Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

AUDITS AND ASSURANCE SERVICES The Attest Function Chapter 1.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "AUDITS AND ASSURANCE SERVICES The Attest Function Chapter 1."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 AUDITS AND ASSURANCE SERVICES The Attest Function Chapter 1

3 Attestation services To help improve the reliability and relevance of information Types: Audit of financial statements – expressing an opinion about whether the financial statements are in conformity with GAAP Audit of financial statements – expressing an opinion about whether the financial statements are in conformity with GAAP Review of financial statements Review of financial statements Agreed upon procedures Agreed upon procedures

4 Non - Attestation services Types: Accounting Accounting Bookkeeping services Bookkeeping services Tax services Tax services Management consulting services Management consulting services Litigation support Litigation support Fraud investigation Fraud investigation Personal financial planning Personal financial planning

5 Economic Demand for Auditing Business risk – risk associated with a company’s survival and profitability Information risk – reflects the possibility that the information upon which the business risk decision was made was innacurate. Causes are: Remoteness of information Remoteness of information Biases and motives of provider Biases and motives of provider Voluminous data Voluminous data Complex exchange transactions Complex exchange transactions

6 Nature of Auditing Auditing is the accumulation and evaluation about information to determine and report on the degree of correspondence between the information and established criteria. Auditing should be done by a competent, independent person.

7 Types of Audits Financial statements audits - to determine whether the overall financial statements are stated in accordance with GAAP Financial statements audits - to determine whether the overall financial statements are stated in accordance with GAAP Operational audits – to review any part of an organization’s operating procedures and methods for the purpose of evaluating EFFICENCY & EFFECTIVENESS Operational audits – to review any part of an organization’s operating procedures and methods for the purpose of evaluating EFFICENCY & EFFECTIVENESS Compliance audits – to determine whether the auditee is following specific procedures, rules, or regulations set by some higher authority Compliance audits – to determine whether the auditee is following specific procedures, rules, or regulations set by some higher authority

8 Types of Auditors Certified public accountants – all types of audits Certified public accountants – all types of audits General Accounting Office – compliance and operational audits General Accounting Office – compliance and operational audits Contralor de PR – compliance audits Contralor de PR – compliance audits Auditores de Hacienda – compliance audits Auditores de Hacienda – compliance audits Internal auditors – compliance and operational audits Internal auditors – compliance and operational audits

9 The CPA Profession Certified Public Accounting Firms: Big Four: Big Four: Ernst & Young Ernst & Young Price Waterhouse Coopers Price Waterhouse Coopers KPMG KPMG Deloitte and Touche Deloitte and Touche National firms National firms Regional firms Regional firms Small local firms Small local firms Kiosks Kiosks

10 Organizational Structure of a CPA Firm Proprietorship Proprietorship Partnership Partnership Limited liability partnership Limited liability partnership Professional corporation Professional corporation

11 Staff Levels and Responsibilities Staff – 0-2 years. Performs most of the detailed audit work. $40,000 Senior – 2-5 years. Coordinates and is responsible for the field work, including supervision. $45,000- $50,000 Manager – 6-10 years. Helps senior and manage the audit. $60,000- $85,000 Partner – Reviews the overall audit work, client’s relationship (tennis & golf). $100,000 - $250,000

12 American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Voluntary membership Voluntary membership Standards and rules Standards and rules Code of professional conduct Code of professional conduct Professional requirements for CPA’s Professional requirements for CPA’s Prepares and grades the exam Prepares and grades the exam Publishes the Journal of Accountancy Publishes the Journal of Accountancy Conducts research Conducts research Advocate for the accounting profession Advocate for the accounting profession

13 Securities and Exchange Commission Agency of the federal government Agency of the federal government Assist in providing investors with reliable information upon which to make investment decisions Assist in providing investors with reliable information upon which to make investment decisions Requires audited financial statements every year Requires audited financial statements every year Requires unaudited quarterly financial statements every quarter Requires unaudited quarterly financial statements every quarter Sets generally accepted accounting principles and disclosures Sets generally accepted accounting principles and disclosures Watchdog Watchdog

14 Salaries by Age & Certification $31,068 $31,068 $44,133 $44,133 $56,024 $56,024 $58,920 $58,920 $73,638 $73,638 $51,831 $51,831 $38,583 $38,583 $59,346 $59,346 $75,136 $75,136 $90,389 $90,389 $81,367 $81,367 $69,322 $69, Overall

15 THE NEW CPA EXAM CPA JUAN M. GARCIA MERCED

16 4 PARTS of the CPA EXAM Auditing Auditing Financial Accounting and Reporting Financial Accounting and Reporting Regulation Regulation Business Environment and Concepts Business Environment and Concepts Effective date: April 2004

