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Nova Brown Senior Casework Manager Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorate Restricted Patients in the Community

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Presentation on theme: "Nova Brown Senior Casework Manager Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorate Restricted Patients in the Community"— Presentation transcript:

1 Nova Brown Senior Casework Manager Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorate Restricted Patients in the Community

2 Introduction Restricted Patients - legislative background Policy Role of Scottish Ministers, PMO and officials Management of Offenders Legislation/CPA Anonymised case for discussion Memorandum of Procedure Role of MHO Training – why so important Bryan Homicide Inquiry

3 Test for Restriction Order Section 59A (a)having regard to the nature of the offence with which he is charged (b)the antecedents of the person and (c) the risk that as a result of his mental disorder he would commit offences if set at large that it is necessary for the protection of the public from serious harm so to do, the court may, subject to the provisions of this section, further order that the person shall be subject to the special restrictions set out in Part 10 of the Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 without limit of time.

4 Recent Policy The policy in relation to restricted patients has developed further over recent years and been informed by: –The MWC Report on the inquiry into the care and treatment of Mr L and Mr M –The Risk Management Authority’s recommendations on working with restricted patients –The Forensic Mental Health managed Care Network (Forensic Network) – see NHS HDL(2006)48 and NHS CEL 13 (2007) –The Management of Offenders etc (Scotland) Act and revised CPA

5 The MWC Inquiry Report into Mr L and Mr M –No systematic approach to risk assessment –No risk management plan or strategy to deal with relapse –No crisis plan –a need for care governance around training, skills and knowledge of those providing social work support for restricted patients –In the Inquiry’s view, this includes mental state and risk assessment skills, as well as generic social work skills.

6 Mr L and Mr M: important conclusion... Medical treatment and risk management are not the same. Irrespective of improvement and recovery in response to treatment, the risk posed by an individual patient must always be considered separately and determine the degree of liberty enjoyed by a patient. Mental Welfare Commission (Report into the inquiry of Mr L and Mr M, March 2006)

7 RMA Recommendations Standardised CPA Formal risk assessment reviews at predefined key stages in the patient journey Training should be developed and provided to multidisciplinary teams including –Management of MDOs; risk assessment and management; managing restricted patients (use of the MOP); and multidisciplinary working

8 Key is balanced judgement “it is understood that there is inherent uncertainty in the processes of risk assessment and risk management. The goal is not to predict adverse events nor to have overly risk-aversive practice..... risk can be reduced and managed but never eliminated... “SG must be satisfied that the MDT have properly identified and evaluated any risk to the public and that sound measures have been taken to manage it

9 RESTRICTED PATIENT CASELOAD Number of restricted patients (as at ) 324 Number of remand patients (restricted status) 30 Number of restricted patients (excl remand) in: State Hospital Orchard Clinic Rowanbank Clinic Local Hospitals Conditional Discharge Total

10 Role of Scottish Ministers The 2003 Act gives Scottish Ministers a specific statutory role in respect of restricted patients The oversight of Scottish Ministers provides safeguards as follows: –A compulsion order lasts only 6 months unless renewed by the RMO. A RO is without limit of time –A RO prevents a patient being released from compulsion (either in hospital or in the community) without a decision of the Tribunal at which SMs can make representations

11 Scottish Ministers (Cntd) Decisions about transfer of the patient – ie to lower security hospitals are subject to scrutiny and approval of SMs (S218) Decisions about SUS require SMs consent and SUS can be revoked at any time (S224) A RO involves SMs monitoring the patient on a continuing basis Conditional Discharge allows supervision, assessment and monitoring in the public interest and patient can be recalled from CD at any point Scottish Ministers can vary conditions of discharge (done in discussion with the multi-disciplinary team) To reflect risk considerations for Mental Health Tribunal hearings

12 Role of the Principal Medical Officer and officials in the SG Health Directorate The Principal Medical Officer (Forensic Psychiatry) is a psychiatrist who is responsible for liaison with the RMO and for advising Scottish Ministers and their administrative officials on clinical aspects Officials in MHD are responsible for administrative matters generally in relation to casework on restricted patients. Decisions which are not taken personally by SMs are taken on their behalf by officials on the advice of the PMO

