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DISCOVERING BIBLE PROPHECY (Presented by the Christadelphians) 4. Prophecies of Daniel (2)
Week No. Seminar Topic 1Introduction to Prophecy 2Prophecies concerning Jesus Christ 3Prophecies of Daniel (1) 4Prophecies of Daniel (2) 5Prophecies concerning the Jews and Israel (1) 6Prophecies concerning the Jews and Israel (2) 7Prophecies concerning the future of the world (1) 8Prophecies concerning the future of the world (2)
Revision - Daniel Chapter 2 The Framework of Bible Prophecy
Daniel Chapter 2 HEAD OF GOLD - Babylon, overthrown by Medo-Persia 536BC Babylon BREAST AND ARMS OF SILVER - Medo-Persia, overthrown by Greece 332BC Medo-Persia BELLY AND THIGHS OF BRASS -The Grecian Empire. Further details are given in Daniel ch. 8 & 11 Greece LEGS OF IRON - The Roman Empire. Further details are given in Daniel ch. 7,8 &11 Rome
“ the kingdom shall be divided ” (Dan 2:41) Divided Rome (Europe)
“ In the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed ” (Daniel 2:44) Feet of Iron & Clay – Divided Rome (Europe)
The Stone = Jesus Christ Matthew 21:42-44 Psalm 118:22-23 Acts 4:10-11 Ephesians 2:20 Mark 12:10 Luke 20:17 1 Peter 2:7-8
“ And the Stone... Became a great mountain Filled the whole Earth. ” (Dan 2:35) Speaks of the Return of Jesus Christ to the Earth
Daniel Chapter 7 The Beast & the Little Horn
“And four great beasts came up from the sea, different from one another” (Dan 7:3)
The Great Sea: This is the ancient name for the Mediterranean Sea. “And it came to pass when all the kings who were on this side of the Jordan, in the hills and in the lowland and in all the coasts of the Great Sea toward Lebanon...” Bible Symbols The Great Sea
Beasts: The term “Beasts” represents Kingdoms. “Those great beasts, which are four, are four kings...” (Dan 7:17) Bible Symbols These kings represent 4 major kingdoms as indicated in the following verse “The fourth beast shall be a fourth kingdom on earth, which shall be different from all other kingdoms... ” (Dan 7:23)
Horns: Represent kingdoms springing up from the fourth “beast” kingdom, “The ten horns are ten kings who shall arise from this kingdom.” (Dan 7:24) Bible Symbols
Assyria / Babylon: “Israel is like scattered sheep; The lions have driven him away. First the king of Assyria devoured him; Now at last this Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has broken his bones.” (Jeremiah 50:17) Wings plucked off: Man’s heart given to the lion: 1 st Beast - Like a Lion
Medo-Persia: It was raised up on one side - First ruled by the Medes but then dominated by the Persians. (cp Dan 8:20 - “One horn was higher than the other”) Three ribs in its mouth - The three regions conquered (Egypt, Lydia & Babylon) which were ruled by three governors - see Dan 6:2). It devoured much flesh: Referring to the large territories it conquered. 2nd Beast - Like a Bear
Greece: Had 4 wings of a bird: The beast also had 4 heads: 1) Lysimachus, 2) Cassander, 3)Seleucus, 4) Ptolemy 3rd Beast - Like a Leopard
“ The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom on earth ” (Dan 7:23)
Rome: Dreadful & terrible, exceedingly strong - “And the fourth kingdom shall be as strong as iron.” (Dan 2:40) It had huge iron teeth - Corresponds to the iron kingdom in Daniel 2. Devouring, breaking in pieces: Reflected by the huge territory it conquered. 4th Beast - Dreadful Beast It stamped the residue with its feet - refers to the conquering of the Persian territories (Not yet fulfilled!)
“ And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise ” (Dan 7:24) Divided Rome (Europe)
10 horns of the 4 th Beast The Beast (before 476AD):
10 horns of the 4 th Beast The Beast (after 476AD):
A Very Important Point! How long will the 4 th Beast last for? (see Dan 7:11, 21-22, 26-27) Answer: Until the coming of Jesus Christ
The beasts referred to in the book of Revelation are the various phases of the 4 th Beast in Daniel. Book of Revelation - Some points A book of signs & symbols. (see Rev 1:1) Prophecy of events from 96AD to the Return of Jesus and beyond.
