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Comparison/Contrast Paragraph Katherine Howard Writing 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Comparison/Contrast Paragraph Katherine Howard Writing 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comparison/Contrast Paragraph Katherine Howard Writing 1

2 Today Self Reflection and Peer Help Sentence Types Creating sentences and sentence clauses Using Compare/Contrast Transitions Educational Systems Compasions

3 Re-read your paragraph. Complete the self- correcting sheet.

4 Share witha partner. Complete the peer editing worksheet.

5 You will read someone else’s paragraph today.

6 Turn In Your Vacation Paragraph! Blue Like Journals are Due Today too!

7 Sentence Structure Pg. 114 – Just as there are signal words to show time order and spatial order, there are also words and phrases that help your reader understand similarities and differences. Find the words that show similarities and differences in the model paragraph.

8 Two Varieties of English Although US English and British English are mutually understandable languages, there are quite a few differences. One difference is spelling. Some words are spelled one way the United States but spelt another way in Great Britain. A person goes to a British theatre but to a US theater. In US schools, students theorize, analyze and socialize, whereas British students theorise, analyse, and socialise. A second area difference is vocabulary. For example, the word college names two very different types of schools in the United States and Great Britain – university level in the United States and pre-university level in Great Britain. Also, British university students live in halls on campus and flats off campus, but US students live in dormitories on campus and apartments off campus. Finally, there are many differences in pronunciation. In Great Britain, the sound of a in the words path, laugh, aunt, plant and dance is like the a in father. In the United States, in contrast, the a sound in the words is like the a in car. All in all, though there are differences between the English spoken in the United States and the English spoken in the British Isles, we understand each other most of the time!

9 Two Varieties of English Although US English and British English are mutually understandable languages, there are quite a few differences. One difference is spelling. Some words are spelled one way the United States but spelt another way in Great Britain. A person goes to a British theatre but to a US theater. In US schools, students theorize, analyze and socialize, whereas British students theorise, analyse, and socialise. A second area difference is vocabulary. For example, the word college names two very different types of schools in the United States and Great Britain – university level in the United States and pre-university level in Great Britain. Also, British university students live in halls on campus and flats off campus, but US students live in dormitories on campus and apartments off campus. Finally, there are many differences in pronunciation. In Great Britain, the sound of a in the words path, laugh, aunt, plant and dance is like the a in father. In the United States, in contrast, the a sound in the words is like the a in car. All in all, though there are differences between the English spoken in the United States and the English spoken in the British Isles, we understand each other most of the time!

10 Word Dictionary WORD: Guess:Definition ConnectionSentence Synonyms: Antonyms: Sketch/Image: conjunction

11 Comparison Signals Sentence Connectors Coordinating Conjunctions Subordinating Conjunctions OthersPaired Conjunctions Similarly Likewise Also Too And… (too) As Just as Similar Equal The same Similar to Equal to (just) like The same as Equally Both…and Not only…but also

12 Sentence Types There are four sentence types. We will discuss three types today. pg. 189: Simple Sentences Compound Sentences Complex Sentences

13 Simple Sentences Simple sentences have one independent clause. An independent clause has a subject and a verb. Spring has arrived. The flowers are blooming. The sun is shining brightly. People are walking and jogging in the park. Simple Sentences use conjunctions to combined subjects or verbs. They do not combined two separate ideas.

14 Compound Sentences Compound sentences have two independent clauses. The sun is shining, and there are no clouds in the sky. It was a beautiful day, so we decided to go to the skateboarding park. Compound sentences use coordinating conjunctions. There are seven different coordinating conjunctions. We remember them by the word FANBOYS.

15 FANBOYS F A N B O Y S for, yet, nor: pg 69 For And Nor But Or Yet So Yet has approximately the same meaning as “but”; that is it shows contrast or joins opposites. Use “yet” when the second part of the sentence says something unexpected or surprising. For has the same meaning as “because”; use “fore” to introduce a reason or cause. Nor means “not this and not that”; use “nor” to join two negative sentences. And joins sentences that are alike But joins sentences that are opposite or show contrast. So joins sentences when the second sentence expresses the result of something described in the first sentence. Or joins sentences that give choices or alternatives. and, but, so, or – pg 30

16 Complex Sentences Complex sentences have one independent clause and one (or more) dependent clause. As soon as we arrived, we pu ton our rollerblades. Alex broke his arm because he wasn’t careful. Complex sentences have a subordinating conjunction. The subordinating conjunction starts the dependent clause. Pg

17 Subordinating Conjunctions To tell a timeTo give a reason To tell whereTo make a contrast After As As soon as Before Since Until When Whenever While Because Since As Where Wherever Although Even though Though While Whereas pg

18 Transition Signals for Compare and Contrast CompareContrast Similarly Likewise Also Too And… Both…and Not only…but also Just as similar Equal Equally The same Like On the other hand However But Yet While Whereas Although Though Even though Different from Differently Unlike Differ pg. 192

19 Clauses into Sentences Pg. 100 – A clause is a group of words that contains at least one subject and one verb. Anna left the party early because she was tired There are two kinds of clauses: independent and dependent. Independent Dependent

20 Independent Clauses An independent clause can be a sentence by itself. It is independent! It is another name for a simple sentence. I felt sick the next day. He goes to school. Jack excels at sports. They run everyday.

21 Dependent Clause Dependent clauses cannot be a sentence by itself because its meaning is not complete. A dependent clause “depends” on something else to complete the meaning. because he trains hard whenever I don’t sleep well as they want to compete in the marathon after he finishes work

22 Dependent Clause Dependent clauses cannot be a sentence by itself because its meaning is not complete. A dependent clause “depends” on something else to complete the meaning. because he trains hard whenever I don’t sleep well as they want to compete in the marathon after he finishes work Subordinating conjunctions make dependent clauses

23 Complex Sentences As they want to compete in the marathon, they run everyday. Jack excels at sports because he trains hard. Whenever I don’t sleep well, I feel sick the next day. He goes to school after he finishes work.

24 Complex Sentences As they want to compete in the marathon, they run everyday. Jack excels at sports because he trains hard. Whenever I don’t sleep well, I feel sick the next day. He goes to school after he finishes work. Do you see the comma rule?

25 Sentence Slam

26 Interview a classmate from another country. Find out about that person’s educational system. Think of three differences between your countries. Write a composition about the differences between the two educational systems.

27 Homework: Write a comparison composition about the differences between your country’s education and someone else’s country’s education. Bring with you next week. (Make sure to prewrite your ideas and outline this!!!) Complete pg Continue to write in your Like Journal.


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