Presentation on theme: "The DOMA Decision: An Update As of 1/14/14 Charlotte Cathro, CPA Meyers Brothers Kalicka, P.C."— Presentation transcript:
The DOMA Decision: An Update As of 1/14/14 Charlotte Cathro, CPA Meyers Brothers Kalicka, P.C.
Your Presenter Charlotte Cathro, CPA, Manager, Meyers Brothers Kalicka, P.C. Member of the Massachusetts Society of Certified Public Accountants and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. B.A. in Mathematics from Brandeis University and an MSA from Suffolk University. Board treasurer of Dakin Humane Society. 2
Overview DOMA Windsor Case Effects of Decision - Questions Answered Open Questions Estate Planning Considerations 3
DOMA On the books since 1996Three Sections Section 1 – Title of Defense of Marriage Act Section 2 – Powers of the states Section 3 – Definition of Marriage – Legal Union Between a Man and a Woman 4
Discussed Effects of DOMA Income Taxes Health Care & Benefits Immigration Social Security, Medicare & Medicaid Gift & Estate 5
Windsor v. United States Related to estate taxes and the unlimited marital deduction - $363,053 of estate taxes assessed Claimed unconstitutionality of DOMA Section 3 Unconstitutional under equal protection clause 6
The Decision Repealed Section 3 as unconstitutional, NOT Section 2Retroactive, as if law never existedHow does it apply to people in: Recognition states Non-recognition states Other relationship statuses Difference in Federal Agencies State of Residence State of Celebration 7
Effect of Decision - Income Taxes August 29, 2013 – IRS issues guidance (Rev. Rul. 2013-17), same sex couples recognized, based of state of celebration In prior practice, the IRS has used state of residence as determining factor Amendments available for open years, but not required Income tax analysis performed on couples to determine tax impact 8
Effect of Decision - Health Care/Benefits No longer imputing Federal taxable value of spousal health benefits September 18, 2013 – DOL issues guidance under ERISA – recognizes and based on state of celebration Too difficult for multi-state employers to implement based on state of residence Spousal retirement benefits – RMDs, QDROs Beneficiary designations made need updating August, 2013 – FMLA Fact Sheet #28F – Recognizes but differs from DOL/IRS and is state of residence 9
Effect of Decision - Immigration One week after the decision, the Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano directs immigration services to review applications similarly to opposite sex married couples Based on state of celebration, although fact based Couples may have previously been advised not to marry 10
Effect of Decision – Social Security, Medicare & Medicaid Based on state of residence August 9, 2013 SSA Commissioner announces some but not all spousal claims for social security will be processed SSA Program Operations Manual System updated for process of approving claims Social Security claims where living in non- recognition state are currently being held, not denied Medicaid is a federal-state cooperative program – Per guidance SHO# 13-006, they are leaving it up to the state but encouraging recognition 11
Effect of Decision – Gift & Estate Taxes Unlimited marital deduction Portability Marital exemption from gift taxes Gift splitting Amending returns for refund requests 12
Open Questions Anything based on state of residence is up for clarification Non-recognition states need to clarify their tax law where they typically conform to the IRS Since retroactive, clarification needed on correction of previous events (taxable prior gifts to spouse, QDROs and other retirement distributions) Possibility of going back further than open tax years 13
Estate Planning Considerations Still not the same as opposite sex couples Ownership of property in a non- recognition state Contain conditional language What if the client moves to a non- recognition state? What if some of the open considerations change – use “if applicable” 14
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