Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Hindu beliefs  Hinduism is best seen as a tradition- today a Hindu can be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, agnostic or atheistic and still claim.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Hindu beliefs  Hinduism is best seen as a tradition- today a Hindu can be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, agnostic or atheistic and still claim."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hindu beliefs  Hinduism is best seen as a tradition- today a Hindu can be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, agnostic or atheistic and still claim to be a Hindu.  However, there are certain central concepts-reincarnation, merging with “Brahman" ultimate reality) and Moksha (the escape from the cycle of reincarnation.

2 Non-Dualism  Brahman is One & Eternal= no before or after, for everything is everywhere always.  Brahman is intrinsically dynamic= unformed, immortal, moving.  All things are mutually related –all of part of basic oneness.

3 Devas= Aspects  Shiva, the Cosmic Dancer, is the most perfect personification-through dance everything is sustained.

4 “That art thou”  Human nature is not just space/time body (samara) nor individual consciousness of mind (jiva)- in each of us is an immortal element, our true self, the Atman.  Brahman and Atman are the same-”Into Him I shall enter.”

5 Maya and Avidya  Maya is the human tendency to regard appearance as reality; that multiplicity is real; that Samsara is real.  Avidya= ignorance of the true nature of reality.  Nirvana (Moska)= experiential realization of oneness.

6 Cycle-Life and Rebirth  Samsara= world of relentless mutability= is illusion.  Reincarnation=all living things are besouled, become incarnate in different bodies; depends on kind of life lived previously = Karma.

7 Existence of Samsara  Why does samsara exist? – Upanishads=“lila” or “sport”- an expression of Brahman’s constitutive delight (“anada).  Will need to solve the problem of one and many and the relationship of Brahman to the world of multiplicity.

8 Problem of Karma  Is Karma false to the facts?- ”the wicked often prosper at the expense of the good.”  Yet- reincarnation- we will inevitably reap what we sow.  Is this satisfactory?

9 Sankara (788-820A.D.)  Advaita (nondualistic) relation of Brahman and a self.  What is an individual self is in fact not essentially different from the one Self (Atman)-as space in individual jug not different from space as a whole.

10 Sankara (788-820A.D.)  Comprehend the world at two levels or from two points of view: lower knowledge and higher knowledge.  Sublatable things- (1)object of awareness of some subject; (2) distinguishability; (3) subject to time and change.


Download ppt "Hindu beliefs  Hinduism is best seen as a tradition- today a Hindu can be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, agnostic or atheistic and still claim."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google