Presentation on theme: "Hindu beliefs Hinduism is best seen as a tradition- today a Hindu can be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, agnostic or atheistic and still claim."— Presentation transcript:
1 Hindu beliefsHinduism is best seen as a tradition- today a Hindu can be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, agnostic or atheistic and still claim to be a Hindu.However, there are certain central concepts-reincarnation, merging with “Brahman" ultimate reality) and Moksha (the escape from the cycle of reincarnation.
2 Non-DualismBrahman is One & Eternal= no before or after, for everything is everywhere always.Brahman is intrinsically dynamic= unformed, immortal, moving.All things are mutually related –all of part of basic oneness.
3 Devas= AspectsShiva, the Cosmic Dancer, is the most perfect personification-through dance everything is sustained.
4 “That art thou”Human nature is not just space/time body (samara) nor individual consciousness of mind (jiva)- in each of us is an immortal element, our true self, the Atman.Brahman and Atman are the same-”Into Him I shall enter.”
5 Maya and AvidyaMaya is the human tendency to regard appearance as reality; that multiplicity is real; that Samsara is real.Avidya= ignorance of the true nature of reality.Nirvana (Moska)= experiential realization of oneness.
6 Cycle-Life and Rebirth Samsara= world of relentless mutability= is illusion.Reincarnation=all living things are besouled, become incarnate in different bodies; depends on kind of life lived previously = Karma.
7 Existence of SamsaraWhy does samsara exist? –Upanishads=“lila” or “sport”- an expression of Brahman’s constitutive delight (“anada).Will need to solve the problem of one and many and the relationship of Brahman to the world of multiplicity.
8 Problem of KarmaIs Karma false to the facts?-”the wicked often prosper at the expense of the good.”Yet- reincarnation- we will inevitably reap what we sow.Is this satisfactory?
9 Sankara ( A.D.)Advaita (nondualistic) relation of Brahman and a self.What is an individual self is in fact not essentially different from the one Self (Atman)-as space in individual jug not different from space as a whole.
10 Sankara ( A.D.)Comprehend the world at two levels or from two points of view: lower knowledge and higher knowledge.Sublatable things- (1)object of awareness of some subject; (2) distinguishability; (3) subject to time and change.