Presentation on theme: "-:CHILDHOOD:- BORN : March 14,1879 Albert Einstein was born to a middle-class German Jewish family. His parents were concerned that he scarcely talked."— Presentation transcript:
-:CHILDHOOD:- BORN : March 14,1879 Albert Einstein was born to a middle-class German Jewish family. His parents were concerned that he scarcely talked until the age of three, but he was not so much a backward as a quiet child. "It is almost a miracle that modern teaching methods have not yet entirely strangled the holy curiosity of inquiry; for what this delicate little plant needs more than anything, besides stimulation, is freedom." BORN : March 14,1879 Albert Einstein was born to a middle-class German Jewish family. His parents were concerned that he scarcely talked until the age of three, but he was not so much a backward as a quiet child. "It is almost a miracle that modern teaching methods have not yet entirely strangled the holy curiosity of inquiry; for what this delicate little plant needs more than anything, besides stimulation, is freedom." -ALBERT EINSTEIN
The house in Ulm where Einstein was born. Soon afterwards the family moved to Munich, a bustling city where his father hoped to find a better environment for his shaky business.
*FAMILY * HERMANN PAULINE ALBERT WITH SISTER MAJA
Eduard Einstein, Mileva Einstein, and Hans Einstein, 1914 Einstein and his wife Mileva with their first son
* EDUCATION * School class photograph in Munich, 1889. Einstein is in the front row, second from right. He did well only in mathematics and in Latin (whose logic he admired). Good grades Outstanding in mathematics Munich high school Real study at home Teacher suggestion Moved to Italy
*HIGHER EDUCATION* The Physics Institute of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich. "I worked most of the time in the physics laboratory," Einstein recalled, "fascinated by the direct contact with experience." Graduated from Aargau school
The Physical Institute of the Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, ca. 1900
* FRIENDS* Marcel Grossman, Einstein, Gustav Grislier, and Eugene Grossman. Marcel Grossman, whom Einstein met in Zurich, quickly recognized his friend's genius. Fortunately his friend Marcel Grossmann had the conventional traits Einstein lacked. While Einstein worked in the library or the laboratory, Grossmann took excellent notes at the mathematics lectures, and gladly shared them with his friend before examinations
AFTER GRADUATION The patent office in Bern: "That secular cloister," Einstein wrote Basso, "ewhre I hatched my most beautiful ideas and where we had such good times together." Number of efforts for job Finally got job Get stage for devote his thought & publish scientific papers
*Academy member* "Academy" members Konrad Habricht, Maurice Solovine, and Einstein in 1909 he was appointed associate professor at the University of Zurich. He was also invited to present his theories before the annual convention of German scientists. He met many people he had known only through et their writings, such as the physicist Max Planck of Berlin. Soon Einstein was invited to the German University in Prague as full professor. Here he met a visiting Austrian physicist, Paul Ehrenfest. "Within a few hours we were true friends," Einstein recalled, "as though our dreams and aspirations were made for each other."
Einstein Speaks on the Fate of the European Jewsi As long as Nazi violence was unleashed only, or mainly, against the Jews, the rest of the world looked on passively and even treaties and agreements were made with the patently criminal government of the Third Reich.... The doors of Palestine were closed to Jewish immigrants, and no country could be found that would admit those forsaken people. They were left to perish like their brothers and sisters in the occupied countries. We shall never forget the heroic efforts of the small countries, of the Scandinavian, the Dutch, the Swiss nations, and of individuals in the occupied part of Europe who did all in their power to protect Jewish lives.".
It followed from the special theory of relativity that mass and energy are both but different manifestations of the same thing -- a somewhat unfamiliar conception for the average mind. Furthermore, the equation E is equal to m c-squared, in which energy is put equal to mass, multiplied by the square of the velocity of light, showed that very small amounts of mass may be converted into a very large amount of energy and vice versa. The mass and energy were in fact equivalent, according to the formula mentioned above. This was demonstrated by Cockcroft and Walton in 1932, experimentally." Einstein Explains the Equivalence of Energy and matter E=mc 2
The Solvay Congress of 1927 Front Row: I. Langmuir, M. Planck, Mme. Curie, H.A. Lorentz, A. Einstein, P. Langevin, Ch. E. Guye, C.T.R. Wilson, O.W. Richardson Middle Row: P. Debye, M. Knudsen, W.L. Bragg, H.A. Kramers, P.A.M. Dirac, A.H. Compton, L. de Broglie, M. Born, N. Bohr Back Row: A. Piccard, E. Henriot, P. Ehrenfest, Ed. Herzen, Th. De Donder, E. Schrödinger, E. Verschaffelt, W. Pauli, W. Heisenberg, R.H. Fowler, L. Brillouin