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Humanities Schedule  Today – Finish music topics/notes  Wednesday – Early Release – Music Genre research project – bring devices – individual or groups.

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Presentation on theme: "Humanities Schedule  Today – Finish music topics/notes  Wednesday – Early Release – Music Genre research project – bring devices – individual or groups."— Presentation transcript:

1 Humanities Schedule  Today – Finish music topics/notes  Wednesday – Early Release – Music Genre research project – bring devices – individual or groups up to 4 – you will need one poster board per group  Thursday – Practice music Criticism – Music Genre research project (a snow day will not push the project due date back)  Friday – Club day – time to work on genre projects  Monday – genre projects due and presented  Tuesday – practice music criticisms  Wednesday – binder checks – test cards  Thursday – Music Test  Friday – make-up tests

2 Purposes of Music

3 Ceremonial  Music created or performed for rituals or celebrations.  Patriotic Music  Religious Music

4 Examples of Ceremonial music  Bridal Chorus  Hail to the Chief (entrance of the President)  Funerals  Commemorative ceremonies  Graduations  Political events  Holidays  Religious rituals

5 Recreational  Music for entertainment or fun.  Game Songs  Dance or Social Events  For Physical Activities  As a Hobby

6 Recreational  Recreation comes from Latin root “recreatio”, or to restore health  Music therapy – used with all age groups to help those with mental health needs, learning abilities, Alzheimer’s disease, substance abuse, brain injuries, chronic pain, etc.  Recreational music unites people of all age groups, ethnicities, ability, or prior experience

7 Why we want recreational music?  Focuses on the enjoyment and well being of the musician and those who listen  Does not rely on any artistic outcome  Participants are not required to have any training – an outstanding performance is not the purpose, but rather fun and relaxation are desired

8 Examples of Recreational music  Most of what we listen to daily  System of a Down  Lil’ Wayne  Weezer  Journey  CCR  NIRVANA  ….country music….maybe

9 Artistic Expression  Music created with the intent to express or communicate one’s emotions, feelings, ideas, or experiences.  Music performed in a concert setting in front of an audience.

10 Artistic Expression  Unlike recreational, artists of this type are typically classically trained musicians or groups of musicians  Typically composed music  The artistry is determined by the degree of musical perfection  The performer uses all of the elements of music while maintaining a minimum of mistakes in notes, pitch, etc.

11 Examples of music for artistic expression  Bach  Beethoven  Tchaikovsky  Handel  Haydn  Mozart  Wagner

12 Other music terms

13 Syncopation  Sometimes referred to as being “off-beat”  Feels surprising, uncertain, exciting, or just more interesting

14 Syncopation Example 

15 Tempo terms  Accelerando – if the music speeds up  Rallentando or Ritardando – if the music slows down  Largo – slow and broad  Adagio – slow  Andante – “walking”, a medium slow tempo  Moderato – moderate or medium  Allegro – Fast  Vivo (or Vivace) – lively and brisk  Presto – Very fast  Prestissimo – very, very fast

16 Major instrument groups

17 Instruments – Strings  4 stringed instruments commonly used in the modern orchestra:  Violin – highest sound, most numerous  Viola – slightly larger, w/ a deeper and more mellow sound  Cello – much bigger, noticeably lower and deeper sound  Bass – so big the player must sit on a stool or stand to play, has a very low sound  All are usually played by use of a bow, but sometimes played by plucking them

18 Instruments - Woodwinds  4 types commonly used in any modern orchestra  Flute – no reed, high pitched  Oboe – double reed, deeper pitched  Clarinet – single reed, wide range of notes and very versatile  Bassoon – Largest and lowest pitched standard woodwind  All woodwinds are played by blowing into them and using ones fingers to cover various holes to produce notes

19 Instruments - Brass  All made of metal (silver alloy or brass)  Sound produced by “buzzing” the lips against the mouthpiece  Rest of instrument just amplifies and refines the sound  Slides or valves help achieve various notes  4 varieties typically in an orchestra:  Trumpets – small, high pitch  French Horn – more conical and mellower than trumpet  Trombone – only valveless brass instrument, uses a slide  Tuba – largest and lowest sounding

20 Instruments - Percussion  Anything not classified as a string, woodwind, or brass  Mostly various drums or instruments hit by drumsticks or beaters  Drums  Cymbals  Xylophones  Tambourine, triangle, maracas, wood blocks, bells, and scrapers  Piano and various whistles

21 Basic Voice Types  Typical Female voices:  Soprano – highest female voice  Mezzo-soprano – mid-range  Contralto – lowest  Typical Male voices:  Tenor – highest male voice  Baritone – mid-range  Bass – lowest  None of the above are only male or female voice types

22 Voice examples   Example of vocal range 

23 Instruments example  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KWbuO7I2vRE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KWbuO7I2vRE

24 Music Criticism

25 Step 1 - Description  Give simple details such as:  Title  Artist (if it is a cover, name original and current artist)  Length  Year written  Also give :  Subject of song  Instruments used  Type of voice(s)  Genre

26 Step 2 - Analysis  Describe how the elements of music are used (Tempo, melody, harmony, form, timbre, dynamics, and rhythm)  Describe why you think they are used that way

27 Step 3 - Interpretation  What is the mood or meaning  What does the artist do to create them

28 Step 4 – Judgment  There are 5 criteria to base a judgment on: 1. Timbre – quality of tone, range, variety, appeal of musical sounds 2. Expressiveness – interpretation, style, and phrasing 3. Technique – the performers skill 4. Presentation – choice/appropriateness of music – whether the performer meets expectations – Not included on your worksheet – live music only 5. Impact – artist’s charisma – newness (uniqueness) of what you hear – how the artists compares to similar artists you have heard

29 Summary  5-6 sentence summary

30 Music Criticism Practice  The first song we will complete as a group  You will complete the second song on your own

31 Song 1  I’m Yours  Jason Mraz  4:04  2008

32 Song 2  Where’d You Go  Fort Minor  3:51  2005

33 Use Subjective/Objective statements  Objective – Facts  Subjective - Opinion  Never just say “I love it” or “I hate it” without giving reasoning  Always base a subjective statement on an objective statement

34 With a partner…  Listen to the song I play and answer the worksheet completely – remain silent while music is played  Today’s song:  Title: World  Artist: Five for Fighting  Length: 3:53  Date: 2006  Make sure to ask questions so that you are comfortable with this process – it will be on your test  Remember to bring a device and headphones tomorrow

35 Music criticism outlining  Description  Title  Artist  Date  Length  Subject of song  Instruments/types of voice used  Extra artist/genre info (if you have any)  Analysis  Describe how you hear music elements used  Describe why you think they are used that way  Interpretation  What is the mood/meaning  What does the artist do to create them  Judgment 1. Timbre 2. Expressiveness 3. Technique 4. Presentation 5. Impact

36 Look at the picture and…  Think of a type (genre) of music that would accompany it  What would the melody be like (what instrument or type of voice would create it – timbre)?  What would the speed (tempo) be like?  Can you name a specific song that fits your description?


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