Presentation on theme: "Class 3 – Sections 77, 86, 91, 113 Joseph Smith’s Translation of the Bible."— Presentation transcript:
Class 3 – Sections 77, 86, 91, 113 Joseph Smith’s Translation of the Bible
Translation of the Bible Begun in June 1830 Much done in in Hiram, Ohio Never completed
OT1Fall 1830?Copy of OT2? OT26/30-4/31Moses, Gen. 1:1-24:42 OT32/33-7/33The rest of the OT NT13/31-6/31Matt 1:1-26:71 NT29/31-2/33The rest of the NT
Translation of the Bible Revisions of the manuscripts continued through Some verses were revised two or three times.
Translation of the Bible Parts were published in church periodicals: The Book of Moses Matthew 24 Joseph Smith’s Bible remained with Emma Smith
What version of the Bible do we accept?
King James Version Joseph Smith Translation as a reference – but not as our scripture.
Why haven’t we adopted the JST? To share a common Bible with other Christians. The JST was never completed. The RLDS Church (now the Community of Christ) had the copyright.
Is it OK to use other versions of the Bible?
Yes, for personal study. It’s better to avoid other versions for talks and classes.
What were the original languages of the Bible?
Old Testament: Hebrew except Daniel: Aramaic New Testament: Greek
How did Joseph Smith translate the Bible?
Sometimes a scribe would write out lengthy changes. Often, the manuscript contained only a few words or a phrase. The Bible was marked with dots where changes were made. Passages were recorded sequentially, but the translation wasn’t always sequential.
What are we understand by the term “translation”? Joseph Smith did not translate from Hebrew and Greek He did not restore the Bible to the “original texts” as far as we can tell. We should think of it as an “inspired revision.”
Quiz – Section 77 1.What will the earth be like when it’s sanctified? 2. Are the beasts in Revelation real beasts? 3. Are the beasts in Daniel real beasts? 4. Are we to understand that the earth’s temporal existence is limited to 7000 years?
Quiz – Section What is the meaning of “Elias”? 6. Who are the “two witnesses”?
Quiz – Section 77 1.What will the earth be like when it’s sanctified? A. A sea of glass, a Urim and Thummim. “You can look in the earth and see all the eternities of God.” -- Brigham Young
Quiz – Section Are the beasts in Revelation real beasts? A. Yes – (zoon are real vs. therion wild things)
Quiz – Section Are the beasts in Daniel real beasts? A. No, the Old Testament beasts are images – symbolic forms (Joseph Smith).
Quiz – Section Are we to understand that the earth’s temporal existence is limited to 7000 years? A. No, we needn’t consider years to be literal. Adam is traditionally placed at 4000 BC, however…
Quiz – Section What is the meaning of “Elias”? A.- Literally, it is the Greek form of Elijah. - It is a prophet from the time of Abraham. - It is used to mean a forerunner.
Quiz – Section Who are the “two witnesses”? A.Two prophets who will preach in Jerusalem just prior to the second coming. They will fend off the Gentiles for 3 ½ years, be killed and be resurrected.
Do I need to remember all this? A few pieces only… check the Review!
Quiz – Section Why did Jesus teach in Parables? 2. Who are the sowers? 3. When will the angels of destruction be sent to reap for the final time?
Quiz – Section Why did Jesus teach in Parables? A. To hide the meaning from the unbelievers.
Quiz – Section Who are the sowers? A. The Apostles.
Quiz – Section When will the angels of destruction be sent to reap for the final time? A. They left over 100 years ago. (Wilford Woodruff)
Quiz – Section 91 1.What does “apocrypha” mean? 2.What are the apocrypha? 3.How do we view the apocrypha?
Quiz – Section 91 1.What does “apocrypha” mean? A. Literally, it means “hidden things.”
Quiz – Section 91 1.What are the apocrypha? A.Books of a sacred nature that are accepted by some Christians but not others. Their origins are questionable – probably later.
Quiz – Section How do we view the apocrypha? A.They can be of value if read with the Spirit to discern truth from error.
Quiz – Section What does “stem” of Jesse mean? 2.Who is the stem of Jesse? 3.Who is the rod of Jesse? 4.Who is the root of Jesse? 5.Who is the root of David?
1.What does “stem” of Jesse mean? The stock or trunk of Jesse. Jesse was the father of David.
2. Who is the stem of Jesse? Jesus Christ. He is also the branch of Jesse.
3. Who is the rod of Jesse? A servant – probably Joseph Smith
4. Who is the root of Jesse? A servant – maybe Joseph Smith (Elder McConkie)
5. Who is the root of David? Christ
For behold, I shall speak unto the Jews and they shall write it; and I shall also speak unto the Nephites and they shall write it; and I shall also speak unto the other tribes of the house of Israel, which I have led away, and they shall write it; and I shall also speak unto all nations of the earth and they shall write it. And it shall come to pass that the Jews shall have the words of the Nephites, and the Nephites shall have the words of the Jews; and the Nephites and the Jews shall have the words of the lost tribes of Israel; and the lost tribes of Israel shall have the words of the Nephites and the Jews. 2 Ne 29:12-13