# 12 TH STANDARD PHYSICS EFFECTS OF ELECTRIC CURRENT Prepared by: R.RAJENDRAN, M.A., M.Sc., M.Ed., N. INGARAN, M.Sc., M.Phil.,M.Ed.,

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12 TH STANDARD PHYSICS EFFECTS OF ELECTRIC CURRENT Prepared by: R.RAJENDRAN, M.A., M.Sc., M.Ed., N. INGARAN, M.Sc., M.Phil.,M.Ed.,

1. The electric iron works on the principle of ………… effect of current. a) thermo electric b) Joule’s heating c) Peltier d) magnetic CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

2. The melting point of tungsten is ……………………… o C. a) 3000 b) 4000 c) 3380 d) 4380 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

3. Fuse wire has high resistance and ……………………… melting point. a) high b) low c) zero d) infinity CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

4. The thermo emf is maximum at a temperature called …………temperature. a) neutral b) inversion c) critical d) Kelvin CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

5. The unit of Peltier coefficient is ……………………… a) ampere b) ohm c) volt d) mho CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

6. Thomson effect is zero for ……………………… a) copper c) iron c) mercury d) lead CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

7. The unit of Thomson coefficient is ……………………… a) ampere b) volt /  C c) volt d) ohm CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

8. Thermopile is a device used to detect ………………………. a) light intensity b) sound intensity c) thermal radiations d) current CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

9. The equation for the magnetic induction at the centre of the current carrying circular ring is B = ………… a) μ 0 nI / 2a b) 2a / μ 0 nI c) μ 0 nI / a d) 2μ 0 nI / a CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

10. Tangent galvanometer works on the principle of ……………………… a) Ampere rule b) Maxwell’s right hand rule c) end rule d) tangent law CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

11. The reduction factor of T.G. is given by the equation ……………………… a) μ 0 nI / 2a b) 2a / μ 0 nI c) 2aBh/ μ 0 n d) μ 0 n / 2aBh CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

12. The magnitude of Lorentz force is F = ………………………. a) Bqv cosθ b) Bqv tanθ c) Bqv secθ d) Bqv sinθ CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

13. The torque on a current carrying coil is maximum when the coil is ………………… to the magnetic field. a) parallel b) perpendicular c) inclined at an angle d) none of the above CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

14. The deflection per unit voltage is called ……………sensitivity of a galvanometer. a) current b) voltage c) resistance d) conductance CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

15. An ideal voltmeter is which has ……………………… resistance. a) zero b) infinite c) minimum d) maximum CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

16. The product of the current and the loop area is called ………………………. a) dipole intensity b) magnetic dipole moment c) permeability d) permittivity CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

17. The value of the gyromagnetic ratio is ……………………… C kg -1. a) 8.8 × 10 10 b) 9.27 × 10 -24 c) 4.8 × 10 10 d) 1.602 × 10 -19 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

18. The magnetic field in a moving coil galvanometer is the …… magnetic field. a) perpendicular b) radial c) crossed d) non-uniform CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

19. The equation for force on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field is F = ……… a) Bqv b) navd e c) Blv d) BIL CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

20. Lawrence devised ……………………… a) cyclotron b) van de graff generator c) ac generator d) galvanometer CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

21. For a given thermocouple, ……………… temperature is a constant. a) neutral b) inversion c) critical d) Kelvin CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

22. Peltier effect is the converse of ……………………… effect. a) Thomson b) Ampere c) Seebeck d) Joule’s heating CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

23. In transformers, dynamos ……………………… effect is undesirable. a) Thomson b) Ampere c) Seebeck d) Joule’s heating CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

24. At the temperature of inversion, the thermo emf is ………………… a) minimum b) maximum c) zero d) infinity CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

25. Thermal energy may be used to produce an emf. This is called …… effect. a) Joule’s law of heating b) photoelectric effect c) Peltier effect d) thermoelectric CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

26. Joule’s law of heating is given by the equation H = ………………………. a) I 2 t b) V 2 Rt c) VIt d) IR 2 t CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

27. The alloy of nickel and chromium is called ………………………. a) brass b) bronze c) silver d) nichrome CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

28. The relation between the thermo emf and the temperature is V = ……………… a) αθ b) αθ + ½βθ 2 c) ½βθ 2 d) αθ + βθ 2 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

29. The amount of heat absorbed or evolved at one junction in Peltier effect is H = ……………………… a) I 2 t b) πIt c) VIt d) IR 2 t CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

30. Sn, Au, Ag, Zn, Cd, Sb show ……………………… effect. a) Negative Thomson b) Positive Thomson c) Seebeck d) Joule’s heating CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

31. Bi, Ni, Pt, Co, Fe, Hg show ……………………… effect. a) Negative Thomson b) Positive Thomson c) Seebeck d) Joule’s heating CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

32. Seebeck effect is a ……………………… process. a) magnetic b) reversible c) irreversible d) electromagnetic CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

33. The thermo emf produced in Bi- Ag thermo couple is …Bi-Sb thermo couple. a) larger than b) smaller than c) equal d) none of the above CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

