The site topographically appropriate for architectural consideration. The site is not very sloping area. Also the site have soft ground. When we look at the sıte, we can see the smooth surface at the mıddle of the area whıch may cause some water collectıon problem.
Palm trees are a family of plants. This family is called Arecaceae. Most of them are trees but some are shrubs. They grow in hot climates,but some have been planted as far north as Britian. Well know palm trees are: -Date palm -Coconut palm Babutsa trees are the family of cactus. They grow in hot climates,usually is seen in the mediterrenean climate. 1 2 3 2 3 1
The fortifications during the Lusignan period 1192-1489 AD The first Lusignan castle was built during the reign of King Henry I, 1211. On seals of the king and his mother Alix in 1234, a castle with one or two towers is depicted surrounded with the inscription “CIVITAS NICOSIE”. Nicosia during the Ottoman period After its siege by the Ottomans the city was deserted. The foreign travellers that visited it refer to its great walls that were ruined, its few inhabitants and the big but deserted houses. The main Latin churches were converted into mosques. There were gardens with citrus and palm trees, and to enter the city one had to go through the three gates that opened on sunrise and closed on sunset. SELIMIYE MOSQUE BUYUK HAN
The Establishment of British Rule On 5 July 1878 the administration of the island was officially transferred to Great Britain. The Union Jack was raised in the presence of Vice- Admiral, Lord John Gray, Commander-in-Chief of the Channel Squadron that had been dispatched from Crete to Cyprus. Nicosia was initially occupied by 50 Marines and 50 Bluejackets from his flagship, The Venetian administration and the new fortifications The Venetians ruled the island from 1489 –1571. Nicosia was their administrative center and the seat of the Venetian Governor. Since the threat from the Ottomans was visible, the Venetian Governors of Nicosia emphasized in their letters the need for all the cities of Cyprus to be fortified.
LUSIGNAN PERIOD VENICE PERIOD OTTOMAN PERIOD BRITISH PERIOD From mıddle age To 20. Century