Presentation on theme: "Unit 40: Working and Developing as a Musical Ensemble"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 40: Working and Developing as a Musical Ensemble BTEC Level 3 Subsidiary Diploma in Music (Performing)Unit 40: Working and Developing as a Musical EnsembleTypes of Musical Ensembles
2Types of Musical Ensembles Orchestra Brass Bands Wind Bands Chamber Ensembles Rock/Pop Groups Jazz Groups Folk Bands Gamelan Steel Pan Bands Vocal Groups Early Music Groups
3Orchestras The Orchestra has been around since the 1600’s... MonteverdiThe Orchestra has been around since the 1600’s...Baroque Orchestra:Classical Orchestra:Romantic Orchestra:Today an Orchestra would have over 90 playersThe principal roles within an Orchestra wouldbe the Conductor and the Leader, but in realityevery member of the Orchestra has a pivotal roleto playMozartWagner
5Brass BandsBrass bands have been around since the 1830’s, and have always been linked with the workforceFamously associated with the mining industry, the film Brassed Off shows the struggle of Grimethorpe Colliery Band’s struggle to keep their pit openBrass bands have Cornets, a Flugelhorn, Euphoniums, Trombones, Bass Trombone, Tubas, Tenor Horns, Baritones, and PercussionBrass Band contests take placethroughout the country severaltimes a year. The most famous arethe Saddleworth Brass Band Contest,and the British National Brass BandContest held at the Royal Albert Hall
6Wind Bands An orchestra without the strings! Flutes, Piccolo, Oboes, Clarinets, Bass Clarinet,Alto/Tenor/Baritone Saxophone, Bassoon,Trumpet, Cornets, Horns, Baritones, Trombones,Tubas, and PercussionAssociated with Military Bands, which have been around in some form from the 11th century CrusadesFamous composers of Wind Band music are the Australian Percy Grainger, and the English Ralph Vaughan WilliamsWind Bands also include a lot of film and television music in their repertoire
7Chamber EnsemblesThe term originally meant intimate music for a small group of players usually performed within the home, and has been around since the Middle AgesOriginally just for string instruments, but duringthe 18th century wind instruments were also includedThe String quartet was made popular by Haydn inthe 1750’s . Music for a String quartet usually sharesthe tune between all players, thus making an equal role for allChamber orchestras became popular during the two World Wars, for the simple reason that they were cheaper to hire or run
8Rock GroupsRock music evolved from the blues music brought to north America from the Deep South by African-Americans after World War IILeo Fender was the first to mass-produce the electric guitar in 1948African-American music evolved from motown in the 1960’s to disco and rap in the 1990’sElvis Presley became one of the most popular rock artists of the 20th century, also becoming one of the first artists to be a teenage heartthrob
9Pop GroupsPop music began to evolve in the 1960’s, with groups such as The Beatles and the Rolling StonesThe Eurovision song contest originally was a place for new Pop acts to enter the profession, bringing Swedish groupABBA to the fore in 1974Pop and Rock are similar in their instrumentation.A group would usually consist of both electric andbass guitars, drums, keyboard, and vocalist(s)The main difference between Pop and Rock is the terms themselves. Popular music is ever changing, while Rock is a separate genre evolving throughout the 20th centuryPop could be applied to any genre of the day. Therefore, the Pop musicians of the Baroque era would be composers such as Bach!
10Jazz GroupsAn American genre originating in cities such as New Orleans and ChicagoIt evolved from Dixieland jazz and ragtime, with composers such as Scott Joplin, famous for his piano piece The EntertainerTrumpet player Louis Armstrong was one of the first to create jazz as we recognise it, and started the tradition of improvised solosJazz could include many combinations of instruments including Trumpets, Saxophones, Clarinets, Double Bass, Drums and PianoMore modern jazz included artists such as Miles Davies, Benny Goodman, and Gordon Goodwin
11Folk GroupsFolk music is any music specific to a certain place. This does not just mean music specific to each country, but also music specific to each county, village, etc.Work songs are one form of folk music, for example, songs from the work plantations during the slave trade era in AmericaBallads, songs that told a story, either fictional legends or news of the day. Sometimes these were unaccompanied, sometimes with an instrumental accompanimentMusic for dancing is still popular, used at barn dances and ceilidhsToday, musicians such as Bob Dylan are considered to be folk artists
12Gamelan Gamelan music originated in South Asia It always consists of a series of different gongs, sometimes with drums, flutes, stringed instruments, and occasionally vocalistsIn 1889, Paris hosted an Exhibition of music from all over the world. Composers were suddenly exposed to new styles of musicComposers such as Debussy began tobring Gamelan into their own music,creating a whole new genre of exoticism.
13Steel Pan BandsOriginally from Trinidad, they became popular in the 1930’s and 40’sSteel pans, or drums were made from the top half of oil drums. The larger the half used, the deeper the sound of the drumThey were often used in carnival or Samba bandsThese days, Steel Pan bands often useWestern instruments such as guitars ordrum kits alongside the steel drums
14Vocal Groups One of the earliest forms of vocal groups were the singers of Madrigals in the 15th century. Womenwere forbidden to sing in church, so the high partswere sung by young boysOpera came to the fore in the 15oo’s, leading both menand women to extend their vocal range as composers experimented with new musical techniquesChoirs have existed since Medieval times, mainly for church services. The earliest Mass setting is attributed to Guillaume de Machaut, a composer of the 1300’sOratorios by composers such as Handel in the 18th century, sung by both men and women, led to the formation of choral societiesToday, singing has been made popular through musical theatre composers such as Lloyd-Webber and Sondheim
15Early Music Groups The Gregorian chant, named after Pope Gregory I, is one of the earliest knownforms of music. These chants were often sungin churches and monasteries to call people toworship, or to signal certain points in the MassSecular music was also used, often on longjourneys as a means of passing the time, or as work songsVery few people sung the music of other people; much of what they performed were their own compositionsThe time of the first peripatetic musicians! The travelling musicians of noble birth were Troubadours, while the professional entertainers of low birth were Minstrels