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Lead Odorless, colorless, tasteless toxic metal found in many households and in industrial items Continues to exist in the environment through contamination of water and soil by contact with old products Key sources: paint, soil and water Lead-based paint (prohibited in 1978) Lead in gasoline (banned in the 1970’s) Soil (usually from leaded gasoline) Old water pipes, current water fixtures Even legally “lead-free” plumbing may contain up to 8% lead. Brass or chrome-plated brass faucets/fixtures can leach significant amounts of lead into the water, especially hot water. © Children's Environmental Health Network 2010
lead lead 0.1 1 10 100 DECLINING THRESHOLD OF HARM - LEAD Reference Value YEAR REPORTED 19601970198019902012 Note: Exposures expressed in micrograms/deciliter (blood lead) © Children's Environmental Health Network 2010
Where’s the Lead? © Children's Environmental Health Network
Sources of Lead Continued… Sources of Lead Continued… Vinyl products (including miniblinds, PVC piping) Industry (auto repair, batteries, smelters, radiators) Also Household dustJewelry - cheap Cans Toys – PVC dolls, balls Christmas Lights Crystal Ceramics (old, handmade, imported) © Children's Environmental Health Network
Sources of Lead oCambodian amulet at age 6 months, BLL of 1 µg/dL at age 1 year, BLL of 10 µg/dL. At 15 months, the child's BLL increased to 20 µg/dL oBeads were 45% lead © Children's Environmental Health Network
Children at Risk Higher gastrointestinal absorption rate Mother can pass lead through the placenta to her baby Hand to mouth behavior Symptoms can be easily overlooked: prevention and testing is necessary © Children's Environmental Health Network
Lead: Health Effects Elevated lead levels contribute to: oDecreased IQ, height, nerve connection oBrain disease, seizures, coma oIncreased learning disabilities and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) oAggressive Behavior oDelayed onset of puberty oDeaths from cardiovascular disease High levels can be fatal © Children's Environmental Health Network
Lead: What You Can Do, part 1 Get screened or have blood levels tested: www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead Test facilities for contamination oPaint inspection and risk assessment oWater: no lead level higher than 15 ppb oIf contaminated, get assistance from EPA or CDC Maintain paint to prevent flaking/peeling (window and door frames) Use cold water for drinking, cooking and making baby formula. © Children's Environmental Health Network
Lead: What You Can Do, part 2 Lay out a rough mat for wiping feet. Go Shoe-free inside! Avoid imported, old or handmade pottery for food. Test toys for lead-based paint. Avoid children’s cheap metal jewelry. Test vinyl products for lead (PVC-toys, raincoat, lunch boxes, bath books, bibs). Beware of artificial turf & traditional remedies Rich diet of iron and calcium to prevent absorption Teach children to wash their hands with soap often www.healthytoys.org © Children's Environmental Health Network
Plastics and Plastic Toys Beginning and end of life cycle oManufacturing creates air and water pollution oWaste disposal burden - do not degrade easily Avoid toys made of soft plastic vinyl. Look for “PVC-free” and “BPA-free” labels. Do not use plastics or plastic wrap in the microwave (food & beverages). Wash all toys before using them. Avoid plastic containers with recycling codes #7, #6 and #3. o“7” “other” (polycarbonate) o“6” “PS” (Polystyrene) o“3” or “v” (PVC) © Children's Environmental Health Network
#3, PVC or Vinyl Exposure through food, water, and consumer products. Can cause: low sperm counts, undescended testes, premature onset of puberty, as well as negative effecting the liver, kidney, spleen, and bone formation. A potential carcinogen affecting the liver. Polyvinyl chloride. Used in cling wrap, toys, vinyl lunch boxes, shower curtains, plastic squeeze bottles, cooking oil jars, and detergent and window cleaner bottles. Leaches phthalates (toxic additive and stabilizer). © Children's Environmental Health Network
Update on Phthalates 3 phthalates permanently banned oDEHP, DBP, and BBP children’s toys products intended for children 12 years of age or younger for use when playing child care articles products that children 3 and younger would use for sleeping, feeding, sucking or teething © Children's Environmental Health Network
#7 Bisphenol A (BPA) An estrogen mimicker Human exposure is widespread. A CDC study found BPA in 93% of adults. Linked with prostate cancer, breast cancer, miscarriages, birth defects, early onset of puberty, decreased sperm production, hyperactivity and aggressiveness. Leaches from polycarbonate plastics (hard, clear). Found in baby bottles, water bottles, metal can food liners, sippy cups and thermal register receipts. BPA – toxic additive and stabilizer. © Children's Environmental Health Network
BPA Continued… Discard all food containers with scratches, especially baby bottles and infant feeding cups. TEMPERATURE MATTERS oDo not put boiling or very hot water, infant formula, or other liquids into BPA-containing bottles oWarm ready-to-feed liquid formula by running warm water over the outside of the bottle. oDo not heat baby bottles of any kind in the microwave www.hhs.gov/safety/bpa/ © Children's Environmental Health Network
Decreasing Exposure After 3 days of: eliminating canned and packaged foods from the diet using only glass or stainless steel food storage containers BPA body burden 66% Phthalates body burden 53-56% © Children's Environmental Health Network
Mission: To protect the developing child from environmental health hazards and promote a healthier environment. Goals: 1)Promote sound policies 2)Promote research 3)Educate © Children's Environmental Health Network 2010
EHCC helps early childhood learning environments to be as healthy, safe and green as possible by reducing children’s exposure to toxic chemicals. A national program that partners with child care professionals to eliminate or reduce environmental health hazards found in child care facilities, thus improving the environmental health of children. Offers realistic strategies for change; focuses on free to low-cost solutions. Provides training, TA, an endorsement, free resources and support to providers seeking Eco-Healthy endorsement. © Children's Environmental Health Network 2010
Eco-Healthy Child Care® (EHCC) National Recognition Awards: Children’s Environmental Health Award, EPA (2006) Childcare and School IPM Recognition Award (2009-2010) Key Aspects of EHCC: National Advisory Committee Train the Trainer Program Trainer Network Resources: EHCC checklist and 16 fact sheets EHCC Endorsement © Children's Environmental Health Network 2010
EHCCEndorsement: EHCC ® Endorsement: To receive endorsement: Download or request checklist by mail Fill out checklist, meeting 24 of 30 requirements (3 are mandatory) Certify answers (2 validation signatures) Agree to “quality control” walk through Send in form and $25 fee If meet requirements, receive 2-year EHCC endorsement If not, we try to help To Date: More than1,600 facilities have been endorsed Keeping over 62,000 children safe; in 48 states GSA and CCLC: 100+ centers endorsed; Bright Horizons © Children's Environmental Health Network
What facilities get for EHCC Endorsement: What facilities get for EHCC ® Endorsement: Certificate Poster Posting on CEHN website oparents can locate EHCC facilities Marketing benefits through EHCC website and media stories Eco-Healthy tips by e-mail Additional educational materials Reduced toxics within your facility! © Children's Environmental Health Network
Thank you for your time! Websites: www.cehn.org/ehcc www.ecohealthychildcare.org © Children's Environmental Health Network
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