# Lesson 7-3 The Sine and Cosine Functions. Objective:

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Lesson 7-3 The Sine and Cosine Functions

Objective:

To use the definitions of sine and cosine to find values of these functions and to solve simple trigonometric equations.

Trigonometry

The sine function is abbreviated sin

Trigonometry The sine function is abbreviated sin The cosine function is abbreviated cos

Let P(x,y) be any point on the circle x 2 + y 2 = r 2 and θ be an angle in standard position with terminal ray OP, as shown below. P(x,y) rθ O

Let P(x,y) be any point on the circle x 2 + y 2 = r 2 and θ be an angle in standard position with terminal ray OP, as shown below. We define the sin θ by: P(x,y) rθ O

Let P(x,y) be any point on the circle x 2 + y 2 = r 2 and θ be an angle in standard position with terminal ray OP, as shown below. We define the sin θ by: P(x,y) rθ O

Let P(x,y) be any point on the circle x 2 + y 2 = r 2 and θ be an angle in standard position with terminal ray OP, as shown below. We define the sin θ by: We define the cos θ by: P(x,y) rθ O

Let P(x,y) be any point on the circle x 2 + y 2 = r 2 and θ be an angle in standard position with terminal ray OP, as shown below. We define the sin θ by: We define the cos θ by: P(x,y) rθ O

If the terminal ray of an angle θ in standard position passes through (-3,2), find sin θ and cos θ.

Unit Circle

The unit circle is a circle with a center at the origin and has a radius of 1.

Unit Circle The unit circle is a circle with a center at the origin and has a radius of 1. Therefore its equation is simply:

Unit Circle The unit circle is a circle with a center at the origin and has a radius of 1. Therefore its equation is simply:

Unit Circle

Which now allows us to take our two formulas for sin θ and cos θ and change them to:

Unit Circle Which now allows us to take our two formulas for sin θ and cos θ and change them to:

Unit Circle Which now allows us to take our two formulas for sin θ and cos θ and change them to:

Now angles of rotations can locate you anywhere in the four quadrants. Since sin θ can now be determined strictly by the y-values, that means the sine of an angle will always be positive if your angle of rotation locates you in the 1 st of 2 nd quadrants.

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Likewise, cos θ can now be determined by the x-values, so the cosine function will always be positive if the angle of rotation locates you in the 1 st or 4 th quadrants.

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Find:

From the previous examples and the definitions of sin θ and cos θ we can see that the sine and cosine functions repeat their values every 360° or 2π radians. Formally, this means that for all θ:

We summarize these facts by saying that the sine and cosine functions are periodic and that they both have a fundamental period of 360 0 or 2π radians.

Assignment: Pgs. 272-274 1-41 odd, omit 31