Presentation on theme: "Reconciling the New Testament to the Standard of the Torah"— Presentation transcript:
1 Reconciling the New Testament to the Standard of the Torah An Artillery of Responses to Christian Objections About Being Torah Observant
2 What Does It Mean to Be in Covenant Relationship with Yahuwah Elohim What Does It Mean to Be in Covenant Relationship with Yahuwah Elohim? Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' (Shemot 19:5-6)
3 The Test of a ProphetIf a prophet, or one who foretells by dreams, appears among you and announces to you a miraculous sign or wonder,and if the sign or wonder of which he has spoken takes place, and he says, "Let us follow other gods" (gods you have not known) "and let us worship them,"you must not listen to the words of that prophet or dreamer. Yahuwah your Elohim is testing you to find out whether you love him with all your heart and with all your soul.It is Yahuwah your Elohim you must follow, and him you must revere. Keep his commands and obey him; serve him and hold fast to him. (Devarim 13:1-4)
4 “Those People are Commandment Keepers!” Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him." (4th Gospel 14:21)If you obey my commands, you will remain in my love, just as I have obeyed my Father's commands and remain in his love. (4th Gospel 15:10)
5 The Prophet Like Mosheh I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account. (Devarim 18:18-19)
6 A Word to Our Generation When you have experienced all these things, both the blessings and the curses I have set before you, you will reflect upon them in all the nations where Yahuwah your Elohim has banished you. Then if you and your descendants turn to Yahuwah your Elohim and obey him with your whole mind and being just as I am commanding you today, Yahuwah your Elohim will reverse your captivity and have pity on you. He will turn and gather you from all the peoples among whom he has scattered you (Devarim 30:1-3).
7 Yahuwah your Elohim will also cleanse your heart and the hearts of your descendants so that you may love him with all your heart and soul and so that you may live. Then Yahuwah your Elohim will put all these curses on your enemies, on those who hate you and persecute you. You will return and obey Yahuwah, keeping all his commandments I am giving you today. (Devarim 30:4-7).
8 We know that we have come to know him if we obey his commands We know that we have come to know him if we obey his commands. The man who says, "I know him," but does not do what he commands is a liar, and the truth is not in him. But if anyone obeys his word, Elohim's love is truly made complete in him. This is how we know we are in him: Whoever claims to live in him must walk as Yahusha did. (1 John 2:3-6)
9 Dear friends, if our hearts do not condemn us, we have confidence before Elohim and receive from him anything we ask, because we obey his commands and do what pleases him. (1 John 3:21-22) Those who obey his commands live in him, and he in them. And this is how we know that he lives in us: We know it by the Spirit he gave us. (1 John 3:24) (see also Ezekiel 11:19-20)
10 This is how we know that we love the children of Elohim: by loving Elohim and carrying out his commands. This is love for Elohim: to obey his commands. And his commands are not burdensome, (1 John 5:2-3)
11 This calls for patient endurance on the part of the saints who obey Elohim's commandments and remain faithful to Yahusha. (Revelation 14:12) Then the dragon was enraged at the woman and went off to make war against the rest of her offspring-- those who obey Elohim's commandments and hold to the testimony of Yahusha. (Revelation 12:17)
12 Summary: Obeying his commands means: You love him You will remain in his love You have come to know him Elohim’s love is made complete in you You have confidence in him and will receive what you ask You live in him You know that you love Elohim and his children
13 Salvation is Not the Same as Entrance Into the Kingdom Asking Jesus into your heart does not guarantee you acceptance into the Kingdom "Not everyone who says to me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. Many will say to me on that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and in your name drive out demons and perform many miracles?' Then I will tell them plainly, 'I never knew you. Away from me, you workers of lawlessness!'" (Matthew 7:21-23)
14 What Does Torah Say About Life What Does Torah Say About Life? You must observe my regulations and you must be sure to walk in my rules. I am Yahuwah your Elohim. So you must keep my rules and my regulations; anyone who does so will live by keeping them. I am Yahuwah (Vayiqra 18:4,5). My mishpats (judgments) you shall do and my chuks (decrees) you shall guard to walk in them. I am Yahuwah your Mighty One. And you shall guard my chuks (decrees) and my mishpats (judgments). The man who does them even he shall live by them. I am Yahuwah.