17 AUDIT 100% Auditing & Attestation

18 Financial Accounting & Reporting 80% Business enterprises 10% Governmental entities 10% Not for profit organizations

19 Regulation 60% Taxation 40% Law and professional responsibilities

20 Business Environment & Concepts 20% Business structure 10% Managerial (measurement) 70% All areas other than Business structure and measurement 40% of the content was not previously tested on the CPA exam

21 Testlet Approach FAR, AUD, and REG will each contain 5 testlets; 3 multiple- choice and two simulations FAR, AUD, and REG will each contain 5 testlets; 3 multiple- choice and two simulations FAR and AUD = 90 M/C FAR and AUD = 90 M/C REG = 72 M/C REG = 72 M/C BEC will be three testlets of all multiple-choice questions (90 total). BEC will be three testlets of all multiple-choice questions (90 total).

22 Multiple-Choice Testlets Answers are radio button approach (not A, B, C, D). Answers are radio button approach (not A, B, C, D). Calculator onscreen is only available calculator. Calculator onscreen is only available calculator. Candidate must complete testlets in order and cannot move ahead or back. Candidate must complete testlets in order and cannot move ahead or back.

23 Simulations Each simulation is approximately minutes in length and will complement the multiple choice portion Each simulation is approximately minutes in length and will complement the multiple choice portion Most of the simulation will contain some research activity, usually involving an electronic search or access to authoritative literature or IRS documents Most of the simulation will contain some research activity, usually involving an electronic search or access to authoritative literature or IRS documents

24 Simulations Candidates are expected to know how to use common spreadsheet and word processing functions, including writing formulas for spreadsheets

25 Simulations Candidates must also have the ability to use a financial calculator or a spreadsheet to perform standard financial calculations Candidates must also have the ability to use a financial calculator or a spreadsheet to perform standard financial calculations Candidates will be asked to use authoritative literature in the creation of formal audit communications Candidates will be asked to use authoritative literature in the creation of formal audit communications

26 Comprehensive Assessment Entry-level foundational knowledge (standards and regulations) Entry-level foundational knowledge (standards and regulations) Entry-level skill sets (communication, research, analysis and organization, understanding and judgment Entry-level skill sets (communication, research, analysis and organization, understanding and judgment

27 Length of New Exam Examina tion Length Auditing & attestati on FARE Regula tion Bus. Environm ent & Concepts 14 hours 4.5 hours 4 hour s 3 hours 2.5 hours

28 Granting of Credit & Transitioning Candidates will be allowed to sit for each section individually, and in any order Candidates will be allowed to sit for each section individually, and in any order Candidates will retain credit for any section(s) passed for 18 months. Candidates will retain credit for any section(s) passed for 18 months. Candidates will not be allowed to retake a failed section(s) within the same examination window Candidates will not be allowed to retake a failed section(s) within the same examination window

29 HOW TO APPLY FOR THE NEW CPA EXAM

30 The New Exam – Administrative Changes Calendar year divided into quarters. Testing occurs in the first two months of each quarter and third month is “closed”. Calendar year divided into quarters. Testing occurs in the first two months of each quarter and third month is “closed”. Candidates can sit for one or more parts during any testing window, but not the same part more than once in a testing window. Candidates can sit for one or more parts during any testing window, but not the same part more than once in a testing window. Candidates can generally sit at any Prometric site authorized to administer the CPA Exam. Candidates can generally sit at any Prometric site authorized to administer the CPA Exam.

31 Application Process Key is applying early!!! Key is applying early!!! Candidates apply to CPA Examination Services. Candidates apply to CPA Examination Services. Expectation is that new applications will take approximately 4-6 weeks to process at state level. Re-examination candidates will take considerably less time. Expectation is that new applications will take approximately 4-6 weeks to process at state level. Re-examination candidates will take considerably less time.