13 Role of Officials/PMO (FP) Casework Review all annual reports/MHO reports/care plans/risk assessment/CPA minutes etc Review all reports of adverse incidents Patient reviews – every 6 months-2 years –Review file and recent reports –Discuss case with RMO/MHO and other team members –Interview patient with RMO/team members/advocacy –Discuss issues with case workers –Produce written report for file, RMO/MHO and MWC

14 Role of PMO (FP)/Officials (cont) Available to discuss issues/advise clinical team members by telephone Attend CPA meetings as required Attend branch meetings/CORO meetings/meetings with SGLD and Counsel Out-of-hours on call for reporting of adverse incidents/permission for emergency suspension of detention

15 Role of PMO (FP)/Officials (cont) Advice to SMs/Decisions taken on behalf of SMs State Hospital outings Suspension of Detention outwith hospital grounds (decisions on life sentence prisoners always taken personally by SMs) Transfers between hospitals and units (decisions on transfers to lower level of security always taken by SMs Transfers from hospital to prison

16 Role of PMO (FP)/Officials (cont) Cross border transfers (decisions always taken by SMs when drop in level of security) Variation of conditions of discharge Recall from conditional discharge Advise re Position Statements in cases referred to/applications/appeals to MHT to reflect risk Advise re media enquiries/press statements/Parliamentary Questions etc Advise re Parole Board reviews Provide training events at SAH and available to assist teams in provision of training locally

17 CPA in practice Multi-agency working vital via CPA Risk Assessment Documentation should be prepared prior to CPA with contribution from all relevant agencies Risk Management/ Contingency Plan traffic light Flowchart for information sharing Patient engagement Risk Assessment Tools and understanding between agencies of the tools each use More than just High, Medium or Low risk Risk Assessments should be ongoing Planning and Contingency Planning vital

18 Scottish Ministers’ expectations of CPA Contact details of multi-agency representatives incl police and CPNs (as they are part of reporting process now); MHO attendance note of meeting (currently not included in all CPA paperwork); pre-CPA where appropriate with 3rd party notes/victim info; details of offence; schedule 1 notification; sex offender;

19 Scottish Ministers’ expectations of CPA date of first statutory review; date of next CPA review date; MAPPA notification/referral made. MHO representation as integral part of team police rep involved where appropriate. traffic light risk assessment/management and contingency plan including risk of abscond Informing restricted patient team when “red” or “amber” incidents occur Dedicated CPA co-ordinator

20 Police role Police have two key roles in relation to management of restricted patients: Sharing information to help the responsible authority (Health) assess and manage risk appropriately To help address community safety issues when patients are moving towards spending time in the community or discharge to the community

21 Police engagement with CPA Police engagement Admission – allows suitable police liaison officer to be identified and will assist with gathering of intelligence of the risk assessment process When consideration of escorted/unescorted or in certain circumstances escorted leave within hospital grounds Prior to accommodation being identified for patient progressing towards conditional discharge When a breach of condition occurs or if a patient is recalled Any other occasion when it can be demonstrated that a police officer’s presence is essential

22 MAPPA referrals Consideration of unescorted SUS incl within hospital grounds At point when accommodation identified and progressing towards CD Recommendation for revocation of CO or RO or CD

23 Conditional Discharge Subject to conditions ie residence, supervision, structure, drug/alcohol testing, Can have condition must not enter specific area (ie if victim concerns) Ministers may recommend conditions to MHT but ultimately decision for MHT Ministers may vary conditions of discharge whilst patient is on CD ie either relax or strengthen

24 Anonymised case For the index offence Mr X was found with a replica gun and 24 wraps of heroin. He had a previous conviction for assault to severe injury – charge reduced from attempted murder - by stabbing. Diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia and personality disorder He was admitted to State Hospital before being transferred to local facility and conditionally discharged. He was recalled from CD after misusing drugs and becoming psychotic (18 months) – subsequently admitted to using flushing kits He was re-CD’d and has been in community for nearly 2 years

