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Learning a Foreign Language Lead-in Activities Pre-reading Questions Text-structure Analysis Vocabulary Enrichment Translation Work Section A Writing.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning a Foreign Language Lead-in Activities Pre-reading Questions Text-structure Analysis Vocabulary Enrichment Translation Work Section A Writing."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Learning a Foreign Language

4 Lead-in Activities Pre-reading Questions Text-structure Analysis Vocabulary Enrichment Translation Work Section A Writing

5 Lead-in Activities

6 Kind Strict Righteous Wise

7 Purchase Send Send Communicate with others Communicate with others Search information needed Search information needed Do business Do business Learning Learning What can we do on internet?

8 Lead-in Activities--- Lead-in Activities--- Watch and Discuss 1. What new light does the video throw on our English study? 2. Are there any ways can we adopt to English study?

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10 Pre-reading Questions

11 What made the author’s English learning in junior middle school very successful? What made the author’s English learning in junior middle school very successful? In what way is the author’s experience with English in junior middle school similar to his experience in college? In what way are they different from each other? In what way is the author’s experience with English in junior middle school similar to his experience in college? In what way are they different from each other? Judging from the sixth paragraph, what is basic to online English learning? Judging from the sixth paragraph, what is basic to online English learning? Why wouldn’t the author trade his experience in learning a foreign language for anything else? Why wouldn’t the author trade his experience in learning a foreign language for anything else? According to the last paragraph, what interests the author most about English? According to the last paragraph, what interests the author most about English? Pre-reading Questions

12 1.What made the author’s English learning in junior middle school very successful? The kind and patient teacher and her positive method of praising all students often. Back Answer the following questions.

13 2. In what way is the author’s experience with English in junior middle school similar to his experience in college? In what way are they different from each other? In college and junior middle school, his English teachers were both patient and kind, but he didn’t have as many chances to answer questions in college as he did in junior middle school. Back

14 3. Judging from the sixth paragraph, what is basic to online English learning? It requires much time, commitment and discipline to keep up with the flow of the course. Back

15 4. Why wouldn’t the author trade his experience in learning a foreign language for anything else? Learning a foreign language taught him the value of hard work and gave him insights into another culture. 5. According to the last paragraph, what interests the author most about English? He could communicate with many more people than before. Back

16 Vocabulary Enrichment

17 Virtual: a. almost what is stated; made-up Vocabulary Enrichment Now you try 由于因特网的使用,许多虚拟 社区建立起来。 With the use of the Internet, many virtual communities are set up.

18 Access: n. way of entering; right of using, reaching, or entering Vocabulary Enrichment Now you try The only access to that building was guarded by the soldiers. 通向那栋楼房得唯一通道由 士兵把手着。 通向那栋楼房得唯一通道由 士兵把手着。

19 commitment: n. A promise to follow certain beliefs or certain course of actions Vocabulary Enrichment For Example purchase commitments 购买佣金 loan commitment 贷款承诺 multilateral trade commitments 商品贸易的 多边承诺 purchase commitments 购买佣金 loan commitment 贷款承诺 multilateral trade commitments 商品贸易的 多边承诺

20 Example 他觉得自己没必要对玛丽作出这样的承诺。 He felt he didn’t have to make such a commitment to Mary. He doesn't want to get married because he is afraid of any commitments. 他不想结婚, 因为他害怕承担任何责任。 Vocabulary Enrichment

21 discipline: n. The practice of making people obey rules; the quality of behaving in a controlled way Vocabulary Enrichment For Example 大学生必须学会自律。 Students must learn to discipline themselves.

