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Book 2 Unit 6 Famous Speeches Text A: Presidential Election Victory Speeches Quit.

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1 Book 2 Unit 6 Famous Speeches Text A: Presidential Election Victory Speeches Quit

2 Contents 1 2 3 4 5 Background Information & Cultural Notes Lead-in Text Structures Sentence Study Text A Quit Words & Phrases Key to Exercises 6

3 The Dust Bowl Birmingham campaign Selma to Montgomery marches Montgomery Bus Boycott Background Information & Cultural Notes Home

4 The Dust Bowl, or the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie 大草原 lands from 1930 to 1936 (in some areas until 1940). The phenomenon was caused by severe drought coupled with decades of extensive farming without crop rotation 轮种, fallow fields 休耕, cover crops 覆盖作物 or other techniques to prevent wind erosion. For eight years dust blew on the southern plains. It came in a yellowish-brown haze 阴霾 from the South and in rolling walls of black from the North. The simplest acts of life — breathing, eating a meal, taking a walk — were no longer simple. Children wore dust masks to and from school, women hung wet sheets over windows in a futile attempt to stop the dirt, farmers watched helplessly as their crops blew away. Background Information & Cultural Notes Back Home

5 Yellowish brown haze

6 Montgomery Bus Boycott 蒙哥马利抵制公共汽车公司运动 ( The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign that started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, United States, intended to oppose the city‘s policy of racial segregation 种族隔离 on its public transit system. Many important figures in the civil rights movement were involved in the boycott, including Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph Abernathy, and others, as listed below. The boycott caused crippling financial deficit for the Montgomery public transit system, because the city's black population who were the principal boycotters were also the bulk of the system's paying customers. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional. Background Information & Cultural Notes Back Home Browder was a Montgomery housewife; Gayle was the mayor of Montgomery.

7 Background Information & Cultural Notes Rosa Parks having her fingerprints taken after her arrest on 1st December, 1955. Home Back

8 Birmingham campaign Background Information & Cultural Notes Back Home High school students are hit by a high-pressure water jet from a firehose during a protest in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1963, as photographed by Charles Moore. Images like this one, printed in Life, inspired international support for the demonstrators

9 Birmingham campaign The Birmingham campaign was a strategic movement organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the unequal treatment that black Americans endured in Birmingham, Alabama. The campaign ran during the spring of 1963, culminating in widely publicized confrontations between black youth and white civic authorities, that eventually pressured the municipal government to change the city's discrimination laws. Organizers, led by Martin Luther King, Jr. used nonviolent direct action tactics to defy laws they considered unfair. King summarized the philosophy of the Birmingham campaign when he said: "The purpose of... direct action is to create a situation so crisis-packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation" Back Home 以.. 为 终点 对抗

10 Selma to Montgomery marches Background Information & Cultural Notes Back Home Alabama state troopers attack civil-rights demonstrators outside Selma, Alabama, on Bloody Sunday, March 7, 1965.

11 The Selma to Montgomery marches The Selma to Montgomery marches were three marches in 1965 that marked the political and emotional peak of the American civil rights movement. They grew out of the voting rights movement in Selma, Alabama, launched by local African-Americans who formed the Dallas County Voters League (DCVL). In 1963, the DCVL and organizers from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) began voter-registration work. When white resistance to Black voter registration proved intractable, the DCVL requested the assistance of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, who brought many prominent civil rights and civic leaders to support voting rights. 棘手的 Home Back

12 The Selma to Montgomery marches The first march took place on March 7, 1965 — “Bloody Sunday” — when 600 civil rights marchers were attacked by state and local police with billy clubs 警棍 and tear gas. The second march, the following Tuesday, resulted in 2,500 protesters turning around after crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge. The third march started March 16. The marchers averaged 10 miles (16 km) a day along U.S. Route 80, known in Alabama as the “Jefferson Davis Highway”. Protected by 2,000 soldiers of the U.S. Army, 1,900 members of the Alabama National Guard under Federal command, and many FBI agents and Federal Marshals 法警, they arrived in Montgomery on March 24, and at the Alabama State Capitol on March 25. The route is memorialized as the Selma To Montgomery Voting Rights Trail, a U.S. National Historic Trail. Home Back