15 How to Obtain Life You must keep carefully all these commandments I am giving you today so that you may live, multiply, and go in and occupy the land that Yahuwah promised to your ancestors (Devarim 8:1).
16 Deuteronomy 30 and Life15 See, I set before you today life and prosperity, death and destruction. 16 For I command you today to love Yahuwah your Elohim, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commands, decrees and laws; then you will live and increase, and Yahuwah your Elohim will bless you in the land you are entering to possess.
17 Paul Acknowledges Mosheh Taught That Life Comes Through Obedience For Mosheh writes about the righteousness that is by the Torah (law): "The one who does these things will live by them." (Romans 10:5-7, quoting Devarim 30:16).
18 Deuteronomy 30:17-20However, if you turn aside and do not obey, but are lured away to worship and serve other elohim, I declare to you this very day that you will certainly perish! You will not extend your time in the land you are crossing the Yardan to possess. Today I invoke heaven and earth as a witness against you that I have set life and death, blessing and curse, before you.
19 Deuteronomy 30Therefore choose life so that you and your descendants may live! I also call on you to love Yahuwah your Elohim, to obey him and be loyal to him. For he is your life and enables you to live continually in the land Yahuwah promised to give to your ancestors Avraham, Yitzchak, and Ya'acov" (Devarim 30:19-20).
20 What Do the Prophets Say About Life? But if the wicked person turns from all the sin he has committed and keeps all my rules and does what is just and right, he will surely live; he will not die (Yechezqel [Ezekiel] 18:21). I gave them my rules and revealed my laws to them. The one who obeys them will live by them! I also gave them my Sabbaths as a reminder of our relationship, so that they would know that I, Yahuwah, make them set-apart.
21 Ezekiel 20'But the house of Yisrael rebelled against me in the wilderness; they disobeyed my rules and rejected my laws (the one who obeys them will live by them), and they utterly desecrated my Sabbaths.... Treat my Sabbaths as set-apart and they will be a reminder of our relationship, and then you will know that I am Yahuwah your Elohim.
22 Ezekiel 20'But the children rebelled against me, did not follow my rules, did not observe my laws by obeying them (the one who obeys them will live by them), and desecrated my Sabbaths. I announced that I would pour out my rage on them and fully vent my anger against them in the wilderness (Yechezqel [Ezekiel] 20:11-13, 21).
23 What Does Yeshua Teach About Eternal Life? Now a certain ruler asked him, "Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?" Yahusha said to him, "Why do you call me good? No one is good except Elohim alone. You know the commandments: 'Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not give false testimony, honor your father and mother.'" The man replied, "I have wholeheartedly obeyed all these laws since my youth." (Luke 18:18-21)
24 Another Word From the Master About Inheriting Eternal Life Now a man came up to Yahusha and asked, "Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?“ "Why do you ask me about what is good?" Yahusha replied. "There is only One who is good. If you want to enter life, obey the commandments.“ "Which ones?" the man inquired. Yahusha replied, "'Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, honor your father and mother,' and 'love your neighbor as yourself.'“ (Mt 19:16-19)
25 What is Our Righteousness? Torah: And if we are careful to obey all this Torah before Yahuwah our Elohim, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness.“ (Deut 6:25) Paul: it is not those who hear the Torah who are righteous before Elohim, but those who do the Torah will be declared righteous (Romans 2:13).
26 What is Paul’s “Righteousness by Faith”? For Mosheh writes about the righteousness that is by the Torah (law): "The one who does these things will live by them." So the righteousness that is by faith says: "Do not say in your heart, 'Who will ascend into heaven?'" (that is, to bring Messiah down) or "Who will descend into the abyss?" (that is, to bring Messiah up from the dead) (Romans 10:5-7, quoting Devarim 30:11-13).
27 “Righteousness by Faith” But what does it say? "The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart" (that is, the word of faith that we preach), because if you confess with your mouth that Yahusha is Master and believe in your heart that Elohim raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes and thus has righteousness and with the mouth one confesses and thus has salvation (Romans 10:8-10).