22 在敌人的炮火下,那些士 兵显示了良好的纪律。 The soldiers showed perfect discipline under the fire of the enemy. Vocabulary Enrichment Example

23 minimum: a. The least, or the smallest possibl Vocabulary Enrichment For Example minimum of subsistence 最低生活费 minimum value 最小值 minimum wage 最低工资 minimum of subsistence 最低生活费 minimum value 最小值 minimum wage 最低工资

24 Example 他们想花费最少的时间和钱。 They want to spend a minimum of both time and money. They want to spend a minimum of both time and money. The minimum pass mark in the examination is 60 out of 100. The minimum pass mark in the examination is 60 out of 100. Vocabulary Enrichment 考试的最低及格分数是 100 分中答对 60 分。

25 continually: adv. 不断地,频繁地 Vocabulary Enrichment 词 语 辨 析词 语 辨 析 continual, continuous, constant, incessant, perpetual

26 Vocabulary Enrichment continual 指 “ 一段时间内多次发生 ” 、 “ 时断时续 ” 或 “ 中断时间很短而又接连发生 ” , 如: Continual practice is necessary to Continuous 指 “ 连续不断的 ” , 如: a continuous voyage 连接不 断的航行。 Constant 指 “ 始终如一的 ” 、 “ 不变的 ” 、 “ 持续 地发生 ” 或 “ 反复地发生 ” , 如: the constant beat of heart 有 规律的心跳。 Incessant 指 “ 不停的 ” 、 “ 持续不断的 ” , 如: the incessant rain 细雨绵。

27 benefits: n. profit; good effect (pl) 救济 金 Vocabulary Enrichment For Example be of benefit to the people 对人民有好 处 disability benefits 残废抚恤金 a benefit match 义赛 for the benefit of 为了... 的好处 be of benefit to the people 对人民有好 处 disability benefits 残废抚恤金 a benefit match 义赛 for the benefit of 为了... 的好处

28 Vocabulary Enrichment 构 词 词缀 : benefits -----bene---- 好, 善 benediction n. 祝福 benefaction n. 恩惠, 善行, benefactor n. 恩人, 捐助 者,赞助人 beneficial adj. 有益的, 受益的 词缀 : benefits -----bene---- 好, 善 benediction n. 祝福 benefaction n. 恩惠, 善行, benefactor n. 恩人, 捐助 者,赞助人 beneficial adj. 有益的, 受益的

29 据说瑜咖功对人体健康有极大好处。 It is said Yoga is of great benefit to human health. It is said Yoga is of great benefit to human health. Vocabulary Enrichment Example

30 Keep up with: couldn’t catch Vocabulary Enrichment For Example keep up with the Joneses 赶时髦 ; 与他人攀比 keep up with the Joneses 赶时髦 ; 与他人攀比

31 Example 别跑了,我赶不上你了。 Don't run — I can't keep up with you. 工资跟得上通货膨胀吗? Are wages keeping up with inflation? Vocabulary Enrichment

32 Reap the benefits: Vt. Get sth. As a reward; cut and gather (a crop or grain) 因 …. 得到好处 Vocabulary Enrichment For Example reaping a field 收割地里的庄稼 reap as [what] one has sown 种瓜得瓜 ; 种豆 得豆 ; 自食其果 (=As a man sows so he shall reap) reap where one has not sown 不劳而获 reaping a field 收割地里的庄稼 reap as [what] one has sown 种瓜得瓜 ; 种豆 得豆 ; 自食其果 (=As a man sows so he shall reap) reap where one has not sown 不劳而获

33 她从她那奇特的发明中获得了大量的利益。 She reaped large profits from her unique invention. Vocabulary Enrichment Example

34 Structure Analysis

35 1. not only ….but also Not only did I lose my joy in answering questions, but also I totally lost my desire to say anything at all in English. “not only” or “only” placed at the beginning of a sentence, the sentence order should by inverted ( 倒装 ). “not only” or “only” placed at the beginning of a sentence, the sentence order should by inverted ( 倒装 ). Structure Analysis Notice

36 Not only______________________, but we also had a wonderful time. 我们不仅看了电影,而且玩得很愉快。 did we enjoy the film can you hope to finish the work Now You Try Only in this way _______________________at the end of this month. 只有用这种方法你才有望在月底之前 完成这项工作。