13 Lead-in Can you name some famous speeches you have ever known? Home Question 1

14 Lead-in Gettysburg Address (Abraham Lincoln) 葛底斯堡演说 (1863 年 11 月 19 日美国总统林 肯在葛底斯堡举行的国家公墓献礼上作的 简短演说 ) I Have a Dream (Martin Luther King, Jr.) 马丁 · 路德 · 金( Martin Luther King, Jr. , 1929 年 1 月 15 日 —1968 年 4 月 4 日),著名的 美国民权运动领袖, 1964 年度诺贝尔和平 奖获得者,有金牧师之称 。 We Shall Fight on the Beaches (Winston Churchill) I would say to the House, as I said to those who have joined this Government: “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.” Home Question 1 Question 1 Can you name some famous speeches you have ever known? Infamy Speech 国耻日演讲 (Franklin D. Roosevelt) Yesterday, December 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. Kennedy Inauguration 就职典礼演讲 (John F. Kennedy ) Quit India 退出印度 (Mahatma Gandhi) Freedom or Death (Emmeline Pankhurst) a feminist

15 Lead-in Why can these speeches be so great? Question 2 Home

16 Lead-in Home Question 2 Question 2 Why can these speeches be so great? Success of any speech depends on two factors – its context and the way in which it is orated. Comprising deep thoughts and smoothest textual symmetries, great speeches are notable for changing the course of history and inspiring unfearing feats to fight against all odds! Orate: [ ɔ :'reit, ' ɔ :reit] vi. 演说,演讲;用演说的腔调说 fight against all odds: 克服重重困难

17 Lead-in What makes a good speech? Question 3 Home

18 Lead-in Home Question 3 Question 3 What makes a good speech? 1. Penetrating theme 2. Logical structure 3. Expressive language

19 Text Structure I. (1-5) Point out the significance of the victory of this election Home II. (6-16) Give thanks to the people who are concerned III. (17-30) Face the challenges ahead together with the traditional American values and the new spirit IV. (31-39) Recall how America has changed throughout the time with the example of Ann Nixon Cooper V. (40-43) Call for the common responsibility to make the change and progress.

20 Sentence Study It’s the answer spoken by young and old, rich and poor, Democrat and Republican, black, white, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, gay, straight, disabled and not disabled— Americans who sent a message to the world that we have never been just a collection of individuals or a collection of Red States and Blue States: we are, and always will be, the United States of America. (Para. 3) 1 Home Red States and Blue States: (美国的)民主党和共和党 To Be Continued

21 Sentence Study Paraphrase: This question has been clearly answered by the people’s active participation in this election, whether they are young or old, rich or poor, Democrat or Republican, black, white, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, gay, straight, disabled or not disabled. By these actions, Americans have showed the world that America is not made up of separated supporters of either Democratic Party or Republican Party, but we are deeply united as one big nation. 1 这个回答来自青年、老人、穷人、富人、民主党、共和 党人、黑皮肤、白皮肤、拉美人、亚裔、印第安人、同 性恋和非同性恋者、残疾人和健全者。美国告诉世界, 我们从来就不是一半红、一半蓝,我们现在是,永远都 是美利坚合众国。 Home

22 Sentence Study It’s the answer that led those who have been told for so long by so many to be cynical, and fearful, and doubtful of what we can achieve to put their hands on the arc of history and bend it once more toward the hope of a better day. (Para. 4) 2 Home To Be Continued Cynical : 愤世嫉俗的;冷嘲的 1. He smiled a cynical smile. 他皮笑肉不笑。 2. 这个观点相当愤世嫉俗,但并不意味着他说错了。 It is a bitterly cynical view, but that doesn’t mean he’s wrong.