28 Deuteronomy 30This commandment I am giving you today is not too difficult for you, nor is it too remote. It is not in heaven, as though one must say, "Who will go up to heaven to get it for us and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?" And it is not across the sea, as though one must say, "Who will cross over to the other side of the sea and get it for us and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?" For the thing is very near you--it is in your mouth and mind so that you can do it (Devarim 30:11-14).
29 “Jesus Fulfilled the Law So Christians Don’t Have to Keep It” Jesus kept the law perfectly and thereby fulfilled its demands and requirements on Israel… effectively setting it aside…so we don’t have to keep it!Since Jesus died for us, we don’t have to die. He fulfilled the Father’s requirement for death. Likewise he fulfilled the Father’s demands concerning the Law
30 Did Yeshua Do Away With the Law? Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to complete. For truly, I say to you, till the heaven and the earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall by no means pass from the Torah till all be done. (Mattityahu 5:17).
31 “To Fulfill” – Greek pleeroo Can mean do away with, put an end to…But…Depending on how one prefers to interpret the context, (pleeroo) is understood here either as- fulfill=do, carry out, or- as bring to full expression=show it forth in its true mng., or as fill up =complete...(Bauer, p.671)
32 Webster's Collegiate Dictionary lists the word perform as a synonym for fulfill, which means "to adhere to the terms of.., carry out, do..., give a rendition of...", or, "to carry out an action or pattern of behavior." And as a synonym for perform, "fulfill implies a complete realization of ends or possibilities." (Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield: Merriam-Webster Inc., 1987, pp.497,873)
33 Whoever, then, breaks one of the least of these commands, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the reign of the heavens; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the reign of the heavens. For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall by no means enter into the reign of the heavens (Mattityahu 5:18-20).
34 Christians Should Obey the New Law of Jesus, Not the Old Testament Law of the Jews Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. (4th Gospel 14:21)And the Master also said, If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. (4th Gospel 14:23)
35 Is It Even Possible That Yeshua Brought a New Law? If a prophet, or one who foretells by dreams, appears among you and announces to you a miraculous sign or wonder,and if the sign or wonder of which he has spoken takes place, and he says, "Let us follow other gods" (gods you have not known) "and let us worship them,“ (Devarim [Deut] 13:1-2)
36 you must not listen to the words of that prophet or dreamer you must not listen to the words of that prophet or dreamer. The LORD your God is testing you to find out whether you love him with all your heart and with all your soul. It is the LORD your God you must follow, and him you must revere. Keep his commands and obey him; serve him and hold fast to him.
37 That prophet or dreamer must be put to death, because he preached rebellion against the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt and redeemed you from the land of slavery; he has tried to turn you from the way the LORD your God commanded you to follow. You must purge the evil from among you. (Devarim [Deut] 13:3-5)
38 Are Messiah’s Teachings Different? So Yahusha said, "When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am [the one I claim to be] and that I do nothing on my own but speak just what the Father has taught me. The one who sent me is with me; he has not left me alone, for I always do what pleases him." (4th Gospel 8:28-29)
39 For I did not speak of my own accord, but the Father who sent me commanded me what to say and how to say it. I know that his command leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father has told me to say." (4th Gospel 12:49-50)
40 This is the command – the decrees and rulings Yahuwah your Elohim directed me to teach you to observe in the land that you are crossing the Yarden to possess, so that you, your children and their children after them may fear Yahuwah your Elohim as long as you live by keeping all his decrees and commands that I give you, and so that you may enjoy long life. (Devarim [Deut] 6:1-2)
41 What Does Yeshua Teach About Eternal Life What Does Yeshua Teach About Eternal Life? Now a certain ruler asked him, "Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?" Yeshua said to him, "Why do you call me good? No one is good except Elohim alone. You know the commandments: 'Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not give false testimony, honor your father and mother.'" The man replied, "I have wholeheartedly obeyed all these laws since my youth." (Luke 18:18-21)
42 Now a man came up to Yeshua and asked, "Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?“ "Why do you ask me about what is good?" Yeshua replied. "There is only One who is good. If you want to enter life, obey the commandments.“ "Which ones?" the man inquired. Yeshua replied, "'Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, honor your father and mother,' and 'love your neighbor as yourself.'“ (Matthew 19:16-19)
43 Do not believe me unless I do what my Father does. (4th Gospel 10:37)
44 “Those Who Keep the Law are Trying to Earn Their Salvation Through Works” For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith - and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of Elohim - not by works, so that no one can boast.For we are Elohim's workmanship, created in Messiah Yahusha to do good works, which Elohim prepared in advance for us to do. (Ephesians 2:8-10)
45 The accusation is simply NOT true The accusation is simply NOT true. Commandment keepers are not trying to earn their salvation, but are genuinely following thru with their commitment to Elohim. "Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. (Matthew 28:19-20).
