formation of Christian Church (1900) Formation of Christian Church (1900) Later: Disciples of Christ (liberal) Later: Disciples of Christ (liberal)

6 Churches of Christ Divided In mid 1900s  Issues: Sponsoring Church (Hearld of Truth) Sponsoring Church (Hearld of Truth) Orphan Homes Orphan Homes Colleges in Church Budget Colleges in Church Budget Social Gospel (Recreation) Social Gospel (Recreation)  Result: Split among churches Split among churches Institutional churches of Christ Institutional churches of Christ

7 Divisions Within The Church of Christ 1.Missionary Society (1849) 2.Instrumental Music (1859) 3.Colleges in Church Budget (1938) 4.Orphan Homes (1950’s) 5.Sponsoring Church (1950’s) 6.Social Gospel (1960’s) History is a vast early warning system. ~Norman Cousins

8 Divisions Within The Church of Christ Orphan Homes

9 Most noted of all the differencesMost noted of all the differences Carried the most emotionCarried the most emotion Most misunderstood of the issuesMost misunderstood of the issues

10 I.History Behind It Orphan Homes

11 I.History Behind It A. Orphan homes started long before real division 1.Tennessee Orphan Home (Spring Hill, TN) – Potter Orphan Home (Bowling Green, KY) – Boles Home (Quinlan, TX) – Tipton Home (Tipton, OK)

12 I.History Behind It A. Orphan homes started long before real division B. Opposition 30’s – 40’s 1.Like other innovations – slow to catch on 2.Sound brethren fought it as did in 1849-ff 3.Guy N. Woods – Opposed it

13 "The ship of Zion has floundered more than once on the sandbar of institutionalism. The tendency to organize is a characteristic of the age. On the theory that the end justifies the means, brethren have now scrupled to form organizations in the church to do the work the church itself was designed to do. All such organizations usurp the work of the church, and are unnecessary and sinful" (Abilene Christian College Lectures, 1939) Guy N. Woods

14 "There is no place for charitable organizations in the work of the New Testament church. It is the only charitable organization that the Lord authorizes, or that is needed to do the work the Lord expects his people to do" ( The Annual Lesson Commentary for December 15, 1946) Guy N. Woods

15 I.History Behind It A. Orphan homes started long before real division B. Opposition 30’s – 40’s C. Hardeman shifted the issue in 1947

16 N. B. Hardeman “The right to contribute to one is the right to contribute to the other…The same principle that permits one permits the other. They must stand or fall together.” (Gospel Advocate, 1947, p. 844) College Supported by Church Orphan Home Supported by Church Shifted to

17 I.History Behind It A. Orphan homes started long before real division B. Opposition 30’s – 40’s C. Hardeman shifted the issue in 1947 D. Debates : Holt-Totty Debate (Indianapolis, IN) : Harper-Tant Debate (Lufkin, TX) – April & November : Porter-Woods Debate (Indianapolis, IN) : Porter-Woods Debate (Paragould, AR) :Cogdill-Woods Debate (Birmingham, AL) : Porter-Deaver Debate (Dumas,TX) : Wallace-Holt Debate (Florence, AL) : Grider-Woods Debate (Louisville, KY) : Sutton-Woods Debate (Peoria, IL)

18 I.History Behind It A. Orphan homes started long before real division B. Opposition 30’s – 40’s C. Hardeman shifted the issue in 1947 D. Debates E. Journals published on both sides

19 Journals – Favored Orphan Homes Gospel Advocate Firm Foundation 20th Century Christian Christian Chronicle B. C. Goodpasture Gospel Advocate Reuel Lemmons Firm Foundation

