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APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Scalawag Carpetbagger Freedmen’s Bureau Oliver O. Howard “10 percent” plan Wade-Davis Bill Radical republicans.

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Presentation on theme: "APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Scalawag Carpetbagger Freedmen’s Bureau Oliver O. Howard “10 percent” plan Wade-Davis Bill Radical republicans."— Presentation transcript:

1 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Scalawag Carpetbagger Freedmen’s Bureau Oliver O. Howard “10 percent” plan Wade-Davis Bill Radical republicans Black codes 14 th Amendment Civil Rights Bill Thaddeus Stevens Military Reconstruction 15 th Amendment Hiram Revels Ex Parte Milligan Ku Klux Klan Force Acts Tenure of Office Act Seward’s Folly Ch 15: Reconstruction I. Challenges A. The Problems of Peace 1. 4 main ques. After war 2. How would S be rebuilt? 2. How to deal w/ ex-slaves? 2. How to reintegrate S states? 2. Who would control recon? 2. Confed leaders? B. Unfettered Freedom 1. What to do w/ blacks? C. Johnson: The Tailor Pres. 1. Humble beginnings D. The Freedman’s Bureau 1. Help former slaves 1.S resented bureau E. Presidential Reconstruction 1. Lincoln 1. Congress 1. Johnson F. The Baleful Black Codes 1. S restores race relations G. Congressional Fears 1. Demos control cong.? H. Johnson Clashes w/ Congress 1. J tries to curb S 2. Civ rights 2. Voting 2. Ex-confed 2. Repud of confed debt I. Swinging around the Circle 1. J fails II. Implementation J. Republican Principles 1. Now Cong can override veto K. Reconstruction by the Sword 1. Military Reconstruction Act

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4 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Scalawag Carpetbagger Freedmen’s Bureau Oliver O. Howard “10 percent” plan Wade-Davis Bill Radical republicans Black codes 14 th Amendment Civil Rights Bill Thaddeus Stevens Military Reconstruction 15 th Amendment Hiram Revels Ex Parte Milligan Ku Klux Klan Force Acts Tenure of Office Act Seward’s Folly L. Realities of Recon in the South 1. Despite 15 th, disenfranchised 1. White control 1. Redeemer govs M. Ku Klux Klan 1. Force Acts of 1870-71 N. Johnson and Impeachment 1. Barely fails O. Purchase of Alaska 1. Foreign relations –Alaska P. Heritage of Reconstruction 1. S - Recon worse than war III. Gilded Age Q. The Bloody Shirt 1. Post war disillusionment R. Era of Good Stealings 1. Rapid pop growth 1. US lacks moral S. Carnival of Corruption 1. Tweed Ring 1. Grant - spoils 1. Credit Mobilier - 1867-68 1. Whiskey Ring 1. Belknap scandal T. Liberal Republican 1872 1. Lib faction 2. Idealistic 2. Lib/Demo nom Greeley 1. Rep feared lib split U. Demands for Inflation 1. G hurt by Panic of 1873 2. War inflat/ Indus spec 1. Debtors want inflation 2. Greenbacks 1. “Hard money” advocates win 2. Resumption Act of 1875 1. Debate over silver 2. 1873 - Comstock Lode 1. Grant’s bad politics/sound $ 2. Less specie - more credit

