2Learning objectivesExplain why some Northern Democrats criticized Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.Explain why Lincoln thought July 4, 1776, was the birthday of the United States.Articulate the connection Lincoln made between emancipation and preserving the Union.Describe the "unfinished task" that Lincoln presented to the American people at Gettysburg.
3Guiding QuestionHow did Lincoln see the Civil War as an opportunity for the nation to bring forth a "new birth of freedom" (or liberty for all), and why was this necessary for the survival of American self-government?
4Choose one of the following Write a one paragraph response:For what causes did Lincoln believe the soldiers were fighting in the Civil War?Why date the nation's birth or origin to the Declaration of Independence and not the ratification of the Constitution?How does a nation ensure that free government "shall not perish from the earth"? What is "the great task remaining before" any free people?What were the main differences between the editorialist from the Chicago Times and President Lincoln on the purpose of the Civil War?For further thought and reflection:Count how often Lincoln uses the word "nation" in his Gettysburg Address. Why do you think he uses "nation" repeatedly, and not the word "union" at all? What might "nation" suggest or make clear that "union" does not?Lincoln never mentions slavery in his Gettysburg Address. Why not? How is it implied in his dedicatory remarks?