23 Sentence Study Paraphrase: There are some people who have been made to no longer trust what we can achieve. But this time, in this election, those people have been persuaded to take active part and together help to make our country a better place. 2 Home 很多人,在长久以往的耳濡目染中愤世嫉俗、担忧、怀疑。 但今天他们做出了回答。他们的双手扭转了历史,让历史 转向充满希望的新的一天。

24 Sentence Study It grew strength from the young people who rejected the myth of their generation’s apathy; who left their homes and their families for jobs that offered little pay and less sleep;... (Para. 15) apathy : ['æpəθi] n. 冷漠,无兴趣,漠不关心;无感情 3 Home To Be Continued The opposite of love isn’t hate; it’s apathy. 爱的对立面不是恨,而是无动于衷。

25 Sentence Study Paraphrase: One driving force of my success came from those young people who refused to imitate their peers who showed indifference to what is going on, from those young people who gave up staying at their comfortable homes and volunteered to join my election campaign though it meant little pay and less sleep;… 3 Home 我们的胜利来自于年轻人 —— 那些远离家人承担辛苦但收 入微薄的竞选工作的年轻人。他们反驳了关于他们是冷漠 的一代的谬论。 …

26 Sentence Study What began 21 months ago in the depths of winter cannot end on this autumn night. This victory alone is not the change we seek–It is only the change for us to make that change. And that cannot happen if we go back to the way things were. (Para.23) 4 Home To Be Continued Paraphrase: Twenty one months ago in the deep winter, we started a journey to seek to bring change to America by electing a president who can change America. Now we have succeeded in fulfilling that task. But let us be clear that, making me the president is not the change we are looking for. This only meant that we now have the opportunity to make the change that we want, but as for the real change we’re looking for, it will never come to us if we give up trying and let everything be as they were.

27 Sentence Study 4 二十一个月之前那个深冬开始的胜利之路,不会 在今天这个秋夜止步。这个胜利本身并不是我们 所追求的。这只是给了我们机会,去实现我们期 待的转变。而如果我们退回原地则什么也不会发 生。没有你们的参与,也不会发生。 Home

28 Sentence Study …while the Democratic Party has won a great victory tonight, we do so with a measure of humility and determination to heal the divides that have held back our progress. (Para.26) humility: [hju:‘miləti] n. 谦卑,谦逊 [ 复数 humilities ] 5 Home hold back: 隐瞒;退缩;抑制;阻止 To Be Continued

29 Sentence Study Paraphrase: …the Democratic Party Has won a great victory in the election tonight, but we must be aware that we got this success because we have carried with quite a modest attitude and a very strong determination to get rid of the obstacles that have prevented us from developing. Home 今晚民主党所取得的伟大胜利,将促使我们更加谦虚、更 加坚定地弥合曾经阻碍我们前进的分裂。 5

30 1.unsung 2.hatch 3.apathy 4.scorching 5.perish 6.enormity 7.strain 8.huddle 9.tyranny 10.cynicism New Words 1.dig into 2. Pitch in 3. Hold back Expressions New Words & Expressions Home

31 unsung [, ʌ n's ʌ ŋ] adj. not famous or acclaimed (歌)未唱的;未被赞颂 的,埋没的 New Words 1. unsung No song unsung, no wine untasted. 2. 他们是中国经济奇迹的无名英雄。 Back Para 11, Line 1 1. 终日高歌,把酒言欢。 They are the unsung heroes of the Chinese economic miracle. 3. 默默无闻 的编辑理应受到一些赞扬。 An unsung editor deserves some of the orchids.

32 New Words 2. hatch hatch [hæt ʃ ] n. 孵化,舱口 v. 1. emerge from the eggs (young birds, fish, and reptiles hatch ) 孵化 2. devise or invent 策划 Back 1. 最大的那个蛋没有孵出鸭子 来。 The largest egg did not hatch. Para. 13, Line 2 2. 他们在搞阴谋。 They are hatching a plot. 3. 两个人很快从舱口下去不见了。 Both men quickly disappeared down the hatch.

33 apathy ['æpəθi] n. 1. an absence of emotion or enthusiasm 2. the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally 冷漠,无兴趣,漠不关心;无感情 New Words 3. apathy 1. 她无动于衷地听了这个 “ 故事 ” 。 She heard the story with apathy. Back 2. 人民对公众事务的冷漠态度使政府忧虑。 The apathy of the people to public affairs worried the government. Para. 15, Line 2

34 scorching ['sk ɔ :t ʃ iŋ] adj. hot and dry enough to burn or parch ( 烤干) a surface 灼热的;激烈的; New Words 4. scorching 1. 今天像火烤一样地热。 It’s scorching hot today. Back 2. 整天在灼热的阳光下工作已 把我累垮了。 Working in the scorching sun all day has knocked me up. Para. 15, Line 3 3. 他说这是十分不妥的,因为人们 被迫忍受炎热和沙暴。 He says this is particularly unpleasant, as people are forced to endure scorching heat and dust storms.

