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“Beyond Google: Easy, effective, efficient, elegant Internet searching”

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1 “Beyond Google: Easy, effective, efficient, elegant Internet searching”

2 What I hope we accomplish today or Myra Michele’s personal ground rules … I promise not to read this powerpoint to you; I hope this information will be of interest to you and that you will have questions or comments; I hope we have a conversation about research, about using the Internet for research and about the complications of online research, including plagiarism, cheating and violating intellectual property.

3 First group of slides – free Internet info This is a group of first generation websites from a variety of U.S. research organizations. Most of the websites offer free, weekly electronic updates to subscribers. Web 1.0 websites are controlled and uploaded by the owner of the site. There may or may not be interactive elements on these websites.

4 Tiger Woods professional golfer, lifelong student

5 Colorado State University online writing center This website is comprehensive, including links to many other helpful websites with information on writing. Most of the websites are maintained by U.S. universities. However, there are links to Canadian and Australian websites.

6 Indiana University Writing Tutorial Services The Writing Tutorial Services offer the following pamphlets. Each pamphlet deals with a specific writing situation. The pamphlets are available in html and pdf versions. (To read the pdf versions, you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader.) “Citing Sources in MLA Style” “Citing Sources in APA Style” “How to Use Evidence” “How To Write a Thesis Statement” “Paragraphs and Topic Sentences” “Personal Statements and Application Letters”

7 Indiana University Writing Tutorial Services other Indiana U. Writing Tutorial Services pamphlets: “Plagiarism: What It Is and How To Avoid It” “Proofreading for Common Surface Errors” “Proofreading for Spelling Errors” “Taking an Essay Exam” “Using Outlines” “Writing Book Reviews” “Writing Resumes and Cover Letters”

8 Steve Jobs Co-founder, CEO of Apple Computers

9 University of Maryland University College Europe The University of Maryland’s main campus is in College Park, Maryland. This website has many links to useful online resources. Because U/MD is an American university, the sources tend to be U.S. universities. However, the information on research, citing and plagiarism is good.

10 Birkbeck, University of London This is a U.K. university website. It covers various aspects of writing, including citing sources using the Harvard system of referencing. IN the U.S., students primarily use either MLA format (for humanities’ projects) and APA format (for social science projects) for citations.

11 Purdue University, Indiana (U.S.) I used this website often when I worked at Texas Tech University. It’s a good website with lots of information writing term papers and theses. There’s even a link for students for whom English is not their native language. ESL Resources for Students

12 Larry Page, Sergey Brin & Dr. Eric Schmidt Google’s two co-founders and its CEO

13 Non-profit organizations and commercial websites The following slides offer brief descriptions of non-profit organizations and one commercial vendor, Gallup, that provide good, current, mostly free information about the U.S., press, U.S. government and emerging trends in American society.

14 American Enterprise Institute “The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research is a private, nonpartisan, not-for-profit institution dedicated to research and education on issues of government, politics, economics, and social welfare.

15 Founded in 1943, AEI is home to some of America's most accomplished public policy experts--from economics, law, political science, defense and foreign policy studies, ethics, theology, medicine, and other fields.

16 The Brookings Institution is a private nonprofit organization devoted to independent research and innovative policy solutions. For more than 90 years, Brookings has analyzed current and emerging issues and produced new ideas that matter—for the nation and the world.

17 Congressional Quarterly Researcher Congressional Quarterly Researcher is part of the CQ Electronic Library. In order to access CQ Researcher, use the URL at the top of this slide to sign up. CQ publications offer comprehensive information on the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Supreme Court and on how the American national government works.

18 The Gallup Organization Gallup is well known for conducting polls and other studies of human behavior. Gallup’s polls are not free; however, abstracts are free of charge.

19 “The Center's purpose is to serve as a forum for ideas on the media and public policy through public opinion research. In this role it serves as an important information resource for political leaders, journalists, scholars, and public interest organizations. All of our current survey results are made available free of charge.”

20 “The research program includes five principal areas of investigation: The People & The Press - explores public attitudes about the credibility, social value and salience of the news media. The People, The Press & Politics - features a typology which divides the American electorate into distinct voting groups and identifies the basic values and attitudes that animate political behavior. The News Interest Index - measures on a regular basis how closely the public follows the major news stories and links this to views about politics and policy issues. America's Place in the World - a series of in-depth surveys and analyses of the public and opinion leaders on international policy in the post-Cold War era. Media Use - major surveys that measure the public's use of, and attitudes toward, the Internet and traditional news outlets.”

21 Rand Corporation “RAND Mission: The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. For nearly 60 years, decisionmakers in the public and private sectors have turned to the RAND Corporation for objective analysis and effective solutions that address the challenges facing the nation and the world. These challenges include such critical social and economic issues as education, poverty, crime, and the environment, as well as a range of national security issues.”

