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`` U PCOMING ON S UNDAY M ORNINGS All the Poor & Powerless November 2—A Biblical Theology of Adoption November 9—God’s Heart for Social Justice November.

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Presentation on theme: "`` U PCOMING ON S UNDAY M ORNINGS All the Poor & Powerless November 2—A Biblical Theology of Adoption November 9—God’s Heart for Social Justice November."— Presentation transcript:

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3 U PCOMING ON S UNDAY M ORNINGS All the Poor & Powerless November 2—A Biblical Theology of Adoption November 9—God’s Heart for Social Justice November 16—God’s Heart for the World

4 The Story of The Lamb: Taking the Lord’s Supper Luke 22:14-34

5 Luke 22:14-20 (ESV) 14 And when the hour came, he reclined at table, and the apostles with him. 15 And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.

6 Luke 22:21-26 (ESV) 21 But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is with me on the table. 22 For the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!” 23 And they began to question one another, which of them it could be who was going to do this. 24 A dispute also arose among them, as to which of them was to be regarded as the greatest. 25 And he said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those in authority over them are called benefactors. 26 But not so with you. Rather, let the greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves.

7 Luke 22:27-34 (ESV) 27 For who is the greater, one who reclines at table or one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at table? But I am among you as the one who serves. 28 “You are those who have stayed with me in my trials, 29 and I assign to you, as my Father assigned to me, a kingdom, 30 that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 31 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.” 33 Peter said to him, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death.” 34 Jesus said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me.”

8 The Story of The Lamb: Taking the Lord’s Supper Luke 22:14-34

9 T HE S TORY OF T HE L AMB Chapter 1: The Offering of the Lamb Chapter 2: The Story of the Lamb Chapter 3: The Beholding of The Lamb

10 T HE S TORY OF T HE L AMB Chapter 1: The Offering of the Lamb Chapter 2: The Story of the Lamb Chapter 3: The Beholding of The Lamb

11 T HE S TORY OF T HE L AMB Chapter 1: The Offering of the Lamb Chapter 2: The Story of the Lamb Chapter 3: The Beholding of The Lamb

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13 Luke 22:15b-16 (ESV) 15b “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 15b “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”

14 Luke 22:15b-16 (ESV) 15b “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 15b “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” John 18:28 28 Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor's headquarters. It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor's headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover.

15 Luke 22:15b-16 (ESV) 15b “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 15b “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” John 19:14 14 Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour. He (Pilate) said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” See also John 19:42 & Luke 23:54.

16 Luke 22:15b-16 (ESV) 15b “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 15b “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” Luke 22:42 42 …saying, “Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done.”

17 Luke 22:17-20 (ESV) 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.

18 Luke 22:17-20 (ESV) For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes. 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes. ” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.

19 Luke 22:17-20 (ESV) For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes. 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes. ” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. Isaiah 25:6-9

20 Luke 22:17-20 (ESV) the new covenant in my blood 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.

21 Luke 22:17-20 (ESV) the new covenant in my blood 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. Hebrews 8:6-12

22 T HE B EHOLDING OF T HE L AMB ninth hour “So these high priests, upon the coming of their feast which is called the Passover, when they slay their sacrifices, from the ninth hour till the eleventh, but so that a company not less than ten belong to every sacrifice (for it is not lawful for them to feast singly by themselves), and many of us are twenty in a company, found the number of sacrifices was two hundred and fifty-six thousand five hundred; which, upon the allowance of no more than ten that feast together, amounts to two million seven hundred thousand and two hundred persons that were pure and holy…” – Josephus, Wars, 6, 9, 3

23 T HE B EHOLDING OF T HE L AMB ninth hour Luke 23: It was now about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour, 45 while the sun's light failed. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46 Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” And having said this he breathed his last. 47 Now when the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God, saying, “Certainly this man was innocent!”

24 T HE B EHOLDING OF T HE L AMB John 19: Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.

25 T HE B EHOLDING OF T HE L AMB John 19: But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water. 35 He who saw it has borne witness—his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—that you also may believe. 36 For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken.” 37 And again another Scripture says, “They will look on him whom they have pierced.”

26 Luke 22:17-20 (ESV) 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.

27 Luke 22:17-20 (ESV) 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. Ritual vs. Relationship

28 Luke 22:17-20 (ESV) 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. Behold The Lamb together!

29 Luke 22:17-20 (ESV) 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. Bring your failure to the table.

30 Luke 22:21-23 (ESV) 21 But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is with me on the table. 22 For the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!” 23 And they began to question one another, which of them it could be who was going to do this.

31 Luke 22:21-23 (ESV) 21 But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is with me on the table. 22 For the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!” 23 And they began to question one another, which of them it could be who was going to do this. Judas’ Failure

32 Luke 22:24-26 (ESV) 24 A dispute also arose among them, as to which of them was to be regarded as the greatest. 24 A dispute also arose among them, as to which of them was to be regarded as the greatest. 25 And he said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those in authority over them are called benefactors. 26 But not so with you. Rather, let the greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves.

33 Luke 22:24-26 (ESV) 24 A dispute also arose among them, as to which of them was to be regarded as the greatest. 24 A dispute also arose among them, as to which of them was to be regarded as the greatest. 25 And he said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those in authority over them are called benefactors. 26 But not so with you. Rather, let the greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves. The Disciples’ Failure

34 Luke 22:31-34 (ESV) “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me.” 31 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.” 33 Peter said to him, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death.” 34 Jesus said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me.”

35 Luke 22:31-34 (ESV) “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me.” 31 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.” 33 Peter said to him, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death.” 34 Jesus said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me.” Peter’s Failure

36 Luke 22:31-34 (ESV) 31 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.” 31 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.” 33 Peter said to him, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death.” 34 Jesus said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me.”