35 perish ['peri ʃ ] v. pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life 死亡;毁灭;腐烂;枯萎 New Words 5. perish 1. 许多士兵会死于战斗。 Many soldiers would perish in battle. 2. 霜降时,花即枯萎。 Flowers perish when frost comes. Back 3. 相信谎言的人将被真相摧毁。 He that trusts in a lie shall perish in truth. Para. 15, Line 6

36 enormity [i'n ɔ :məti] n. vastness of size or extent 巨大 New Words 6. enormity 3. 这残忍的凶手因罪行的凶残被处以死刑。 The cruel murderer was put to death for the enormity of his crime. 2. 毋庸置疑地,在面对巨大挑战时,他因畏惧而颤栗。 No doubt the enormity of the challenge before him made him tremble with fear. Back Para. 17, Line 2 1. 你们这样做是因为你们明白横在面前的任务有多麽艰巨。 You did it because you understand the enormity of the task that lies ahead.

37 strain [strein] v. to exert much effort or energy ; use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity 拉紧;尽力 n. 张力;拉紧; New Words 7. strain 1. 这么做将增加金融市场的压力。 That will add strain to financial markets. 2. 不要把弦绷得太紧。 Don’t strain your mind too much Back 3. 这场被一些西方国家抨击的运动,将进 一步使俄罗斯和西方国家的关系紧绷,并 已经因为最近南奥塞梯的冲突恶化了。 The move, which was slammed by some Western countries, will further strain Russia‘s ties with the West, already deteriorated due to the recent clashes in South Ossetia. Para. 26, Line 4

38 huddle [‘h ʌ dl] v. crowd or draw together ; 蜷缩;挤作一团 n. a disorganized and densely packed crowd 拥挤;混乱 New Words 8. huddle 1. 他们在外面的雨中蜷缩着。 They huddled outside in the rain. 3. 该地区夜间温度低于零度,许多人不得不在由塑料布和毯子搭建 的临时避难所内挤作一团,相互取暖。 Nighttime temperatures in the region are below freezing and many people were forced to huddle together for warmth under makeshift shelters of plastic sheets and blankets. Back Para. 28, Line 2 2. 有杂乱的一群人围着受伤的人。 There is a huddle of people around the injured man.

39 tyranny ['tirəni] n. a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.); dominance through threat of punishment and violence 暴政;专横; 严酷;残暴的行为(需用复数) New Words 9. tyranny 1. 无法治,则专制。 Where laws end, tyranny begins. 2. 不柔和的力量是暴行。 Strength without gentleness is tyranny. 3. 消灭法西斯主义;消灭苛政。 Stamp fascism into submission; stamp out tyranny. Back Para. 37, Line 1

40 cynicism ['sini,sizəm] n. a cynical feeling of distrust 玩世不恭,愤 世嫉俗;犬儒主义;冷嘲热讽 New Words 10. cynicism 1. 但是在目前,冷嘲热讽不太合适。 For now, however, such cynicism is misplaced. 2. 但这只会助长我们对政府的厌恶与不信任感。 Because it feeds into the cynicism we all have about government. 3. 我们不应让必要的怀疑态度滑向玩世不恭。 We must not allow our necessary skepticism to degenerate into cynicism. Back Para. 42, Line 4

41 dig into:1. 挖掘, 2. 把 … 戳进 …, 3. 调查, 刻苦钻研 New Words dig into 1. He dug into the ground to get something. 他挖掘土地寻找东西。 2. He dug a fork into the meat. 他把叉子叉入肉中。 3. The detectives are digging into this whole business. 侦探们彻底地调查了整个事件。 Back Para. 14, Line 1

42 dig into:1. 挖掘, 2. 把 … 戳进 …, 3. 调查, 刻苦钻研 New Words dig into 4. We’ll have to dig into our savings to buy a car. 我们将得动用存款买汽车。 5. They had to dig into their cooky jar to pull through the crisis. 他们不得不动用储蓄以度过这场危机。 6. Dig into a subject 钻研一个题目 / dig into books 钻书本 Back Para. 14, Line 1

