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African Instruments: Part 3. Bellwork Define Terms: Define Terms: Jelle: singing Jelle: singing Bira: a shona spirit ceremony where ancestral spirits.

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Presentation on theme: "African Instruments: Part 3. Bellwork Define Terms: Define Terms: Jelle: singing Jelle: singing Bira: a shona spirit ceremony where ancestral spirits."— Presentation transcript:

1 African Instruments: Part 3

2 Bellwork Define Terms: Define Terms: Jelle: singing Jelle: singing Bira: a shona spirit ceremony where ancestral spirits are invited to appear through the body of a spirit medium Bira: a shona spirit ceremony where ancestral spirits are invited to appear through the body of a spirit medium Qenet: tuning system/mode Qenet: tuning system/mode Lalibela: a city in northern Ethiopia where a church is carved from a single stone Lalibela: a city in northern Ethiopia where a church is carved from a single stone

3 Outcomes Scholars will: Scholars will: Grammar: Learn musical terminology and basic facts about African Instruments Grammar: Learn musical terminology and basic facts about African Instruments Logic: Compare and contrast the Egyptian Lute and the West African lute. Logic: Compare and contrast the Egyptian Lute and the West African lute.

4 Announcements African instruments test is on Tuesday Nov. 11 th African instruments test is on Tuesday Nov. 11 th Reading Outline #11 is due today. Reading Outline #11 is due today. Reading Outline #12 is due today in class Reading Outline #12 is due today in class

5 The church carved from one stone

6 St. George Church Lalibela, Ethiopia

7 The four qenets of Ethiopian Music TIZITA C D E G A C This scale name means memory. AMBASEL C C# F G G# C The ambasel scale takes its name from a region. BATI C E F G B C This scale take its name from a city in the Oromia region. ANCHI HOYE C C# F F# A C

8 Mguided Notes Afewerk Tekle, a famous Ethiopian painter gained notoriety for his stained glass windows. Afewerk Tekle, a famous Ethiopian painter gained notoriety for his stained glass windows. A mouse’s head is considered a delicacy in Zimbabwe. A mouse’s head is considered a delicacy in Zimbabwe. The Shona like to give a tricky rhythm to lyrics in sentence form. The Shona like to give a tricky rhythm to lyrics in sentence form. The mbira was played for personal pleasure; for earning income, and for exorcism rituals, weddings, and naming ceremonies. The mbira was played for personal pleasure; for earning income, and for exorcism rituals, weddings, and naming ceremonies.

9 Total Liberation of Africa, Afewerk Tekle

10 A closer look

11 Other paintings by Tekle: Other paintings by Tekle: Demera

12 Pieta

13 Kevorkian

14 String Games This is a children’s game from Ghana. This is a children’s game from Ghana. Since many of the people there are fishermen, this game is called the worm. Since many of the people there are fishermen, this game is called the worm. Take a piece of string and try it! Take a piece of string and try it! If you make your worm correctly, at the end when you pull the string the worm will disappear into the hole. If you make your worm correctly, at the end when you pull the string the worm will disappear into the hole. I’ll walk you through it, and there are directions you may follow as well. I’ll walk you through it, and there are directions you may follow as well.

15 Some situations in which music would be played Reception of the king—court music Return from battle, Rural sport, Preparations for war Embarking on a major hunting expedition,Victory celebrations Worship of Gods, lesser spirits and ancestors Litigation music, The birth of a child The onset of puberty, Initiation rites Betrothal ceremonies, Fisherman songs, Canoe songs Cooperative work songs, Planting Harvesting Cattle raising, Preparing food, Selling in the market Recreational music both formal and informal, Yam Customs

16 Active Listening #5 Muluqen Mellesse - Ete Endenesh Do you remember what the tala (from India) is? Do you remember what the tala (from India) is? How is the instrumental accompaniment similar to the tala? How is the instrumental accompaniment similar to the tala?

17 Listening Example #5 Just the mfacts man. These three genres influenced Ethio-Jazz: These three genres influenced Ethio-Jazz: A dash of Eastern European brass. A dash of Eastern European brass. A sprinkle of African American funk. A sprinkle of African American funk. The modal jazz of John Coltrane. The modal jazz of John Coltrane.

18

19 CFU: Venn Diagram Read pages of Read pages of “Plucked lutes in West Africa: A Historical View” and fill out your venn diagram comparing and contrasting the ancient Egyptian lute and the West African lute.

20 Mguided notes Match the instrument with its country AkadindaUganda AkadindaUganda Mbira Zimbabwe Mbira Zimbabwe Orthodox Chant Ethiopia Orthodox Chant Ethiopia Ballafoo Gambia Ballafoo Gambia

21 Orthodox Chant Video

22 Brass groups who influenced Ethiopian Jazz: Police Orchestra Police Orchestra Imperial Bodyguard Band Imperial Bodyguard Band 40 Children (Arba Lidjotch) Armenian Refugees 40 Children (Arba Lidjotch) Armenian Refugees

23 Active Listening #6 Samuel Yirga What five instruments comprise this ensemble? What five instruments comprise this ensemble? What meter is this in? What meter is this in? How does this sound differ from the earlier Ethio-jazz recordings?

24 Listening Example#6 Just the mfacts man. Yirga uses the mode Yirga uses the mode Samuel Yirga plays the piano Samuel Yirga plays the piano Yirga is from the capitol city of Ethiopia Yirga is from the capitol city of Ethiopia Addis Ababa.

25 Budos Band American Band influenced by Ethio-Jazz American Band influenced by Ethio-Jazz

26 Reading Outline#12 Please complete RO #12 in class and turn it in before you leave today. Please complete RO #12 in class and turn it in before you leave today.

27 Exit Ticket Define Bira: Define Bira: These three brass groups influenced Ethio-jazz These three brass groups influenced Ethio-jazz Tell me two facts about Afewerk Tekle Tell me two facts about Afewerk Tekle What is Yirga’s main instrument? What is Yirga’s main instrument? What are two differences between Egyptian lutes and West African lutes? What are two differences between Egyptian lutes and West African lutes? The Shona like to give a _________ ____________to lyrics in sentence form. The Shona like to give a _________ ____________to lyrics in sentence form.


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