37 Luke 22:31-34 (ESV) 31 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.” 31 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.” 33 Peter said to him, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death.” 34 Jesus said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me.” Jesus’ Answered Prayer

38 The Passover Seder

39 Eating of the Green Vegetable P ARTICIPANT : Exodus 2: During those many days the king of Egypt died, and the people of Israel groaned because of their slavery and cried out for help. Their cry for rescue from slavery came up to God. 24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. 25 God saw the people of Israel—and God knew.

40 Eating of the Green Vegetable L EADER : Lifting up the parsley We will take the parsley, called karpas, and we will dip it into the salt water. Green is a symbol of life and Springtime. It reminds us that God is a faithful provider of sustenance for His people. Lifting up the salt water The salt water is to remind us of the tears shed by the oppressed house of Israel in Egypt. With hyssop branches they sprinkled the blood of the lamb on their doorpost (Ex. 1:22).

41 Eating of the Green Vegetable P ARTICIPANT : The meaning of this act is to show how God brought the children of Israel safely across the Red Sea— saltwater—and made of them a new nation—green vegetables. As Christians, we have followed the L ORD through the Red Sea of baptism and have entered into a personal relationship with God, having become His spiritual children.

42 Eating of the Green Vegetable L EADER : You will have an opportunity to eat the parsley later and remember that even though we have painful circumstances in our lives, we will always have the hope of God to free us from our tribulations. A LL : Blessed are You, O L ORD our God, Ruler of the Universe, who created the fruit of the earth.

43 The Four Questions Y OUNGEST : Why is this night different from all other nights? Why on this night do we eat only matzah for bread? Why on this night do we eat only bitter herbs? Why on this night must we dip our vegetables twice? Why, on this night do we put a pillow at the leader’s place to remind us of reclining?

44 The Four Questions L EADER : Tonight is different from all other nights because tonight we will remember what God has done for His people. “The L ORD, said: “And when your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’” then tell them: A LL : “It is the Passover sacrifice to the L ORD, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when He struck down the Egyptians” (Ex. 12:27, 28).

45 The Four Questions P ARTICIPANT : 1. We eat matzah because when our ancestors were told by Pharaoh that they could leave Egypt, they had no time to bake bread with leaven, so they baked it without leaven. P ARTICIPANT : 2. At the Seder, we eat bitter herbs to remind us of the bitterness our ancestors experienced when they were oppressed by the Egyptian taskmasters.

46 The Four Questions P ARTICIPANT : 3. At the Seder, we dip food twice: the parsley in salt water, as we have already explained, and the matzah into bitter herbs, as we shall explain.

47 The Four Questions P ARTICIPANT : 4. In ancient times, slaves ate hurriedly, standing, while royalty and the wealthy in Egypt and other empires, dined on couches. To show that Israel was now free, they too reclined while eating. Once we were slaves, but the L ORD in His goodness and mercy redeemed us with a mighty hand and outstretched arm. We recline to recognize Him for the rest He has given to us.

48 The Bitter Herbs L EADER : The leader lifts up the bitter herbs. These are the bitter herbs which we will eat. The youngest has asked, “What is the reason for them?” A LL : It is because the Egyptians made the lives of our fathers in Egypt so bitter and miserable. As it is said, “And they made their lives so bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and all kinds of labor in the fields,” forcing them to toil long and hard (Ex. 1:14).

49 The Bitter Herbs L EADER : These bitter herbs are symbolic of the bitterness of slavery and the miserable existence in Egypt, and also of the bitterness of death. The Israelites’ firstborn children lived because the lambs died. To us as Christians, the eating of bitter herbs reminds us of our lives before we knew the Savior. The bitter herbs are symbolic of the bitter cup our L ORD tasted on our behalf. The horseradish brings tears to our eyes as we taste it and remember. (See Rom. 6:6-8.) A LL : We live because Christ died.

50 The Lamb Sacrifice L EADER : The Passover Sacrifice, the lamb, which our fathers used to use at the time when the temple still stood—what was the reason for it? A LL : Because the L ORD, blessed be He, passed over the houses of our fathers in Egypt. As it is said, “It is the sacrifice of the L ORD ’s Passover, for He passed over the homes of the children of Israel, when He killed the Eqyptians; He passed over our homes and did not come in to destroy us” (Ex. 12:27).

51 The Lamb Sacrifice L EADER : The Passover Sacrifice signifies atonement and salvation. A perfect lamb, marked for death, is roasted in a fire. The blood on the lintel, making the sign of the cross on each door, provides a refuge against physical and spiritual death. P ARTICIPANT : But why did the children of Israel need to be protected against the angel of death who was sent out to execute judgment upon the oppressor? The answer can be found throughout Scripture, “For there is not a just man on earth, one that does good and does not sin” (Eccles. 7:20).

52 The Lamb Sacrifice P ARTICIPANT : Every human being who fails to live up to the moral law of God is guilty and has to pay with his life. The blood of an innocent lamb becomes the symbol of an innocent life covering a guilty life from the eyes of a holy and just God. “When I see the blood I will pass over you.” The prophecy of Isaiah 53:7 says, “He, the Messiah, is brought as a lamb to the slaughter.” John, seeing Jesus, said, “Behold the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29).

53 The Lamb Sacrifice A LL : Prophecy and history meet. “For even Christ our Passover Lamb is sacrificed for us” (1 Cor. 5:7).

54 Reflection/Diagnostic Questions: 1.What distractions can you clear away so you can better behold the Lamb? 2.What failure do you need to bring to the Lord’s Supper this morning? 3.How can you express your gratitude for our Passover Lamb?

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