25 Anonymised case (cntd) He continually pushes at boundaries. In 2010 he tested positive for illicit substances His attendance at structured activities declined – partly because of unwillingness to attend and also because of the closure of one of the projects Jan 2011 his OT reported he continued to deflect/avoid her – contact stopped but restarted again April 2011 tested positive for illicit substances and admitted to accruing a gambling debt

26 Anonymised case (contd) June 2011 PMO noted marked persecutory tone June 2011 RMO stopped medication Refused to give urine sample in August Refused to give urine sample in September October – RMO described patient suffering headaches, palpitations, rashes, allergies, chest pain, jaw clenching and a number of stressors including owing money, difficulties in relationships and illnesses in family Urgent CPA meeting held – what would you recommend?

27 Memorandum of Procedure An essential reference document for those involved with the management and care of restricted patients The MOP also sets out information in relation to certain patients subject to other types of mental health orders It is not intended as an authoritative interpretation of the law

28 Updated MOP Executive Summary focusing on clinical governance, events influencing policy etc New guidance on risk assessment and management produced in conjunction with the Risk Management Authority Incorporation of MAPPA guidance Updated legal guidance following JK, MM, Gatt and Fallon Updated CPA guidance incorporating suspension of detention and dispensing with the old Annex B2 and B3 forms New reporting forms for the RMO and MHO including new reporting role for CPNs Mock RMO annual reports and MHO reports

29 Role of MHO A MHO is a qualified and experienced social worker MHOs are also expected to have undertaken some level of forensic MHO training A restricted patient must have a designated MHO at all stages of their care The MHO provides reports annually – see P for example of Mock MHO report in MOP Attendance at clinical team meetings Attendance at Care Programme Approach meetings

30 Role of MHO (cntd) In hospital – Explain to the patient their rights in relation to advocacy Explain to the patient their rights in relation to legal representation Explain the Tribunal process to the patient Explain the role of the named person and their right to receive full Tribunal papers Liaise with community services Contribute to risk assessment and risk management planning and consideration of SUS

31 Role of MHOs (cntd) CORO patients on conditional discharge Any breach of CD should trigger consideration of recall or other appropriate action Monthly/3 monthly reports (MHO supervisor form) Annual report

32 Role of MHO (cntd) It would also be good practice for MHOs to: Ensure the named persons have an understanding of the reasons for the patient’s detention Ensure named person understands that they will receive background details of index offence which may be distressing Support named person to sensitive nature of papers and how they may store and dispose of them Advise others of any changes relating to the named person

33 Reporting by MHOs Includes CD details –Date of CD –Reporting interval –Any changes to patient’s social circumstances Meetings since last report –Dates of CPA meetings Contact with patient –Dates –Compliance

34 Reporting by MHOs (Cntd) Risk Management –Date of recent update –Issues re drugs/alcohol/management Other relevant issues

35 Training Restricted Patient team run training events which cover: The role of Scottish Ministers, Officials, Principal Medical Officer (Forensic) and the multi-disciplinary team a presentation on the legal tests set out in S193 of the Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 Memorandum of Procedure/MAPPA/Role of police – see - an opportunity to meet the restricted patient team – events on 4 October and 27 February 2013

36 Training cntd SG RC&MHD web page provides a package of training materials which include – Overview of MDO policy and care pathway Brief Outline of Criminal Justice system MHO reports for court Case studies Risk Management Training Material S193 legal tests

37 Some reasons why training for MHOs is important Recommendation from the RMA Training should be developed and provided to multidisciplinary teams including: –Management of MDOs; risk assessment and management; managing restricted patients (use of the MOP); and multidisciplinary working Mr L & Mr M Inquiry concluded that there were clear deficiencies within the training and supervision of the FCPNs and Social Workers working with restricted patients.

38 Mr L & Mr M (cntd) The Social Work Department must ensure that these social workers have the necessary competencies and training to carry out their supervisory function. In the Inquiry’s view, this includes mental state and risk assessment skills, as well as generic social work skills.