46 “We are Not Saved by Works of the Law, But By Faith in Jesus” Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. (Galatians 2:16, KJV)
47 Bear in mind that our Master's patience means salvation, just as our dear brother Paul also wrote you with the wisdom that Elohim gave him. He writes the same way in all his letters, speaking in them of these matters. His letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people distort, as they do the other Scriptures, to their own destruction. (2 Peter 3:15-16)
48 “Works of the Law” These works which are defined as an action, deed, work; precedent are not the same as the "works" of obeying Elohim's commandments. The Pharisaic and Rabbinic term "works of the law" means something very different. For a Pharisee, the "works of the law" is an action of a Rabbi or sage that justified the practical manner in which a tradition should be observed. Thus, the "works of the law" were laws based on the actions or “works” of a rabbi. If a Pharisee or Rabbi performed a certain action, then that action was established as law, and was known as a "work of the law."
49 Once it happened (ma-aseh) those of R Once it happened (ma-aseh) those of R. Gamaliel came home (late) from a wedding feast and they said to him: We have not yet recited the (evening) sh’ma. He said to them: If the dawn has not yet come up you are still bound to recite. And not in respect to this alone did they so decide, but whenever the sages say until midnight, the precept may be performed until the dawn comes up. (Berachot 2a)
50 “Faith” as used by PaulHebrew emunah – faithfulness, fidelity, steadfastness, reliability, loyalty“Faith” is born when one places their trust in Elohim. Faith lives on in an environment of trusting obedience and fidelity to His ways.
51 For it is by grace you have been saved, through trustful fidelity - and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of Elohim - not by works (of human origin), so that no one can boast. For we are Elohim's workmanship, created in Messiah Yahusha to do good works, which Elohim prepared in advance for us to do. (Ephesians 2:8-10) If you don’t do what you were created for…
52 “We are Not Under the Law, But Under Grace” For sin shall not be your master, because you are not under law, but under grace. (Romans 6:14)What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? By no means! (Romans 6:15)“under law” = “under condemnation of Torah”
53 Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law. (Galatians 3:10) Deuteronomy 27:26 - Cursed is the man who does not uphold the words of this law by carrying them out.
54 Everyone who sins breaks the law; in fact, sin is lawlessness Everyone who sins breaks the law; in fact, sin is lawlessness. (1 John 3:4) But you know that he appeared so that he might take away our sins. And in him is no sin. No one who lives in him keeps on sinning. No one who continues to sin has either seen him or known him. (1 John 3:5-6)
55 Don't you know that when you offer yourselves to someone to obey him as slaves, you are slaves to the one whom you obey-- whether you are slaves to sin, which leads to death, or to obedience, which leads to righteousness? But thanks be to Elohim that, though you used to be slaves to sin, you wholeheartedly obeyed the form of teaching to which you were entrusted. You have been set free from sin and have become slaves to righteousness. (Romans 6:16-18)
56 “Those Who Keep the Law Have Fallen From Grace” You who are trying to be justified by law have been alienated from Messiah; you have fallen away from grace. (Galatians 5:4)What brings favor? Does Elohim favor sinners?
57 Therefore, those who put their trust in obedience to the laws and traditions of the Pharisees, or any other man made law code, are trying to gain acceptance with God through worthless "law keeping." There is no justification (righteousness) in doing this. So those who continue to hold to man's laws and man's traditions after they have received Messiah are actually falling back into the old ways which brought them slavery and guilt.