Bible Echoes - Daniel/Revelation 4 th Beast in Daniel 7 Rose from the sea (v3) Had 10 horns (v7) Incorporated the dominions of Lion, Bear & Leopard. Had a mouth speaking great words against God (v25) Made war with the saints (v21) Torments for 1260 days (v25) Beast in Revelation 13 Rose from the sea (v1) Had 10 horns (v1) Had characteristics of a leopard, Bear’s feet, Lions mouth (v2) Had a mouth speaking blasphemy (v5) Made war with the saints (v7) Torments for 42 months (v5)
Book of Revelation - The Woman Woman represents the Church (Ecclesia) - “For I have betrothed you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ” (2Cor11:2) The woman becomes corrupted: - Pure to begin with. (2 Cor 11:2) - No longer a virgin - is with child. (Rev 12:2) - Became a Harlot who rides on the beast. (Rev 17:1-6, 9, 18:9)
“ I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the roots. And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words. ” (Dan 7:8) The Little Horn of the Beast
Identifying the Little Horn “ Another horn – a little one ” (Dan 7:8) This 11th horn was to come up among the other 10 horns, representing a major power which would be centred in Europe after the division of Rome in 476AD.
Identifying the Little Horn It was different to the other horns (Dan 7:8) This horn had eyes and a mouth (v8) which made it different. It spoke pompous words against the Most High (Dan 7:25) This statement indicates that this horn is a Religious power. The only power in history which answers to this description is that of the Papacy, culminating in what was known as the Holy Roman Empire.
The Holy Roman Empire in the 9th Century A.D.
Identifying the Little Horn More Evidence It came up among the other horns (Dan 7:8) This occurred in the year 529AD which was after the 10 horns had emerged. The Papacy had its true beginning in Europe when the Roman Emperor Justinian (based in the East at Constantinople) proclaimed the Bishop of Rome as "Universal" (Catholic) bishop.
Identifying the Little Horn More Evidence Its appearance was greater than the other horns (Dan7:20) This new horn actually became greater than all the other horns. The Papacy reached its climax during the period of "The Holy Roman Empire". This took place when the Frankish (German) King, Charlemagne was crowned "Emperor" by Pope Leo III in the year 799AD. This made the Pope and the Emperor co-rulers in the Holy Roman Empire". This large kingdom lasted for 1000 years declining after the French Revolution.
It plucked 3 of the 10 Horns (Dan 7:8) The Papacy, in the name of God, influenced armies to destroy any religious and political opposition to it. The three horns destroyed (all which had Arian beliefs) were: - The Vandals by Justinian in 534AD. - The Ostrogoths by Justinian in 555AD. - The Lombards by Charlemagne in 774AD. Identifying the Little Horn More Evidence
Identifying the Little Horn More Evidence It would persecute the saints of the Most High (Dan 7:25) The Papacy, with the backing of the Holy Roman Empire, tortured and put to death anyone who opposed its teaching. The "Spanish Inquisition" and the Massacre of the Hugenots in France in 1572AD were just some examples of this persecution.
It would make war on the saints
It would make war on the saints
It would make war on the saints William Tyndale - Strangled and burned for translating the Bible into English. “And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus...” (Rev 17:6)
“ And here is the mind which has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sits. ” (Rev 17:9) The Seven Hills of Rome: Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine, and Palatine hills Rome identified
The Number of the Beast Vicarivs Filii Dei (Latin - “Vicar of the Son of God“) = 666 Lateinos (Greek - “ Latin Man”) = 666 Dux Cleri (Latin - Signature of the Pope) = 666 “ Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666. “ (Revelation 13:18)
“ I watched till the beast was slain, and its body destroyed and given to the burning flame. ” (Dan 7:11) Future War - Christ vs the 4 th Beast Fulfilment in Revelation: “The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority for one hour as kings with the beast.... These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful.” (Rev 17:13-15)
The Kingdom of God is established Bible Echo “ Then the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people, the saints of the Most High. His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him ” (Dan 7:27) “ The Kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever! ” (Revelation 11:15)