Presentation on theme: "MODERN AUDITING 7th Edition William C. Boynton California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo Raymond N. Johnson Portland State University."— Presentation transcript:
MODERN AUDITING 7th Edition William C. Boynton California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo Raymond N. Johnson Portland State University Walter G. Kell University of Michigan Developed by: Gregory K. Lowry, MBA, CPA Saint Paul’s College John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
CHAPTER 1 AUDITING AND THE PUBLIC ACCOUNTING PROFESSION u Introduction to Contemporary Auditing u The Public Accounting Profession: A Historical Perspective u CPA Vision Project u Services Performed by CPA Firms u Organizations Associated with the Public Accounting Profession u Regulatory Framework for Ensuring Quality Services
Auditing Defined Auditing is a systematic process of objectively obtaining and evaluating evidence regarding assertions about economic actions and events to ascertain the degree of correspondence between those assertions and established criteria and communicating the results to interested users.
Comparative Summary of Types of Audits Figure 1-1
Types of Auditors 1. Independent Auditors 2. Internal Auditors 3. Government Auditors
The Roots of Auditing u The beginning of the company audit can be linked to British legislation during the industrial revolution in the mid-1800s. u The British influence migrated to the United States in the late 1800s as English and Scottish investors sent their own auditors to check on the condition of American companies in which they had heavily invested.
Rise of the U.S. Profession 1896 New York became the first state to pass legislation providing for the licensing of CPAs The AICPA was established All 48 states had passed CPA- licensing legislation The NYSE began requiring all listed corporations to obtain an audit certificate from an independent CPA.
Rise of the U.S. Profession 1934 The passage of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 added to the demand for audit services for publicly owned companies. 1940s 3 important important changes in audit practice had evolved. 1980s The required knowledge in all professional fields was growing rapidly.
1980s The accounting profession developed new attestation standards. 1990s A time of transition began for both the accounting and auditing professions. Rise of the U.S. Profession
CPA Vision Project Figure 1-2 Vision Statement CPAs are trusted professionals who enable people and organizations to shape their future. Combining insight with integrity, CPAs deliver value by: 1. Communicating the total picture with clarity and objectivity, 2. Translating complex information into critical knowledge, 3. Anticipating and creating opportunities, and 4. Designing pathways that transform vision into realities. Core Purpose CPAs... Making sense out of a changing and complex world.
CPA Vision Project Figure 1-2 Vision Elements
The Accountant’s Value Chain Figure 1-3 Business Events Data Information Knowledge Decisions Communicating the Total Picture Transforming Complex Information into Knowledge Anticipating and Creating Opportunities Transforming Vision into Reality
Universe of CPA Services Figure 1-4 International Technology Audit/Attestation Compilation Financial Planning Consulting Assurance
Assurance Services are independent professional services that improve the quality of information, or its context, for decision makers. 1. Auditing 2. Risk assessment services 3. Performance measurement services 4. Elder care assurance 5. Accounting and compilation services Services Performed by CPA Firms
Attest Services are ones in which the CPA firm issues a written communication that expresses a conclusion about the reliability of a written assertion that is the responsibility of another party. 1. Audit service 2. Examination 3. Review 4. Agreed-upon procedures Services Performed by CPA Firms
Organizations Associated with the Public Accounting Profession Figure 1-5
1. Standard Setting — Quality Control Standards 2. Firm Regulation 3. Self-Regulation a. Division for CPA Firms b. Quality Review Division 4. Government Regulation Regulatory Framework for Ensuring Quality Services
Quality Control Elements 1. Independence, Integrity, and Objectivity 2. Personnel Management 3. Acceptance and Continuance of Clients and Engagements 4. Engagement Performance 5. Monitoring
CHAPTER 1 AUDITING AND THE PUBLIC ACCOUNTING PROFESSION
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