58 “People Who Obey the Law are Under a Curse” All who rely on observing the law are under a curse, for it is written: "Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law." (Galatians 3:10)Cursed is the man who does not uphold the words of this law by carrying them out. (Deut 27:26)
59 “The Only Thing that Really Matters is that You Believe in Jesus” “John” 3:161 John 3:23 And this is his command: to believe in the name of his Son, Yahusha Messiah, and to love one another as he commanded us.
60 OK. What Does it Mean – According to the Bible – “to Believe”?
61 Unbelief = to treat with contempt Yahuwah said to Mosheh, "How long will these people treat me with contempt? How long will they refuse to believe in me, in spite of all the miraculous signs I have performed among them? (Num 14:11)
62 Believing = TrustingWhen Yahuwah heard them, he was very angry; his fire broke out against Ya'acov, and his wrath rose against Yisrael, for they did not believe in Elohim or trust in his deliverance. (Psalm 78:21-22)
63 Sinning = Not Believing In spite of all this, they kept on sinning; in spite of his wonders, they did not believe. (Psalm 78:32)
64 To Not Believe = To Not Obey Then they despised the pleasant land; they did not believe his promise. They grumbled in their tents and did not obey Yahuwah. (Psalm 106:24-25)Therefore, To Believe = To Obey
65 Are We Judged by our Belief in Jesus/Yeshua or by our Works Are We Judged by our Belief in Jesus/Yeshua or by our Works? Poorly framed question… Actually, our “works” identify our belief We are judged by our belief which is manifesting in our works – we really believe what we do.
66 "'I Yahuwah have spoken. The time has come for me to act "'I Yahuwah have spoken. The time has come for me to act. I will not hold back; I will not have pity, nor will I relent. You will be judged according to your conduct and your actions, declares Adonai Yahuwah.’” (Ezekiel 24:14)
67 I dispersed them among the nations, and they were scattered through the countries; I judged them according to their conduct and their actions. (Ezekiel 36:19)
68 Yet, O house of Yisrael, you say, 'The way of Yahuwah is not just Yet, O house of Yisrael, you say, 'The way of Yahuwah is not just.' But I will judge each of you according to his own ways.” (Ezekiel 33:20)
69 According to what they have done, so will he repay wrath to his enemies and retribution to his foes; he will repay the islands their due. (Isaiah 59:18)
70 What Does Yeshua Say? For the Son of Man is going to come in his Father's glory with his angels, and then he will reward each person according to what he has done. (Matthew 16:27)
71 What Does Paul Say?Elohim "will give to each person according to what he has done.” (Romans 2:6)
72 Another book was opened, which is the book of life Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what he had done. (Revelation 20:12-13)
74 But in your hearts set apart Messiah as Master But in your hearts set apart Messiah as Master. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect, keeping a clear conscience, so that those who speak maliciously against your good behavior in Messiah may be ashamed of their slander. (1 Peter 3:15-16)
75 a speech of defense, defense, reply ApologyGreek, apologiaa speech of defense, defense, replythe act of making a defense, defensehear the defense which I now make to you Ac 22:1my reply to those who sit in judgment over me 1 Cor 9:3.
76 Gentlenessthe quality of not being overly impressed by a sense of one’s self-importance, gentleness, humility, courtesy, considerateness, meeknessA gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. (Proverbs 15:1)
77 How Far Will You Get With People When You Are: Arrogant (I have the truth, you don’t)Impatient (interrupting), FrustratedDisrespectful (you don’t really believe that, do you? That’s ridiculous. That’s stupid.)Overbearing - Voice Elevated (shouting match)
78 Be wise in the way you act toward outsiders; make the most of every opportunity. Let your word (message) be always full of grace, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how to answer everyone. (Colossians 4:5-6) Our actions and attitudes must match the message
79 Preparing to Give an Answer Know the WordDiscipleship TrainingBe in Sync With the Ruach HaKodeshKnow the Voice of ElohimBe in PrayerSpeak with Authority, Confidence, not like you are not sureDon’t overwhelm with everything you knowLeave Room for the Holy Spirit to Bring it Home
80 Summary An Effective Witness to the Truth Must Be: Spirit Filled Knowledgeable about the ScripturesGentle and RespectfulWise and DiscerningWalking the Walk, Not Just Talking the Talk
81 Visit David’s Website for More Information about the Hebrew Roots of the Faith www.BibleTruth.cc