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English Skill: Organization, Unity, & Coherence. Tutorial #1: Use Conjunctive Adverbs to Show Relationships Relationship Conveyed Conjunctive Adverb Addition.

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Presentation on theme: "English Skill: Organization, Unity, & Coherence. Tutorial #1: Use Conjunctive Adverbs to Show Relationships Relationship Conveyed Conjunctive Adverb Addition."— Presentation transcript:

1 English Skill: Organization, Unity, & Coherence

2 Tutorial #1: Use Conjunctive Adverbs to Show Relationships Relationship Conveyed Conjunctive Adverb Addition ToAlso / In AdditionBesides / LikewiseFurthermore / Moreover Contrasting WithHowever / On the Other Hand Nonetheless / Rather On the Contrary/ Still Illustration or Clarification For Example / In Other Words For Instance / That Is Incidentally / To Clarify As a ResultAccordingly / HenceAs a Result / Therefore Consequently / Thus Indicator of TimeAfterwards / Meanwhile Finally / NextHenceforth / Then

3 Example 1) Determine if a relationship between ideas and sentences must be highlighted by the reader Johnny did not have his textbook. Johnny lost participation points.

4 Example 1) Use a conjunctive adverb that clearly reflects the intended relationship (cause and effect, compare, contrast, sequence, ect.) Johnny did not have his textbook; therefore, he lost participation points. Similar transitional words and phrases (first, moreover, as a result….) may appear at the beginning of a sentence (followed by a comma) to display similar relationships as noted above. In addition, he was unable to use the book while writing his essay.

5 Conjunctive Adverbs in Writing Incorrect: Universal healthcare for citizens of the United States would be costly to taxpayers. The current structures for providing insurance to American citizens are ineffective and inadequate. Correct: Universal health care for citizens of the United States would be costly to taxpayers; however, the current structures for providing insurance to American citizens are ineffective and inadequate. Incorrect: Kevin did not come to my birthday party; likewise I am still waiting for my birthday present from him. Correct: Kevin did not come to my birthday party; consequently, I am still waiting for my present from him.

6 Conjunctive Adverbs in The ACT EXAMPLE 1 According to the United Nations International Labor Organization, the average American works approximately one week longer now than in Consequently, the cases of stress related heart diseases are also on the rise in America. 1.A) No Change B) Meanwhile, C) For instance, D) Nonetheless,

7 Conjunctive Adverbs in The ACT Example 1 According to the United Nations International Labor Organization, the average American works approximately one week longer now than in Consequently, the cases of stress related heart diseases are also on the rise in America. 1.A) No Change B) Meanwhile, C) For instance, D) Nonetheless,

8 Conjunctive Adverbs in The ACT Example 2 As a culture, it is becoming very apparent that our changing labor practices require further consideration; it is necessary to raise the question, “do increased work hours bolster production or simply compensate for diminishing efficiency?” 2.A) No Change B) Finally, it is C) Therefore, it is D) Moreover, it is

9 Conjunctive Adverbs in The ACT Example 2 As a culture, it is becoming very apparent that our changing labor practices require further consideration; it is necessary to raise the question, “do increased work hours bolster production or simply compensate for diminishing efficiency?” 2.A) No Change B) Finally, it is C) Therefore, it is D) Moreover, it is

10 Tutorial 2: Decide the Most Logical Place to Add a Sentence Adding Sentences In Writing INCORRECT: Typically, liberals are pro- choice and therefore support gay marriage. President Obama specifically wants to increase marriage benefits for same-sex couples. Add Idea: Obama is Christian liberal CORRECT: Typically, liberals are pro-choice and therefore support gay marriage. As a Christian liberal, President Barak Obama holds many strong opinions on gay marriage. Coincidentally, the President specifically wants to increase marriage benefits for same-sex couples.


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