39 MWC inquiry into the care and treatment of Mr F Report found that patient had received good care and treatment for alcohol but illness undertreated The team’s closeness to his case did not allow them to recognise the true extent of his psychosis or the level of risk Complexity of patient’s care needs and risks indicated a clear role for use of CPA

40 Care and Treatment of Peter Bryan “If any single lesson can be learned from the analysis of the care of Peter Bryan, it should be that responsibility for managing and treating Section 37/41 Mental health Act 1983 (MHA) patients should only be given to professionals who have sufficient experience and training to look after such individuals”

41 Peter Bryan Homicide Peter Bryan was a restricted patient on conditional discharge at the time of the killing of Brian Cherry In March 1993 he had killed NS, the 21-year-old daughter of his employer by hitting her over the head with a hammer and received a Hospital Order and Restriction Order Other than a couple of minor incidents during his 7 years at Rampton Hospital, Peter Bryan had not displayed any signs of aggressive or violent behaviour On 28 March 2001 a Tribunal concluded that he could be CD’d and deferred discharge to allow package to be put in place In July 2001 he was transferred to medium security In February 2002 he was conditionally discharged

42 Homicide (cntd) On 17 February 2004 Peter Bryan killed Brian Cherry. In April 2004, just ten days after being transferred to Broadmoor Hospital following the homicide, Peter Bryan killed a fellow patient, This Inquiry investigated only the homicide of Brian Cherry. A separate Inquiry Panel investigated the homicide of Richard Loudwell “When he is relapsing he can appear relatively free of symptoms much of the time…In my view, this is a measure of how, when psychotic, he can appear relatively normal while remaining capable of extreme and unpredictable violence.”

43 General PB did not display the usual signs of schizophrenia, signs were subtle and he appeared to behave normally even when seriously unwell RMO had caseload of about 70 patients on enhanced CPA and responsibility for 14/15 inpatients Social worker had only 5 months experience as a general social worker and no training in mental health His role was described as “more like a mentor” The CPN was isolated from the rest of the team and not part of the general CMHT

44 General (Cntd) Panel found there was a lack of effective management of PB in community Had PB been under care of CMHT overall focus of assessment and intervention would have been on controlling his behaviour rather than attempting to normalise it and the threshold was likely to have been much lower for signs of risk or relapse Despite being compliant he constantly complained about conditions of CD Mixing with people marginalised by society and not warned of dangers RMO, despite telling patient it would not be appropriate to reduce medication, allowed himself to be persuaded and did so despite going on holiday for 5 weeks The hostel described PB’s bedroom “as a schizophrenic bedroom”

45 General (Cntd) Continued to manipulate events, behaviour more erratic, sleep pattern disturbed Tested positive for amphetamines CPN concerns about relapse; hostel raised more concern about state of bedroom, he was challenging everything Admitted to smoking cannabis Serious allegation of sexual assault by a 17 year old female All concerns appear to have been considered individually and none of professionals took overview of the cumulative effective Despite serious allegation of indecent assault no attempt was made by CPN or SW to see PB immediately Home Office not told about the allegations

46 Recommendations A number of the recommendations would be met in Scotland by the use of CPA and MAPPA On every handover the diagnosis of a restricted patient should be reviewed specifically to include co-morbidity (in particular PD and substance misuse) Training should include specific training on the effective management of restricted patients

47 Useful web links MOP: Working version is available on /0 Forensic Managed Care Network Risk Management Authority Report on Risk Assessment and Management of RPs at Version 5 of MAPPA guidance 4/ /0 4/ /0

48 Angiolina Foster Directorate for Health & Social Care Integration Geoff Huggins Head of Division Dr Tom White PMO – Forensic Psychiatry Rosie Toal Team Leader Audrey Montgomery Secretary Jenny McNeill Me-Z Senior Casework Manager Nova Brown H-Ma (incl Mc) Senior Casework Manager Ian Taylor A-G Senior Casework Manager Martin McPheeley Casework Manager Lorraine Whigham Casework Manager Eleanor Smith Casework Officer Noelle Perrett Casework Officer Jenny Craigie Casework Manager Adrian Sutherland Casework Officer


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