43 pitch in: 1. 把 … 扔进, 2. 加入, 投入 New Words pitch in 1. Why do you pitch in so much money? 你为什么贡献这么多钱? 2. Please pitch in the waste paper to the dustbin. 请把废纸丢进垃圾箱。 3. If everyone pitches in, we'll soon have the job finished. 要是人人动手, 这工作马上就能完成。 Back Para. 24, Line 2

44 Hold back: 1. 阻碍, 阻止 2. 控制 ; 抑制 New Words hold back 1. He was so impatient that I could hardly hold him back. 他是那样急躁, 我简直拉不住他。 2.They built dykes and dam to hold back the rising flood waters. 他们修筑了堤坝来阻挡上涨的洪水。 3.She couldn't hold back her tears any longer and wept aloud. 她再也忍不住了, 大声哭泣起来。 Though very angry, I held back from telling him exactly what I thought. 尽管我非常生气, 仍克制自己未将我的感想告诉他。 Back Para. 26, Line 3

45 Hold back: 1. 阻碍, 阻止 2. 控制 ; 抑制 New Words hold back 3. She couldn't hold back her tears any longer and wept aloud. 她再也忍不住了, 大声哭泣起来。 4. Though very angry, I held back from telling him exactly what I thought. 尽管我非常生气, 仍克制自己未将我的感想告诉他。 Back Para. 26, Line 3

46 Key to Exercises 1. Reading Comprehension a. Choose the sentences that best express the meaning of the statement from the text. (1)B (2)C (3)B (4)C (5)C Home

47 Key to Exercises (1) enthusiasm; making their votes to choose; wait long hours (2)donated; contributed; impossible (3) its ideals; democracy; liberty; opportunity; unyielding hope (4)disastrous things; more equal; more democratic (5)job opportunities; prosperous; peace; American dream; what they are after b. Fill in the blanks with the information you have learned in the text. Home

48 Key to Exercises 2.Vocabulary a.Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the words or phrases you have learned in the text. (1)hold back (2)scorching (3)enormity (4)thrive (5)better off(6)tyranny (7)cynicism (8)stretch (9)strained (10)huddled Home

49 Key to Exercises 2.Vocabulary (1)B (2)C (3)A (4)B (5)C (6)A (7)D (8)C (9)C (10)B b. Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined one. Home

50 Key to Exercises 3. Cloze choose an appropriate word from the following list to fill in each of the following blanks. Each word can be used only once. Change the form where necessary. (1)well (2)elect (3)oldest (4)African-American (5)discrimination (6)generated (7)accelerates (8)louder (9)developing (10)voters (11)demonstrated(12)nomination (13)multicultural (14)benefits (15)compete (16)together(17)looking for (18)sense (19)represents (20)excelled Home

51 Key to Exercises 4. Translation a. Chinese to English: Translate the following sentences into English. (2) We were all astonished beyond measure on hearing that Tom and Jane are getting married after knowing each other for merely two weeks. (1) To dismiss John from his job when his wife has just left him would be hitting a man when he is down. Home To Be Continued

52 Key to Exercises 4. Translation a. Chinese to English: Translate the following sentences into English. (3) She began to put the house straight, making beds and washing dishes, cleaning and tidying; but she could not summon up any spirit at all. Home (4) D espite the differences in color, race and creed, we are one country, mourning together and facing danger together. To Be Continued

53 Key to Exercises 4. Translation a. Chinese to English Translate the following sentences into English. (6) John Travolta has been obsessed with planes since he was a little boy. When he was eight years old, his mother and sister pitched in to get him a fancy toy plane for Christmas. (5) With love I will tear down the wall for suspicion and hate in people’s hearts and build bridges of love to their souls. Home To Be Continued

54 Key to Exercises 4. Translation a. Chinese to English Translate the following sentences into English. (7) Wish you a very successful semester as you dig into the science of psychology and put it into practice in your own lives, and think about how to take psychology from the classroom to the world. Home (8) They are a group of fearless fighters, and as a group they have conquered one difficulty after another. Though they met with many difficulties, they are still carrying out the plan with determination and devotion.