34. Peltier coefficient depends on pair of metals in contact and the………. of the junction. a) voltage b) resistance c) temperature d) none of the above CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

35. The unit of the magnetic induction is ………………………. a) ampere b) ohm c) volt d) tesla CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

36. The magnetic induction due to infinitely long straight conductor carrying current is B = ………………………. a) μ 0 I / 2a b) 2a / μ 0 nI c) 2aBh/ μ 0 n d) μ 0 I / 2πa CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

37. Around a current carrying conductor magnetic field is associated. This was observed by ……………………… a) Ampere b) Oersted c) Ohm d) Faraday CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

38. Tangent galvanometer is most sensitive for a deflection of ………………………. a) 30 degree b) 45 degree c) 60 degree d) 90 degree CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

39. Tangent law is B = ……………………… a) BH Tan θ b) BH Sec θ c) BH Sin θ d) BH Cot θ CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

40. ……………………… law can be written as ∫ B. dl = μ o I o. a) Maxwell’s right hand b) Ampere’ circuital c) Seebeck d) Joule’s heating CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

41. When a charged particle moves in a circular path in a magnetic field, the time period is T = ………………………. a) Bq / 2m b) 2m / Bq c) 2πm / Bq d) Bq / 2πm CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

42. The torque on a rectangular coil of wire in a magnetic field is …………………… a) nBIA tanθ b) nBIA cosθ c) nBIA sinθ d) nBIA secθ CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

43. The deflection per unit current is called ……………………… sensitivity of a galvanometer. a) current b) voltage c) resistance d) conductance CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

44. The current sensitivity is given by ( θ / I ) = ………………………. a) nCB / I b) nBAC c) BIl d) nBA / C CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

45. To convert a galvanometer in to an ammeter, a …… resistance is connected in parallel with the galvanometer. a) low c) infinite c) high d) very high CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

46. To convert a galvanometer in to a voltmeter, a ………… resistance is connected in series with the galvanometer. a) low b) very small c) high d) zero CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

47. Bohr magneton value is ……………………… Am2. a) 8.8 X 10 10 b) 9.27 X 10 -24 c) 4.8 X 10 10 d) 1.602 X 10 -19 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

48. A current of 0.2 A flows through a circular loop of area 10 cm 2. The magnetic dipole moment is ………… Am 2 a) 9.27 X 10 -24 b) 8.8 X 10 10 c) 2 X 10 - 4 d) 2 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

49. In TG, a current of 1A produces a deflection of 30 . The current that produces a deflection of 60  is ……… A. a) 2 b) 3 c) 5 d) 1 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

50. The resistance of the tungsten wire of a 100W,220V bulb is ………………… ohm. a) 2.2 b) 220 c) 100 d) 484 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

51. Joule’s law of heating is (a) (b) H = V 2 Rt (c) H = VIt (d) H = IR 2 t CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

52. Nichrome wire is used as the heating element because it has (a) low specific resistance (b) low melting point (c) high specific resistance (d) high conductivity CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

53. Peltier coefficient at a junction of a thermocouple depends on (a) the current in the thermocouple (b) the time for which current flows (c ) the temperature of the junction (d) the charge that passes through the thermocouple CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

54. In a thermocouple, the temperature of the cold junction is 20  C, the neutral temperature is 270  C. The temperature of inversion is (a) 520  C (b) 540  C (c) 500  C (d) 510  C CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

55. Which of the following equations represents Biot-savart law? (a)(b) (c)(d) CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

56. Magnetic induction due to an infinitely long straight conductor placed in a medium of permeability μ is (a) (b) (c) (d) CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

57. In a tangent galvanometer, for a constant current, the deflection is 30 . The plane of the coil is rotated through 90 . Now, for the same current, the deflection will be (a) 30  (b) 60  (c) 90  (d) 0  CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

58. The period of revolution of a charged particle inside a cyclotron does not depend on (a) the magnetic induction (b) the charge of the particle (c) the velocity of the particle (d) the mass of the particle CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

59. The torque on a rectangular coil placed in a uniform magnetic field is large, when (a) the number of turns is large (b) the number of turns is less (c) the plane of the coil is perpendicular to the field (d) the area of the coil is small CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

60. Phosphor – bronze wire is used for suspension in a moving coil galvanometer, because it has (a) high conductivity (b) high resistivity (c) large couple per unit twist (d) small couple per unit twist CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

61. Of the following devices, which has small resistance? (a) moving coil galvanometer (b) ammeter of range 0 – 1A (c) ammeter of range 0–10 A (d) voltmeter CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

62. A galvanometer of resistance G Ω is shunted with S Ω.The effective resistance of the combination is Ra. Then, which of the following statements is true? (a) G is less than S (b) S is less than Ra but greater than G. (c) Ra is less than both G and S (d) S is less than both G and Ra CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

63. An ideal voltmeter has (a) zero resistance (b) finite resistance less than G but greater than Zero (c) resistance greater than G but less than infinity (d) infinite resistance CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

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