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Methods for Summarizing Texts Effective Strategies.

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Presentation on theme: "Methods for Summarizing Texts Effective Strategies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Methods for Summarizing Texts Effective Strategies

2 The Benefits of Summarizing Summarizing the information presented in a textbook or novel reinforces and consolidates the processes involved in learning that information. These processes include separating important from unimportant information, recognizing the structure of the text, and drawing inferences.

3 Strategies for Summarizing Hierarchical Summaries R.E.A.P. G.I.S.T.

4 Hierarchical Summaries Preview the text, giving special attention to headings, subheadings, bolded or italicized vocabulary, etc. Develop a skeletal outline. Read the text and use the outline as a guide. Generate main ideas for each main point in the outline and then include supporting detail. Generate a summarizing statement for the entire passage.

5 R.E.A.P. This is an acronym for the four stages of reading and understanding: R ead the text; E ncode the text in your own language; A nnotate the text by writing down the message conveyed in the text; P onder the message on your own or with others.

6 G.I.S.T.: Generating Interactions between Schemata and Text First, restate the first sentence of a paragraph in 15 words or less. Then, summarize sentences one and two in 15 words or less. Continue until the entire paragraph has been summarized in 15 words or less.

7 Source Alvermann, Donna E., and Stephen F. Phelps. Content Reading and Literacy: Succeeding in Today’s Diverse Classrooms. 2 nd ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1998.

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