37 1. now that: “ 既然 ” , “ 由于 ” Now that I speak a foreign language, instead of staring into space when English is being spoken, I can participate and make friends. Now that 引导原因状语从句,用于解 释新出现的情况。从句常常出现在句首 有时 that 可以省略。 Structure Analysis Notice

38 Now you mention it, I do remember the thing. ___________________________, you can travel. 你既然回复了健康,就能够旅行了。 Now that you ’ re well again Now that you are here Now You Try __________________________, why not have a drink? 既然你在这了,喝一杯怎么样? 既然你提到了这件事,我确实想起来了。

39 Translation Work

40  尽管我们的环境还远不尽人意,我们并 没有失去使其改善的意愿。 Although our environment is still far from perfect, we haven’t lost the desire to change it for the better. Though we are not satisfied with our environment, we haven’t lost the will to improve it. 活学活用 Translation Work

41  网上聊天使我能尝到学英语的甜头。 Online chatting made it possible for me to reap the benefits of English learning. I benefit a lot of English knowledge from online chatting. 活学活用 Translation Work

42  在那场灾难中在那场灾难中给我们印象最深 的是他们随时准备用自己的生命换得大众健康 的精神。给我们印象最深的是他们随时准备用 自己的生命换得大众健康的精神。 What impressed us most in that disaster was their readiness to give their lives for the public health. It gives me a deep impression that they are ready to exchange their lives for the public health in the disaster. 活学活用 Translation Work

43 Writing

44 We can identify the relationship between paragraphs as cause & effect. The topic of the paragraph My learning experience in senior middle school is different from before. The Cause While my former teacher had been patient with all students, my new teacher quickly punished those who gave incorrect answers. Whenever we answered incorrectly, she pointed a long stick at us. The Effect It didn’t take me long to lose my eagerness to answer questions. Not only did I lose my joy in answering questions, but also…..

45 Now have a look at Paragraph 2 ? How the general statement is supported by the means of cause and effect.

46 The topic: My learning experience in junior middle school. The cause: I had a kind and patient teacher who often praised all of the students. The effect: Because of this positive method, I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worrying much about making mistakes. I was at the top of My class for two years.

47 Writing exercise Cause - Effect

48 Job Discrimination Against Women in China Guided Writing

49 5. Paragraph Writing 1)Nowadays, the female smokers are a common phenomenon in our society, which can be explained by several factors. 2) For one thing, … ( 理由 I) 3)Unlike…, it offers me it offers memuch freedom to … Detail 1 4) For another… ( 理由 II) 5)Through …, I have more chances to … Detail 2 6) And the mostamazing result of doing so is that… ( 理由 III) 7)Now I tend to … Detail 3 8) In sum, there is not anything in …(my life) that is morebeneficial than doing sth. Conclusion Topic Sentence Model

50 In China, there is a proverb “women hold half of the sky”. But under some circumstances, women are not respected in their career. Nowadays, more and more women are becoming career women instead of housewives. With the increase in the employment ratio of women in society, some subtle forms of job discrimination have occurred. To begin with, quite a lot companies control the numbers of female employees when they advertise for staff on newspaper. Some enterprises definitely refuse female applicants, just to avoid their maternity leaves stipulated by our government. They argue that before marriage, women pay their attention to fashionable dresses and various high-grade cosmetics, and after marriage, their minds dwell on nothing but the comforts of life, baby-care and house-work. Guided Writing

51 Although the companies decide to employ the woman, there also exist lots of inequalities. Even when the man and the woman are in the same position, it is no easy task for a woman to be promoted. They always pay lower salary to a woman than to a man who does the same work. The employers take the biased attitude toward female employees, and usually think that man is more capable than woman. Sometimes they fire a woman without any good reason. Women, however, should be given the same right as men, because women and men are together playing the same important role in our whole society. Only in this way, can our society be called open and fair society for everyone. Guided Writing


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