11Captain William Snelgrave 1754 Correct.Click here for the next question.Europe‘Never can so much misery be found condensed in so small a place as in a slave ship during the middle passage’William WilberforceTheCaribbean IslandsAfricaMiddle PassageEnslaved Africans“This trade was so considerable that, while it was in a flourishing state, there were above 20,000 Negroes yearly exported from Guinea Coast.”Captain William Snelgrave 1754
12Which journey was known as the outward passage? Click the letter….EuropeABTheCaribbean IslandsCAfrica
14Click here for the next question. Correct.Click here for the next question.EuropeOutward PassageShips known as ‘slavers’ left British ports such as London, Bristol and Liverpool for West Africa loaded with trade goods. These would include guns, gunpowder and ammunition, brass and ironware, alcohol, cotton cloth, glass beads and trinkets..TheCaribbean IslandsAfricaMiddle Passage
15What was carried on the ships sailing from Europe to Africa? Click the answer….EuropeOutward PassageTheCaribbean IslandsAfricaMiddle PassageManufactured GoodsEnslaved PeopleRaw Materials
20Click here for the next question. Correct.Click here for the next question.EuropeHomeward PassageOutward PassageTheCaribbean IslandsAfricaMiddle Passage
21What was carried on the ships sailing from The Caribbean to Europe? Click the answer….EuropeHomeward PassageOutward PassageTheCaribbean IslandsAfricaMiddle PassageManufactured GoodsEnslaved PeopleRaw Materials
23Correct. Click here. Europe The Caribbean Islands Africa Raw MaterialsHomeward PassageManufactured GoodsOutward PassageTheCaribbean IslandsAfricaMiddle PassageEnslaved AfricansIn 1783 the Pinney’s Mountravers plantation on the island of Nevis was producing about 30,000 kg of sugar a year and 33,000 litres of rum.
24The hard labour of enslaved Africans led to great wealth and riches for European countries, particularly Britain which traded in sugar, tobacco and cotton produced by slaves on plantations. .EuropeRaw MaterialsHomeward PassageManufactured GoodsOutward PassageTheCaribbean IslandsAfricaMiddle PassageEnslaved Africans
25Triangle Trade North America Molasses Rum, weapons The Carribean AfricaSlaves
38The hard labour of enslaved Africans led to great wealth and riches for European countries, particularly Britain which traded in sugar, tobacco and cotton produced by slaves on plantations. .EuropeRaw MaterialsHomeward PassageManufactured GoodsOutward PassageTheCaribbean IslandsAfricaMiddle PassageEnslaved Africans
40This engraving, entitled An African man being inspected for sale into slavery while a white man talks with African slave traders, appeared in the detailed account of a former slave ship captain and was published in 1854.
41What happened to each of the women above, and why did it happen? “The men who fastened irons on the mothers took the children out of their hands and threw them over the side of the ship into the water. Two of the women leaped overboard after the children…One of the two women…was carried down by the weight of her irons before she could be rescued; but the other was taken up by some men in a boat and brought on board. This woman threw herself overboard one night when we were at sea.”Source: The African American Experience. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Globe Book Company,What happened to each of the women above, and why did it happen?One woman drowned trying to save her baby after it was thrown overboard. The other woman, who had also jumped overboard to save her baby, was rescued. However, she later jumped overboard again, committing suicide.
42The slave ship Brookes with 482 people packed onto the decks The slave ship Brookes with 482 people packed onto the decks. The drawing of the slave ship Brookes was distributed by the Abolitionist Society in England as part of their campaign against the slave trade, and dates from 1789.
43Interior of a Slave Ship, a woodcut illustration from the publication, A History of the Amistad Captives, reveals how hundreds of slaves could be held within a slave ship. Tightly packed and confined in an area with just barely enough room to sit up, slaves were known to die from a lack of breathable air.
44Africans were crowded and chained cruelly aboard slave ships.
45THIS is the Vessel that had the Small-Pox on Board at the Time of her Arrival the 31st of March last: Every necessary Precaution hath since been taken to cleanse both Ship and Cargo thoroughly, so that those who may be inclined to purchase need not be under the least Apprehension of Danger from Infliction. The NEGROES are allowed to be the likeliest Parcel that have been imported this Season.
48Africans were crowded and chained cruelly aboard slave ships.
49Diseases, such as dysentery, malaria, and smallpox killed thousands of Africans. From 13% - 20% of the Africans aboard slave ships died during the Middle Passage.Between 1699 and 1845 there were 55 successful African uprisings on slave ships.William Snelgrave, from A New Account of Some Parts of Guinea, and the Slave Trade