20 Two Different Types of Orphan Homes Under Elderships Maude Carpenter (Wichita, KS) Tipton Orphan Home (Tipton, OK) Sunny Glenn (San Benito, TX) Lubbock Childrens Home (Lubbock, TX ) Under Elderships Maude Carpenter (Wichita, KS) Tipton Orphan Home (Tipton, OK) Sunny Glenn (San Benito, TX) Lubbock Childrens Home (Lubbock, TX ) Under Board Tennessee Orphan Home (Spring Hill, TN) Boles Home (Quinlan, TX) Potter Orphan Home (Bowling Green, KY) Child-Haven (Cullman, AL) Under Board Tennessee Orphan Home (Spring Hill, TN) Boles Home (Quinlan, TX) Potter Orphan Home (Bowling Green, KY) Child-Haven (Cullman, AL)

21 Journals – Opposed Orphan Homes Gospel Guardian Truth Magazine Searching the Scriptures Preceptor Yater Tant Gospel Guardian Roy E. Cogdill Gospel Guardian H. E. Phillips Searching the Scriptures Cecil Willis Truth Magazine

22 I.History Behind It A. Orphan homes started long before real division B. Opposition 30’s – 40’s C. Hardeman shifted the issue in 1947 D. Debates E. Journals published on both sides F. Churches divided Historians estimate 80/20 split 2.Usually small group pull off and start a new work 3.Exceptions: Louisville, Athens, Tampa

23 I.History Behind It A. Orphan homes started long before real division B. Opposition 30’s – 40’s C. Hardeman shifted the issue in 1947 D. Debates E. Journals published on both sides F. Churches divided G. Things got ugly & bitter

24 Things Got Ugly & Bitter Yellow Tag Of Quarantine – B.C. Goodpasture, Gospel Advocate 1954Yellow Tag Of Quarantine – B.C. Goodpasture, Gospel Advocate 1954 Robert Jackson – knife pulled on him (Taylor Blvd)Robert Jackson – knife pulled on him (Taylor Blvd) Rufus Clifford – spat uponRufus Clifford – spat upon Ads: “No Anti need apply”Ads: “No Anti need apply” Charges: “Orphan haters” / “Let orphan starve…”Charges: “Orphan haters” / “Let orphan starve…” Some “locked out” of buildings where were membersSome “locked out” of buildings where were members

25 So… Who really left what? “The mainstream churches of Christ, time and again, characterized those who opposed institutionalism as unfaithful to the heritage. The truth is that the dissenters stood squarely in one set of the footprints in the 19 th century churches of Christ. And by the time the battle over institutions was complete, it was the mainstream, not the dissenters, that had removed itself almost entirely from its 19 th century roots.” Reviving the Ancient Faith Richard Hughes, Pepperdine University

26 I.History Behind It Orphan Homes II.The Issue

27 Is Not: 1.Should the needy be cared for? 2.Is the church obligated? 3.A matter of how (modes, means, methods) 4.Systematic arrangement 5.A matter of a “place” being maintained Is: 1.Can churches build and maintain benevolent organizations through which to do their work? 2.A matter of a separate organization doing the work of the church

28 I.History Behind It Orphan Homes II.The Issue III.Problems With Support of Orphan Homes

29 A. No Authority

30 Command / Statement Approved Example Necessary Inference Acts 15 VV – James appealed to direct statement from Amos 9 V. 12 – Paul & Barnabas appealed to example of their work & miracles VV – Peter appealed to events at Cornelius’ house – infers… How Authority Is Established

31 Command / Statement Approved Example Necessary Inference Church Support of Orphan Homes None None None

32 III.Problems With Support of Orphan Homes A. No Authority B. Parallel to the Missionary Society

33 Missionary Society Missionary Society Local Church Local Church Local Church Local Church $ $ $ $ Support Preachers A Separate Organization Between The Church And The Work A Separate Organization Between The Church And The Work The Missionary Society

34 Benevolent Society “Orphan Home” Benevolent Society “Orphan Home” Local Church Local Church Local Church Local Church $ $ $ $ Care of Needy A Separate Organization Between The Church And The Work A Separate Organization Between The Church And The Work The Benevolent Society

35 III.Problems With Support of Orphan Homes A. No Authority B. Parallel to the Missionary Society C. Church Can do its Own Work