5 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Laissez-faire Jim Fisk/Jay Gould Tweed Ring Credit Mobilier Whiskey Ring Horace Greeley Resumption Act Bland-Allison Act “Half-breeds” James G. Blaine Civil Service Reform Plessy v. Ferguson Chinese Exclusionary Act Kearneyite Pendleton Act Civil Service Mulligan letters Mugwumps Pension Bureau Sharecropping IV. Weak Presidential Response V. Pallid Politics 1. Few issues sep parties W. Hayes-Tilden Standoff 1. Two sets of returns X. Compromise of 1877 1. Comp 2. Remove troops 2. Patronage for Demo 2. Subsid a S Trans RR 1. No troops to protect freedmen 2. Failed Civ Rights Act 1875 Y. Integrity on the Potomac 1. Hayes 1. Problems 2. Labor disputes 2. Depression since 1873 2. 1880 - Asian immig Z. The Garfield Interlude 1. Dark horse 1. Tragedy 9/19/1881 AA. Arthur Takes Command 1. Civ serv ref BB. Mudslingers of 1884 1. 1884 - Blaine - Rep nom 2. “Mulligan letters” 2. Mugwumps 1. Mudslinging 2. Campaign rested on NY CC. “Old Grover” Takes Over 1. Cleveland 1. Used veto DD. Battle for a Lower Tariff 1. Reduce pork/ lower tariff EE. Harrison in 1888 1. Billion $ cong

6 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Populists Sand Creek “Buffalo Bill” Cody A Century of Dishonor “Ghost Dance” Wounded Knee Dawes Severalty Act Comstock Lode Chisholm Trail Homestead Act Safety-valve theory The Grange James B. Weaver Farmers’ Alliances Bimetallism Pension Act of 1890 Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890 Ch 16: Conquering a Continent I. Indian Wars A. The Indian Barrier to the West 1. 1880's-90's = US/Indian conflict 1. Gov policy 1. Settlers 2. Disregarded treaties 1. 1868 - 1890 = constant warfare B. Receding Native Population 1. Ind war = savage 1. Sioux Wars 1. Nez Perce -1877 1. Apaches – Geronimo 1. Ind lost by guns and 2. Railroad 2. Buffalo 2. Settlers 2. Disease 2. Alcohol C. Bellowing Herds of Bison 1. The Buffalo D. The End of the Trail 1. 1880's - exterm on reserv 2. Helen Hunt – 1881 1. Dawes Severality Act II. The Changing Frontier E. Mining 1. Ind remov = boon for mining 1. Boon towns around mines F. Beef bonanzas 1. New ‘beef barons’ 1. Long Drive G. Free Land for Free Families 1. Homestead Act of 1862 H. Taming Western Deserts 1. RR recruited immig 1. Dry farming 1. Barbed wire 2. Joseph F. Glidden – 1883

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9 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Populists Sand Creek “Buffalo Bill” Cody A Century of Dishonor “Ghost Dance” Wounded Knee Dawes Severalty Act Comstock Lode Chisholm Trail Homestead Act Safety-valve theory The Grange James B. Weaver Farmers’ Alliances Bimetallism Pension Act of 1890 Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890 I. The Far West Comes of Age 1. 1870-80's = pop explos 2. Army vets/ Immig 2. RR/ Homestead 1. New states and cities 1. Ind Terr to sett - Oklah – 1889 1. 1890 - census - frontier gone 2. “Safety valve” theory 2. Defined char III. Farmers’ Plight J. The Farm Becomes a Factory 1. Role of farmers changing 1. New levels of produc K. Deflation Dooms the Debtor 1. Financial troubles - 1880's 2. Depend on one crop 2. Falling prices L. Unhappy Husbandmen 1. Nature’s curses 2. Gov / Corp/ RR abuse 2. Farmers disorg – polit N. Farmers Take their Stand 1. Agrarian Unrest 2. 1867 – Grange O. Passionate Populist Crusade 1. Farmers’ Alliance - 1880's 2. Manuf of pop discont 1. Populist = People’s Party