32 Application Process EDUCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS MUST BE MET AT THE TIME APPLICATIONS ARE MADE FOR THE EXAMINATION

33 Application Process – First Step Application form (notarized) Application form (notarized) 2 x 2 photograph 2 x 2 photograph Official transcript Official transcript Fee payable to CPA Examination (certified checks or money orders only) Fee payable to CPA Examination (certified checks or money orders only) Character Reference Affidavit Character Reference Affidavit A receipt indicating that a Certificate of Good Conduct has been requested from the Police. The original certificate must subsequently be mailed directly to CPA Examination Services A receipt indicating that a Certificate of Good Conduct has been requested from the Police. The original certificate must subsequently be mailed directly to CPA Examination Services

34 Fees & Timing Two fees: application fee and examination fee. Two fees: application fee and examination fee. Application fees $210. Application fees $210. Examination fees are as follows: Examination fees are as follows: AUD $ AUD $ BEC $ BEC $ FAR $ FAR $ REG $ REG $152.33

35 Application Process – Step 2 Receive your NOTICE TO SCHEDULE Receive your NOTICE TO SCHEDULE This NOTICE TO SCHEDULE is valid for six months This NOTICE TO SCHEDULE is valid for six months

36 Application Process – Step 3 Schedule your examination Schedule your examination Have your Notice to Schedule ready Have your Notice to Schedule ready As soon as possible As soon as possible Have a first, second, and third choice of dates for each section Have a first, second, and third choice of dates for each section Walk in are not accepted Walk in are not accepted

37 Application Process – Step 3 Options to schedule Options to schedule Visit Visit (Confirmation by ) (Confirmation by ) Call Call (No confirmation) (No confirmation) Call Prometric Puerto Rico Call Prometric Puerto Rico

38 Application Process – Step 4 Take your Examination Take your Examination Arrive early Arrive early Bring your NOTICE TO SCHEDULE Bring your NOTICE TO SCHEDULE Bring 2valid personal identifications Bring 2valid personal identifications There are breaks, however, clock will keep running during the break!!! There are breaks, however, clock will keep running during the break!!!

39 Application Process – Step 5 RECEIVE YOUR SCORES RECEIVE YOUR SCORES

40 Scheduling Parameters Recommended to schedule 45 days before you want to sit. Recommended to schedule 45 days before you want to sit. Date chosen must be within the time period the NTS is valid and before it expires. Date chosen must be within the time period the NTS is valid and before it expires. No appointments can be made fewer than 5 days from when you call (i.e. call Monday earliest can sit is Saturday). No appointments can be made fewer than 5 days from when you call (i.e. call Monday earliest can sit is Saturday).

41 Changing Schedules Candidates can make changes, but fees may apply. Candidates can make changes, but fees may apply. If canceling (without reschedule) or do not show, no refunds will be issued. If canceling (without reschedule) or do not show, no refunds will be issued.

42 Test Center Procedures Candidates must arrive 30 minutes before appointment time. Candidates must arrive 30 minutes before appointment time. Candidate MUST bring NTS to the test center. Candidate MUST bring NTS to the test center. Security measures include digital photograph, two forms of identification (with signature and valid). Security measures include digital photograph, two forms of identification (with signature and valid). Specifics on types of approved identification are found in the Candidate Bulletin. Specifics on types of approved identification are found in the Candidate Bulletin.

43 Test Center Regulations All personal belongings must be placed in a small locker at the test center. All personal belongings must be placed in a small locker at the test center. Candidates must remain in seats except when authorized by test center staff. Candidates must remain in seats except when authorized by test center staff. Scratch paper and pencils will be provided to candidates. Scratch paper and pencils will be provided to candidates. Most items are prohibited in the testing room. An extensive list is in the Candidate Bulletin. Most items are prohibited in the testing room. An extensive list is in the Candidate Bulletin. Before beginning test, Confidentiality and Break Policy Statement must be accepted. Before beginning test, Confidentiality and Break Policy Statement must be accepted.

44 Scores At start of CBT, advisory scores and diagnostic information will be sent by AICPA to NASBA at the end of each testing window. At start of CBT, advisory scores and diagnostic information will be sent by AICPA to NASBA at the end of each testing window. NASBA then forwards scores to State Boards for distribution (approximately 1 week). NASBA then forwards scores to State Boards for distribution (approximately 1 week). State Boards then decide when to release to candidates. State Boards then decide when to release to candidates. Appeal process is available. Appeal process is available.

45 Scoring & Weights Questions were psychometrically evaluated and assigned weights. Questions were psychometrically evaluated and assigned weights. Points are accumulated based upon correct responses. Overall scores are then adjusted to ensure scores for all candidates are comparable. Points are accumulated based upon correct responses. Overall scores are then adjusted to ensure scores for all candidates are comparable. 75 is passing score that represents examination performance that represents knowledge and skills necessary to protect the public. 75 is passing score that represents examination performance that represents knowledge and skills necessary to protect the public.

46 Scoring & Weights Human graders will score all written communication questions. Human graders will score all written communication questions. Approximately 20% of questions will be pretest questions. Approximately 20% of questions will be pretest questions.

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54 Questions?

55 Questions?????


Download ppt "AUDITS AND ASSURANCE SERVICES The Attest Function Chapter 1."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google