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Wilfredo Summers. 1.Preterite vs Imperfect 2.Por and para 3.Possessive adjectives and pronouns 4.Commands 5.El Modo Subjunctivo 6.Verbs of will and influence.

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Presentation on theme: "Wilfredo Summers. 1.Preterite vs Imperfect 2.Por and para 3.Possessive adjectives and pronouns 4.Commands 5.El Modo Subjunctivo 6.Verbs of will and influence."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wilfredo Summers

2 1.Preterite vs Imperfect 2.Por and para 3.Possessive adjectives and pronouns 4.Commands 5.El Modo Subjunctivo 6.Verbs of will and influence 7.Verbs of emotion 8.Doubt, disbelief and denial 9.Conjunctions 1.Subjunctive in adjective clauses 2.Tu commands 3.Nosotros commands 4.Past participles used as adjectives 5.Present Perfect 6.Past Perfect 7.Future tense 8.Conditional tense 9.Past subjenctuve

3 DefiniteIndefinite

4 Por Motion or a general location Duration of an action Object of a search Means by which something is done Exchange or substitution Unit of measure Para Destination Deadline or a specific time in the future Purpose or goal + infinitive Purpose + infinitive The recipient of something Comparison or opinions Employment

5 Short Form Mi(s)Nuestro(a/os/aas) Tu(s)Vuestro(a/os/as) Su(s) Long Form Singular Mio(a)Nuestro(a) Tuyo(a)Vuestro(a) Suyo(a) Long Form Plural Mios(as)Nuestros(as) Tuyos(as)Vuestros(as) Suyos(as) To form a possessive pronoun: Use the long form of the possessive adjective. Add el, la, los, las based on the gender and number of the noun. Attach the pronouns to a reflexive when using a reflexive in the infinitive form

6 TuUd./Uds.DOP + IOP + “se” Affirmative Simply drop the s Irregulars- di, haz, ve pon, sal, sé, ten, ven Put it in ‘yo’ form and change to opposite vowel Can attach to an affirmative Negative Put in ‘yo’ form and change to opposite vowel, add an ‘s’ Irregulars-TV DISHES Same as above Must go before the negative command

7 For most verbs, the present subjunctive is formed by following these three steps: Start with the yo form of the present indicative. Then drop the -o ending. Finally, add the following endings: -ar verbs: -e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en -er and -ir verbs: -a, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an dar - to give dé des dé demos deis den estar - to be esté estés esté estemos estéis estén haber - to have (auxiliary verb) haya hayas haya hayamos hayáis hayan ir - to go vaya vayas vaya vayamos vayáis vayan saber - to know sepa sepas sepa sepamos sepáis sepan ser - to be sea seas sea seamos seáis sean

8 Verbs of will and influence Aconsejar- to advise Importar- to be important: to matter Insistir (en)- to insist (on) Mandar- to order Prohibir- to prohibit Recomendar (e>ie)- to recommend Rogar (o>ue)- to beg, to plead Sugerir (e>ie)- to suggest

9 Sorprender To surprise Sentir (e-ie) To be sorry, to regret Esperar To hope, to wish Alegrarse (de) To be happy Oj ála (que) I hope (that); I wish (that) Es triste It’s sad Temer To be afraid; to fear

10 Dudar To doubt Negar (e-ie) To deny Es imposible It’s impossible Es improbable It’s improbable No es cierto It’s not true/certain No es seguro It’s not certain No es verdad It’s not true

11 A menos que Unless Antes (de) que Before Con tal (de) que Provided that En caso (de) que In case (that) Para que So that Sin que without

12 The subjunctive can be used in adjective clauses to indicate that the existence of someone or something is uncertain or indefinite. The subjunctive is used in an adjective clause that refers to a person, place, thing, or idea that either does not exist or whose existence is uncertain or indefinite. The indicative is used when the adjective clause refers to a person, place, thing, or idea that is clearly known, certain, or definite.

13 Tu Affirmative Simply drop the s Irregulars- di, haz, ve pon, sal, sé, ten, ven Negative Put in ‘yo’ form and change to opposite vowel, add an ‘s’ Irregulars-TV DISHES

14 Put in first person form Add amos/emos and change the vowel If IOP or DOP, add them on the end if affirmative and before the verb for negative; add accent If reflexive, add nos or se at the end and take away the s on amos/emos Ex. Comámonos; add accent Also called monkey verbs

15 Use this when writing an english adjective endind in –ed His car is washed. Su coche está lavado. Ar-ado Ir/Er-ido

16 He Has Ha Hemos Han Use when writing someone has done something. The second verb looks like a past participle He has ran. El ha corrido.

17 To say that something in the past has done something Use infinitive + past participle había habías había habíamos habíais habían

18 I will Infinitive + -é -emos -ás - éis -á-án Los Irregulares DecirDir- HacerHar- PonerPondr- SalirSaldr- TenerTendr- VenirVendr- PoderPodr QuererQuerr- SaberSabr- HaberHabr-

19 Would/should/could Infinitive+ -iá - iá mos -iás - iáis -iá-ián All endings are the same for er, ir, and ar berbs. The irregulars are the same as the future tense

20 Drop the ending –ron ending from the preterite -ra, -ras, -ra, - ramos, -ran The IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE NOTE: Used in same context and situations as the present subjunctive. It generally describes actions, events and conditions that have already happened.


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