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Artists Working in the Landscape “Land Art” / “Earthworks”

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Presentation on theme: "Artists Working in the Landscape “Land Art” / “Earthworks”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Artists Working in the Landscape “Land Art” / “Earthworks”

2 Michael Heizer (US, b. Berkeley 1944) Double Negative , 24 thousand ton displacement, 2 trenches together are 1,500 feet long, 50 feet deep, and 30 feet wide Virgin River Mesa, Nevada "Un-sculpture“: "There is nothing there, yet it is still a sculpture.“ - Michael Heizer

3 Heizer, Double Negative, aerial view (right)

4 Michael Heizer, City, begun ongoing (photograph 1999), Nevada desert, two miles from the nearest paved road, funded by Dia and Lannon Foundation

5 It is interesting to build a sculpture that attempts to create an atmosphere of awe. - Heizer

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9 Teotihuacán, Mexico, between 150 and 450 CE Compare Heizer’s City (below). Artist’s father was an archaeologist. Heizer came up with the idea for City in 1970 when he was in the Yucatan studying the serpent motif in the ball court at Chichen Itza. He was 24.

10 Chichen Itzá ballcourt and (right) Temple of Kukulkan ( AD), Yucatan, Mexico

11 Michael Heizer, preliminary sketch for Levitated Mass, 2011, LACMA. Installation, March, 2012: mass-what-next/http://lacma.wordpress.com/2012/03/15/levitated- mass-what-next/

12 Smithson, A Nonsite: Franklin, New Jersey, summer, 1968 wood, limestone, aerial photographs, 16 1/2" x 82" x 110“ (right top and bottom) Chalk and Mirror Displacement, 1969, 6 mirrors / chalk from quarry in Oxted, England, each 10"x 5" (overall 10‘)

13 Robert Smithson (US, ) Spiral Jetty, 1970, Great Salt Lake, black rocks, salt crystals, Dia foundation collection

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16 Stonehenge, England, over 5000 years old

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18 Robert Smithson (left) and Donald Judd (right) at site of Spiral Jetty, 1970 Minimalism – Post-Minimalism

19 Nancy Holt (US b. 1938, environmental artist) Sun Tunnels, exterior and interior view (Sunset on the Summer Solstice), , Great Basin Desert, Utah; Compare (right): Center for Land Use Interpretation Viewing Area, Nevada, 2006 (commission, Whitney Biennial)

20 Robert Smithson, Floating Island to Travel Around Manhattan Island (1970/2005) 30-x-90- foot barge landscaped with earth, rocks, and native trees and shrubs, towed by a tugboat around the island of Manhattan, produced by Minetta Brook in collaboration with the Whitney Museum of American Art during Smithson’s 2005 retrospective. (right) Smithson, Study for Floating Island, pencil on paper. 19″ x 24″

21 Ana Mendieta (b. Havana, 1948; d. New York,1985), Untitled (Facial Hair Transplants), 1972 compare Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair, 1946

22 Mendieta, Untitled (Death of a Chicken), 1972 compare Hermann Nitsch, Viennese Actionism, First Action, 1962

23 Mendieta, Untitled (People Looking at Blood), 1973 Carl Andre, Equivalent VIII, 1966

24 Ana Mendieta, Untitled (Body Tracks), 1975

25 Mendieta, Untitled (Blood & Feathers), 1974 "I am overwhelmed by the feeling of having been cast from the womb (nature). My art is the way I re-establish the bonds that unite me to the universe."

26 Mendieta, (left) Maroya (Moon), 1982: (right) Untitled (Silueta Series, Iowa), 1979

27 Mendieta, Silueta, 1979

28 Mendieta, Totem Grove Series, (installation Whitney MA, NYC, 2001)

29 Walter de Maria (US, b. 1935) The Broken Kilometer, 1979, located at 393 West Broadway in New York City. 500 polished solid brass rods, each measuring two meters (6.5 feet) in length and five centimeters (two inches) in diameter. The 500 rods are placed in five parallel rows of 100 rods each. The sculpture weighs 18 3/4 tons (right) companion piece: De Maria's 1977 Vertical Earth Kilometer at Kassel, Germany, a permanently installed earth sculpture, a brass rod of the same diameter, total weight and total length has been inserted 1,000 meters into the ground.

30 Walter de Maria, The New York Earth Room, 1977-present, 141 Wooster Street, NYC, interior earth sculpture, 250 cubic yards of earth, 3,600 square feet of floor space, 22 inch depth of material, Total weight of sculpture: 280,000 lbs

31 Walter de Maria, The Lightning Field, , near Quemado, New Mexico, 400 stainless steel poles, average height 20' 7 ½" Overall dimensions: 5,280 x 3,300'

32 Mario Merz (Italian, ) (right) Guggenheim NYC retrospective, 1989, centerpiece: Unreal City, Nineteen Hundred Eighty-Nine, 1989; glass, mirror, metal pipes, twigs, rubber, clay, and clamps, 197 x 504 x 392 in. overall. Arte Povera Merz, Giap Igloo, 1968 Metal tubes, wire mesh, neon tubes, dirt, 9’10” diameter

33 James Turrell, Roden Crater, near Flagstaff, Arizona, in progress since 1980; (right) Roden Crater section plan

34 Turrell, Roden Crater, East Portal Entryway, 2000

35 "I wanted to use the very fine qualities of light. First of all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system." — James Turrell

36 James Turrell, Dhatu, 2010

37 Andy Goldsworthy (Scottish, b.1956) Stone River, stone wall, Stanford University, 2004

38 Andy Goldsworthy’s global Cairns Roof of NYC Metropolitan MA - temporary La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art - permanent Cairn with clay wall, London - temporary

39 Andy Goldsworthy, Woven bamboo, windy..., Before the Mirror, 1987, photograph

40 Goldsworthy’s photographs of art made on his walks in nature of stones, berries, leaves Excerpt from a highly recommended film on Goldsworthy’s art: Rivers and Tides, DVD available in the Sac State library. You can get extra credit for watching it.http://youtu.be/YkHRZQU6bjI

41 Christo Javacheff, (Bulgarian-American, b.1935), (top left) Package on Wheelbarrow, 1963, Paris, New Realist Christo & Jeanne Claude (French, b. 1935): (top right) Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin, 1971–95; (bottom left) The Pont Neuf Wrapped, 1975–85; (bottom right) Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 1980–83. Christo Javacheff, self- portrait around the time of his escape from Soviet Bulgaria to Vienna then Paris in January of 1957 In all of his interviews the artist insists that his art is a “scream for freedom.”

42 Christo Javashev, Man Posing, academic study, pencil on paper, , collection Academy of Fine Art Gallery in Sofia; (right top) Christo Javashev, Rural Worker, watercolor, 1956 at the Academy of Fine Art Soviet Realism, Andrei Milnikov’s Peaceful Fields, won a Stalin prize in 1951

43 Wrapped Coast, Little Bay, Australia,

44 Christo & Jeanne-Claude, Wrapped Coast, Little Bay, Australia,

45 Christo & Jeanne-Claude, Valley Curtain, Rifle, Colorado, tons of orange nylon

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47 Christo & Jeanne-Claude, Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties , September 1976

48 Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Miami, Florida, , May 1983

49 7,500 gates

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51 Christo and Jeanne-Claude, The Umbrellas, Japan-U.S.A.,

52 Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Umbrellas, Japan – U.S.A.,

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55 Christo & Jeanne-Claude, The Gates, 7,500 gates, 23 miles of pedestrian walkways in Central Park, NYC, a 20-year project.


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