22 Majora Carter Environmentalist, recipient of MacArthur Foundation “genius” award

23 A discussion of plagiarism According to Oxford English Dictionary, the Holy Grail for English speaking librarians, plagiarize (verb) take (the work or idea of someone else) and pass it off as one’s own. Derivatives: plagiarism noun plagiarist noun plagiarizer noun. Origin/etymology: from Latin plagiarius ‘kidnapper’, from Greek plagion ‘a kidnapping’.

24 Dan Brown author of “The DaVinci Code

25 16 January 2007 London Times headline: “The DaVinci Code” copyright case goes to appeal.” Mr. Michael Baigent and Mr. Richard Leigh argue that that Mr. Dan Brown copied significant parts of his novel from their 1982 book The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail.

26 Plagiarism Plagiarism – what exactly is plagiarism besides a funny sounding, oddly spelled English word? Plagiarism is using others’ ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information.

27 Jayson Blair, former New York Times reporter who was forced to resign from the newspaper in May 2003, after he was caught plagiarizing and fabricating elements of his stories

28 How to avoid plagiarizing Plagiarism is using others’ ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information. I did not write that definition. But on this and on the preceding slide, I listed the URL for the University of Indiana website where I found that definition. I did not plagiarize. I gave the author(s) credit for their quote. It’s very simple to avoid plagiarizing – identify words, ideas, thoughts you use that are not yours.

29 Ann Coulter American author and social commentator; accused of plagiarism

30 Reasons for plagiarism … “Research-based writing in American institutions, both educational and corporate, is filled with rules that writers, particularly beginners, aren't aware of or don't know how to follow.” Translation: you did not know you needed say the words or ideas you put in your paper weren’t all yours. Okay. Now you know …

31 Ben Domenech American blogger who apologized and resigned from the Washington Post after allegations of plagiarism while a student at The College of William & Mary

32 Plagiarism that made headlines … Kaavya Viswanathan's first novel How Opal Mehta Got Kissed, Got Wild and Got a Life is reported to contain plagiarized passages from at least five other novels. All editions of the book were subsequently withdrawn, her publishing deal with Little, Brown and Co. was rescinded, and a film deal with Dreamworks SKG was cancelled. Ms Viswanathan was initially accused of plagiarizing two of Megan McCafferty’s books.

33 Kaaya Viswanathan Ms Viswanathan admitted through her published that she “accidentally” borrowed some passages from Ms MaCafferty’s novels

34 Excerpts from the two writers’ novels: McCafferty's book page 7: "Bridget is my age and lives across the street. For the first twelve years of my life, these qualifications were all I needed in a best friend. But that was before Bridget's braces came off and her boyfriend Burke got on, before Hope and I met in our seventh grade Honors classes." Viswanathan's novel page 14: "Priscilla was my age and lived two blocks away. For the first fifteen years of my life, those were the only qualifications I needed in a best friend. We had bonded over our mutual fascination with the abacus in a playgroup for gifted kids. But that was before freshman year, when Priscilla's glasses came off, and the first in a long string of boyfriends got on."

35 Megan McCafferty author of “Sloppy Firsts; Second Helpings; Charmed Thirds”

36 Intellectual property (IP) The term intellectual property reflects the idea that this subject matter is the product of the mind or the intellect, though the term is a matter of some controversy. Intellectual property laws differ globally. Talks about IP are always going on, especially between the U.S., the UK and countries like the Peoples’ Republic of China and India. “The United States and the United Kingdom are the only two nations who consistently receive net balance of payment benefits from intellectual property, and are amongst the chief supporters of intellectual property systems.”

37 Types of intellectual property (IP) Copyright Geographical indication Industrial design rights IP cores used in electronic design Moral rights Patent Personality rights Plant breeders' rights Plant variety protection Trade dress Trademark Trade secret Traditional knowledge Domain Name

38 Vladimir Putin and Dr. Martin Luther King allegations that both men plagiarized portions of their doctoral theses

39 … but there’s SO much free information out there in cyberspace Yes there is SO much free information. At the risk of frightening you or making some of you feel guilty, do you want to be the patient of a doctor or surgeon who “borrowed” someone else’s research rather than put in the time to do his or her own work? This applies to your car (the engineer), your home (architect, builder) – every aspect of our lives is interdependent.

40 Interdependency (continued) Now that you know, now that I’ve told you what plagiarism is, I need to tell you it is cheating. When you use information that belongs to another in an assignment or on an exam, you are saying “those are my ideas, my words, my thoughts.” Which is not true. I’ll tell you a quick story about my last job and a “campus conversation on ethics.”

41 Janet Cooke wrote a false story about a heroin addicted 8 year old boy; also lied about her educational background and work experience. The Washington Post was forced to return the Pulitzer Prize she won for the story.

42 Domande? Myra Michele Brown U.S. Embassy Rome Information Resources Officer (IRO) (IRO for Italy, Portugal, Spain, Malta, Macedonia, Greece and Cyprus) 06-4674-2379

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