10 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY National Labor Union Knights of Labor Haymarket Square American Federation of Labor Closed shop Socialist Yellow dog contract Stock watering Wabash Case Interstate Commerce Thomas Edison Andrew Carnegie Vertical Integration J.P. Morgan Interlocking Directorates Gospel of Wealth Sherman Anti-trust Ch 17: Industrial Revolution I. Railroads A. The Iron Horse 1. Growth – RR 1865-1900 2. 35,000 mi - 200,000 1. Gov subsidized RR 2. Land grants 2. Alternating blocs B. Spanning the Continent 1. Gov spons 2 RR 2. Bonus for extra miles 2. Immig = labor 1. “Wedding of the rails” C. Binding the Country w/ RR 1. Trans completed 2. New RR magnates 2. Over-speculation D. Railroad Consolidation 1. Eastern RR magnates bail out 2. Consolid/monop E. Revolution by Railways 1. Greatest accomp 2. Time zones 2. Pushes indus 2. Immig 2. Spin-offs F. Wrongdoing in Railroading 1. Corruption 2. Stock watering/bribes 2. Long v. short hauls 2. Monopolies/collusion 2. Rebates II. Changes G. Gov Bridles the Iron Horse 1. RR plutocracy 2. Farmers + bus extorted 1. Call for gov help 1. Grange becomes pop 1. 1886 - Wabash case 1. Interstate Commerce Act 1887 2. ICC ended rate wars

11 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY National Labor Union Knights of Labor Haymarket Square American Federation of Labor Closed shop Socialist Yellow dog contract Stock watering Wabash Case Interstate Commerce Thomas Edison Andrew Carnegie Vertical Integration J.P. Morgan Interlocking Directorates Gospel of Wealth Sherman Anti-trust H. Miracles of Mechanization 1. Shipping spurred indus 1. Inventiveness soared 2. New tech 2. Cash registers 2. Telephones I. The Trust Titan Emerges 1. Small bus hurt 1. 14 th amend J. The Supremacy of Steel 1. 1880-90's = “Steel is king” 2. Abund of coal 2. Markets K. Sultans of Steel 1. Carnegie Steel 1. J.P. Morgan L. An American Beauty 1. John D. Rockefeller M. The Gospel of Wealth 1. Plutocrats 2. Heaven + natural selec N. Government Tackles the Trust 1. 1890 Sherman Anti-Trust O. South in an Age of Industry 1. No Indus Rev in S 1. Henry W. Grady – New S 1. Obstacles 2. Rate of N RR 2. Blocked by trusts III. Impacts P. Impact of Industrial Rev 1. Indus increases wealth 2. Higher Stan of Living 2. Role of women change 2. International trade

12 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY National Labor Union Knights of Labor Haymarket Square American Federation of Labor Closed shop Socialist Yellow dog contract Stock watering Wabash Case Interstate Commerce Thomas Edison Andrew Carnegie Vertical Integration J.P. Morgan Interlocking Directorates Gospel of Wealth Sherman Anti-trust Q. In Unions There is Strength 1. Real loser = workers 2. Loss of identity 2. Too many 2. Little polit clout 2. No courts help 1. Little public support 2. High wages 2. Strikes desensitized 2. Socialism = anti-Amer R. Labor Limps Along 1. Higher costs of liv = union necess 1. National Labor Union – 1866 2. Soc reform 2. Won 8hr workday 1. Knights of Labor – 1869 2. Secret society 2. Skilled/non-skill 2. Terrence V. Powerderly 2. Assoc w/ anarachy S. Unhorsing the Knights 1. Haymarket Square Riot T. The AF of L to the Fore 1. AFL - 1886 2. Samuel Gompers 2. Federation 2. Opposed socialism 2. Did not rep all workers 1. Riots continued 2. 1880-1900= 23,000 strikes 2. Pub attitude turning 2. Labor Day 1894 - holiday

