Presentation on theme: "Multi-country Water Purification Programme of Activities (PoA)"— Presentation transcript:
Multi-country Water Purification Programme of Activities (PoA)
2 Contents Why a water purification PoA? Approach and Technology How can DNAs facilitate Multi-Country PoAs?
The Gap Sources: (1) WHO (2) UNICEF 900 mio people without access to clean water several 100 million people who boil their water for disinfection
Typical situation of water supply: the example of Najja village, Uganda For example, the people in the Uganda village of Najja have a water well. But the water is not clean and can cause diseases. Large amounts of wood are used to boil water for disinfection. What can be done to provide the villagers with clean water, while at the same time saving natural resources, avoiding air pollution and erosion?
5 Hurdles for Clean Drinking Water Projects Current problems for project implementers: Generally lack of sufficient funds No steady income stream Not enough exposure to funding providing entities …how to find an approach to make Water Disinfection Projects attractive to investors?
Water Purification PoA will bring a host of co-benefits: Enabling schooling & avoiding abuse Against child death & water related diseases: 120 million DALY per year (1) Indoor air quality: 40 million DALY per year (2) Sources: 1) Pacific Institute (2010). World Water Quality Facts and Statistics. World Water Day 2010, 22nd March. 2) Torres-Duque C (2008). Biomass Fuels and Respiratory Diseases. The Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society 5: Avoiding desertification Reduce GHG emissions. Protecting biodiversity & water resources
7 Contents Why a water purification PoA? Approach and Technology How can DNAs facilitate Multi-Country PoAs?
8 Boiling water Water Purification Projects can generate carbon revenues by…. … reducing the use and demand for fossil fuels and non renewable biomass that would have been used to boil water as a mean for water purification … and thus directly leading to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions Possible solutions Solar disinfection Filter Membrane Chemical disinfection Water Purification Project: „Best“ solution depends on: - Water quality - Climate - People... Baseline Scenario
9 The Water Purification PoA is a platform enabling various actors in many countries 9 The Water PoA is an open platform for different: Countries Participants Technologies … but with the SAME GOAL!! See EB 32, Annex 38 A PoA is the framework that defines the parameters for project Activities (CPAs) that are eligible for inclusion in the PoA. PoA = platform serving CPAs in different countries Country A Country B Country C CPA
Example of Technology: Gravity Driven Membrane Disinfection (GDMD) Filters ADVANTAGES Effective: Parasites, Viruses, Bacteria Easy: no energy, almost no maintenance Robust: even highly turbid water can be used, not fragile Long life span : expected life span 5-8 years therefore, low costs for the expected life span No recurring costs (e.g. chemicals) ADVANTAGES Effective: Parasites, Viruses, Bacteria Easy: no energy, almost no maintenance Robust: even highly turbid water can be used, not fragile Long life span : expected life span 5-8 years therefore, low costs for the expected life span No recurring costs (e.g. chemicals) Prototype design only
11 Calculating Emission Reduction Boiling water Possible solutions Solar disinfection Filter Membrane Chemical disinfection Emission Reductions = Baseline Emissions – Project Emissions Baseline: Project : Principle of supressed demand is applied No treatment Clean water for 20’000 people Climate benefits Social benefits Environmental benefits
12 Example Calculation for African Context Assumptions: Conventional cook stove used in the Baseline 20'000 devices employed Each device can purify 30 l/day Wood had been used to boil water in project area Result: 40'000 ton CO 2 avoided per year named Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) Assuming 10 €/CER -> 400'000 EUR/year minus transaction costs and PoA management costs Regular income over 21 years if complying with monitoring criteria
13 Contents Why a water purification PoA? Approach and Technology How can DNAs facilitate Multi-Country PoAs?
14 What is needed to make a multi-country PoA possible? Highly standardized methodology –WHO standards –Activity level defined with the help of equipment capacity plus cap per person –Default values for baseline emissions Highly standardized PoA-DD –Standardized factor for Non-Renewable Biomass based on FAO data –Standardized default additionality test based on guidelines for micro-scale projects –Inclusion of various technologies –Inclusion of various CPA implementers (NGOs, local companies, multilateral organisations. etc.) The example of the Water Purification PoA = the first Multi-Country PoA submitted for validation which can be applied in ALL Non-Annex countries DNAs supporting the concept and facilitating multi-country PoAs –Need for water purification in the country –Acknowledge the slightly different approach –Timing: for non-LDC there is a hard registration deadline by End of 2012 >> practical deadline for issuing LoAs: February 2012
15 Thank you Questions? Bruce Wylie Principal, South Africa Ronnie Twesigye PoA Specialist, Uganda Christoph Sutter CEO, Zurich Contact