Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Climate change mitigation in Cities: A city-wide approach to carbon finance Monali Ranade Carbon Finance Unit, The World Bank Carbon Expo, Cologne May.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Climate change mitigation in Cities: A city-wide approach to carbon finance Monali Ranade Carbon Finance Unit, The World Bank Carbon Expo, Cologne May."— Presentation transcript:

1 Climate change mitigation in Cities: A city-wide approach to carbon finance Monali Ranade Carbon Finance Unit, The World Bank Carbon Expo, Cologne May 27, 2010

2 Why Cities and Carbon Finance?  Fastest growing source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions  High level of economic growth with very large population inflow  Continuous challenge to balance development and environmental needs  Inadequate level of engagement in CDM  Potential for carbon finance to facilitate low- GHG development in cities

3 GHG emissions in Cities Transportation of Waste WasteTransport Urban Forestry Water Grey water reuse Sludge treatmentPedestrian comfort Energy Traffic management systems Biogas-to- energy Efficient water pumping Heat island effect Sources of emissions: 1. Transport 2. Solid Waste 3. Water 4. Energy usage Emission sink: Urban Forestry Mathematically, it should be possible for a city to be carbon neutral by creating sufficient green areas

4 Single Project Bundle of Projects Program (PoA) Single locationMany locations Many locations, across countries Single project owner (e.g., 1 hydro plant) Many project owners (e.g., 10 hydro plant) Many project owners 1 project only A number of activities submitted as 1 project (e.g., 10 hydro plants) A number of activities submitted over the duration of a program A single crediting period (e.g., 7/10years) Single crediting period for all activities (7/10 years) Each project has own crediting period Project owner is known All project owners are known At least one project is known, rest included as they join Types of CDM Projects

5 City A City B City C Waste Transport water Options 2: PoA across many cities (e.g., Transport) Option 1: Stand-alone project in one large city (e.g., LFG project) Option 3: Bundled project in two or more cities (e.g., EE in water pumping) water Options for cities to access carbon finance* * Under CDM

6 PoA Implements any policy/measure or stated goal CPA1 CPA2 CPA3 CPA..n CPA4 Achieve GHG reductions or removals by sinks One Programme of Activities (PoA) & Many CDM Project Activities (CPAs) :One coordinating agency and type of intervention C.Figueres & M.Philips, 2007 How does programmatic CDM work

7 Transport CPA 1 CPA 2.. Energy CPA 5 CPA 6.. Waste CPA 3 CPA 4.. Water CPA 7 CPA 8.. Urban Forestry CPA 9, CPA 10 City-wide approach to carbon finance* Enabling cities to improve urban services while reducing GHG emissions Characteristics of an urban program a.City Authority responsible for Aggregation of GHG reductions Implementation Monitoring and verification b.Baseline includes the urban area, current and projected growth c.Technology and policy interventions identified in each sector d.Strengthens on-going programs e.Implementation through public- private partnerships, sub- contracts, ESCOs, etc * This approach will be submitted to the CDM EB in June 2010

8 Example of Projects Municipal Departments Program Coordinator Mayor / City Manager Water Water supply Energy Street-light efficiency Waste CompostingLandfill Gas Transport Public transport Low-carbon vehicles Urban Forestry Parks Structuring a city’s carbon program

9 Creating city-wide programs 1 Establish a coordination office for the program 2 Establish the geographical and sector boundary for the program 3 Create an inventory of GHG emissions in the boundary 4 Identify responsible departments and agencies 5 Create appropriate incentives for relevant stakeholders 6 Identify interventions and establish program eligibility 7 Establish system for documentation and quality control 8 Implement and monitor the interventions 9 10 Quantify emission reductions: measure or estimate Validate or verify ER benefit

10 Baseline Energy + Waste + Transport sectors Buildings EE Composting New Public transport Street-lights Business As Usual GHG Emissions GHG Emissions with city’s carbon program Unit Tons of CO2e (Cumulative) Assumptions: 10% Annual growth of emissions in the Business As Usual (BAU) scenario Project and policy interventions included for each sector Implementation start date and length varies for project interventions in the 10 year period Emissions and emission reductions are cumulative Illustration of GHG mitigation impact Year 1 10 GHG Emission Reductions

11 For more information Visit:


Download ppt "Climate change mitigation in Cities: A city-wide approach to carbon finance Monali Ranade Carbon Finance Unit, The World Bank Carbon Expo, Cologne May."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google