13 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Yellow Journalist Hearst Looking Backward Horatio Alger Fundamentalism New Morality Carrie Chapman Catt Louis Sullivan Temperance 18 th Amendment Anti-Saloon League Rauschenbusch Social Gospel” Christian socialists” Jane Addams Dwight Moody Darwinism Ingersoll Chautauqua Dr. W.E.B. Dubois NAACP Hatch Act 1887 Chapters 18/19: Urbanization I. Immigration A. The Urban Frontier 1. Cities grew up and out 2. Steel and elevators 2. Suburbs 1. Attraction of cities 2. Jobs and exciting 1.Problems B. New Immigration 1. Rush 2. Post- 1880 (New Immig) C. Southern Europe Uprooted 1. Why so many immig 2. Pop growth in Euro 2. Indus replaced agri 2. Amer dream 2. Amer need labor 2. Persec in Euro D. Reactions to the New Immig 1. Gov did little to assim 2. States dom by rural legis 2. Bosses help immig 1. Soc conscience awakens 2. Social Christian mov 1. Jane Addams 1860-1935 2. 1889 - Hull House – Chic 2. New poss for women E. Narrowing the Welcome Mat 1. Nativism 2. Job comp 2. Electoral weight 1. New polit and soc nativist org 2. Amer Prot Assoc (APA) 2. Anti-immig laws – 1882 2. 1917- literacy test 2. 1882 - barred chinese

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17 APUSH UNIT 05; Ch 15-19: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Yellow Journalist Hearst Looking Backward Horatio Alger Fundamentalism New Morality Carrie Chapman Catt Louis Sullivan Temperance 18 th Amendment Anti-Saloon League Rauschenbusch Social Gospel” Christian socialists” Jane Addams Dwight Moody Darwinism Ingersoll Chautauqua Dr. W.E.B. Dubois NAACP Hatch Act 1887 II. Social Response F. Churches Confront Challenge 1. Chall for church 2. Loss of membership in city 1. Churches = vehicles for indus? 2. Gospel of Wealth 1. Urban revivalism 2. Dwight Lyman Moody 2. Salvation Army 1879 2. Christian Scientists 1879 G. Darwin Disrupts the Churches 1. Origin of Species - Darwin 1859 2. Social Darwinism H. The Lust for Learning 1. Elementary Ed 2. By 1870 - compuls elem 1. High Schools 1. Kindergarten 1. Adult ed 2. 1874 - Chautauqua Move I. Education for Black People 1. Booker T. Washington 1. W.E.B. Dubois 2. Founded NAACP – 1910 J. The Hallowed Halls of Ivy 1. More women in college 1. Morrill Act – 1862 1. Hatch Act 1887 1. Philanthropy K. The March of the Mind 1. New Medical school 2. Improv in pub health 1. Henry James 1842-1910 L. The Appeal of the Press 1. Popularity of books - 1880's 1. Growth of publ libraries 1. Growth of newspapers 2. New readers 2. Advertisement 2. Sensationalism

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20 APUSH UNIT 05: Post Civil War VOCABULARY Yellow Journalist Hearst Looking Backward Horatio Alger Fundamentalism New Morality Carrie Chapman Catt Louis Sullivan Temperance 18 th Amendment Anti-Saloon League Rauschenbusch Social Gospel” Christian socialists” Jane Addams Dwight Moody Darwinism Ingersoll Chautauqua Dr. W.E.B. Dubois NAACP Hatch Act 1887 M. Apostles of Reform 1. Magazines 2. Atlan Monthly, Scribner’s 2. Liberal, intell 1. Reform Writers 2. Henry George 2. Edward Bellamy N. New Morality 1. People challenged morality 2. Victoria Woodhull – 1871 1. Others reacted 2. Anthony Comstock O. Families and Women 1. City = hard on family 2. Children 2. Lower birth rates 2. Decl of family 1. Women 2. More indep 2. Charlotte P. Gilman 2. Suffrage P. Prohibition of alcohol 1. Alcohol 2. Temperance movement 1. National Prohibition Party 1. Woman’s Christ Temp Union 1. Anti-saloon League – 1893 2. Statewide prohibitions 1. Other social org 2. American Red Cross – 81 Q. Artistic Triumphs 1. Art in US lagged behind Euro 2. W/ indus, wealth 1. Amer painters 1. Music 2. New opera houses 2. Phonograph – Edison 1. Architecture 2. Louis Sullivan 2. Henry Richardson R. Amusement 1. Wealth = more entertainment

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