Presentation on theme: "C OMPOUND SENTENCES. R EVIEW We have been talking about complete sentences which are also known as independent clauses. An independent clause can stand."— Presentation transcript:
R EVIEW We have been talking about complete sentences which are also known as independent clauses. An independent clause can stand by itself as a simple sentence.
C OMPOUND SENTENCES Two or more independent clauses can be combined into one compound sentence. Writing a compound sentence is an effective way for you to show how the ideas in the clauses are related. Additionally, the GED essay rates you on your ability to use a variety of sentence types.
C OORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Coordinating conjunctions show the relationship between sentences. It is easy to remember the coordinating conjunctions because if you take the first letter of each you get the word: FANBOYS For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
C OORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS And But, yet For So Or nor Connects two related ideas Contrasts two ideas Shows a cause Shows an effect Gives choices Gives negative choices Coordinating conjunctions Relationship
W RITING COMPOUND SENTENCES When you write a compound sentence with a coordinating conjunction, use a comma before the conjunction. Separate: Jack joined a group of actors. They are quite talented. Combined?
W RITING COMPOUND SENTENCES Separate: Their first play is a hilarious comedy. It’s sure to be a hit. Combined?
P RACTICE People want their lawns to be insect free. Many of them use chemical pesticides. Some thoughtful parents still use pesticides. They follow instructions for use and disposal carefully. Professional exterminators must be certified. They should apply pesticides properly.
O THER C ONNECTORS As we talked about last class, we can also use a semicolon to combine sentences when the ideas are closely related. Separate: Nuclear weapons threaten all our lives. Failure to solve this problem could have serious consequences. Combined?
O THER C ONNECTORS You can also combine sentences using a semicolon and a CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB. The CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB you choose should show the relationship between the two ideas being combined.
C ONJUNCTIVE A DVERBS Also, furthermore, moreover, besides However, still, nevertheless, instead, nonetheless Similarly, likewise Therefore, thus, consequently Next, then, meanwhile, finally, subsequently For example, for instance Connect two ideas Contrast two ideas Compare two ideas Show a result Show time order Give Examples Conjunctive adverbsRelationship
C ONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS When you use a conjunctive adverb to connect two clauses, put a semicolon before it and a comma after it. Separate: People are interested in avoiding nuclear war. They do not always agree on the best way to do so.
P RACTICE El Nino is a fascinating cyclical weather system scientists are finding some useful data from studying it. (Nevertheless, moreover) Old forecasting methods relied on weather data from the past El Nino has changed that. (Likewise, however) Climates near the equator change little season to season weather predictions there are the most accurate. (Consequently, besides)