36 Acts 6:1-6 Widow – neglected in ministration (v. 1) Congregation selected 7 men (v. 3) Apostles appointed them (v. 3) The 7 men were over the business of caring for the widows (v. 3)FACTS: Set up a separate organization between church & caring for the needy Didn’t Do: Happened: Local church taking care of its own needy

37 1 Timothy 5:16 Relieve

38 I.History Behind It Orphan Homes II.The Issue III.Problems With Support of Orphan Homes IV.Limited Benevolence

39  A Secondary Issue: Could the church (out of its treasury) help those who are non-Christians?  Was not the dividing issue – but an issue

40 Saints Non-Saints Acts 2:44-45 Acts 4:32-35 Acts 6:1-7 Acts 11:27-30 Rom. 15: Cor. 16:1-3 2 Cor. 8:1-4 2 Cor. 9: Tim. 5:16 ?????????

41 I.History Behind It Orphan Homes II.The Issue III.Problems With Support of Orphan Homes IV.Limited Benevolence V.Arguments Made to Justify

42 Shifted to Benev. Soc. V.Arguments Made to Justify A. “Jas. 1:27 says to visit the fatherless” 1.Passage addresses individual – not church Context: “anyone” v. 23; “he” vv. 24,25Context: “anyone” v. 23; “he” vv. 24,25 V. 27 – “oneself”V. 27 – “oneself” 2.If is church – no organization between church and the orphans 3.Notice the shifting taking place Shifted to

43 V.Arguments Made to Justify A. “Jas. 1:27 says to visit the fatherless” B. “Gal. 6:10 says to good to all men” 1.Passage addresses individual – not church

44 1 Brethren, if a man is overtaken in any trespass, you who are spiritual restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness, considering yourself lest you also be tempted. 2 Bear one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. 3 For if anyone thinks himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceives himself. 4 But let each one examine his own work, and then he will have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another. 5 For each one shall bear his own load. 6 Let him who is taught the word share in all good things with him who teaches. 7 Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap. 8 For he who sows to his flesh will of the flesh reap corruption, but he who sows to the Spirit will of the Spirit reap everlasting life. 9 And let us not grow weary while doing good, for in due season we shall reap if we do not lose heart. 10 Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do good to all, especially to those who are of the household of faith.

45 11 See with what large letters I have written to you with my own hand! 12 As many as desire to make a good showing in the flesh, these would compel you to be circumcised, only that they may not suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.

46 V.Arguments Made to Justify A. “Jas. 1:27 says to visit the fatherless” B. “Gal. 6:10 says to good to all men” 1.Passage addresses individual – not church 2.If is church – no organization between church and the orphans

47 V.Arguments Made to Justify A. “Jas. 1:27 says to visit the fatherless” B. “Gal. 6:10 says to good to all men” C. “Luke 10 – Samaritan gave to organization” 1.Passage addresses individual – not church 2.Merely bought a service (v. 35) 3.Not: Benevolent Organization $ Buy service Innkeeper

48 There Is A Difference Radio Station Newspaper Internet Host TV Station Sign Company Hospital Publishing Co. Radio Station Newspaper Internet Host TV Station Sign Company Hospital Publishing Co. Buying A Service Contribution Radio Station Newspaper Internet Host TV Station Sign Company Hospital Publishing Co. Radio Station Newspaper Internet Host TV Station Sign Company Hospital Publishing Co.

49 V.Arguments Made to Justify A. “Jas. 1:27 says to visit the fatherless” B. “Gal. 6:10 says to good to all men” C. “Luke 10 – Samaritan gave to organization” D. “Church can do what individual can do”

50 IndividualChurch “If any believing man or woman has widows, let them relieve them…” (1 Tim. 5:16) “...and do not let the church be burdened, that it may relieve those who are really widows” (1 Tim. 5:16) A Difference

51 IndividualChurch Get Money Buy & Sell (Jas. 4:13) Get Money Freewill Contribution (1 Cor. 16:1-2)

52 I.History Behind It Orphan Homes II.The Issue III.Problems With Support of Orphan Homes IV.Limited Benevolence V.Arguments Made to Justify

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