55 Key to Exercises 4. Translation a. Chinese to English Translate the following paragraph into English. The past 30 years of reform and opening-up have brought about historical changes in China’s relation with the rest of the world. China, once a closed and semi-closed society, has opened itself to the outside world. China actively participates in international and regional cooperation and has become a major engine propelling global economic growth. It has established extensive contacts with the international community and taken an active part in international and regional affairs. Home To Be Continued

56 Key to Exercises 4. Translation a. Chinese to English Translate the following paragraph into English. Faithfully fulfilling its obligations and playing a responsible and constructive role, China is now an important force for maintaining world peace and promoting common development. Any country that wants to develop itself should not only rely on its own efforts, but also carry out reform and opening-up and pursue win-win progress and common development with other counties. This is the conclusion we have drawn from the success of China’s development endeavor. And we are keenly aware that in this increasingly globalized world China’s future is inseparably bound up with the future of the world. Home

57 Key to Exercises 4. Translation b. English to Chinese Translate the following paragraph into Chinese. 在这样一场漫长而激烈的竞争之中,仅仅是他的胜利,就使 我敬重他的能力与坚毅。然而,他更令我激赏而盛赞的成就, 是他在赢得选战的过程中,唤起了数以百万计人民的希望 --- 这些人曾经误以为自己在美国总统的选举中无足轻重、无法 造成任何影响。这是一场历史性的选举,而我知道它对非裔 美人特殊的意义,今晚这份特别的荣耀属于他们。我素来相 信美国为那些努力并有决心的人提供机会。奥巴马参议员也 这样认为。 Home

58 Key to Exercises 4. Translation b. English to Chinese Read the passage carefully and translate the underlined sentences into Chinese. ( 1 )我站在这里,深知自己的经历只是千百万美国故事中的 沧海一粟,更深知自己无法忘却那些更早踏上这片土地的先 人,因为若不是在美国,我的故事无论如何都不可能发生。 ( 2 )这才是真正的美国智慧,坚信自己的国民有着朴素无华 的梦想,坚信点滴的奇迹终会出现在身边。入夜,当我们为 孩子掖好小被的同时,相信他们不会为衣食所累,不会为安 全担忧。 Home To Be Continued

59 Key to Exercises 4. Translation b. English to Chinese Read the passage carefully and translate the underlined sentences into Chinese. ( 3 )在今年的选举中,特别重申了我们主张的价值和肩负 的责任,以此来应对当下的艰难现实:并希望了解怎样才能 更好秉承前辈的遗产,实现对子孙的承诺。 ( 4 )父母也要尽职尽责,培养下一代,不让孩子整天沉溺 于电视,对于黑人而言,更要和白人一样,让子女有接受教 育的权利,而不是相反。 ( 5 )但他们真诚地认为,只要政府工作的重点有所调整, 就可以使得每个孩子都能奋发图强,积极向上,让机遇大门 向每个人敞开。 Home

60 Key to Exercises 5. Writing Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a composition on the topic Frustration and Life. You should base your composition on the outline below. 1) 生活中随时可能遭遇挫折。 2) 挫折对人有何影响? 3) 你的总结。 Write an essay in English with 150 word at least under the title below. SAMPLE Home

61 Key to Exercises Everyone in the world dreams of a happy, carefree life. The truth is, life is constructed with a great deal of different experiences. Frustration is one which always goes along with one’s life. Some people compare the world to a large stage, each person being an actor in a play. Frustration is one of the programs. How to deal with it might foretell the success or failure of the play. Frustration has strong impact on people. The impact, in most cases, is not a bad one. For many people, frustration can stimulate them to succeed. They think it is not a real life without frustration. By conquering frustration, they practice their various abilities to solve problems. They learn a lot from it. So, they consider frustration as a part of life because they become stronger after conquering it. The development of the society requires people to get over the frustrations and create new things. Mencius, a great philosopher in China two thousand years ago, once said:” if you want to become a great man, you must be chastened by frustration, your heart and soul would be attacked, and then you grow up; your muscles must be labored and then you become strong.” In brief, frustration and life are closely related. It is true that the road to happiness is strewn with setbacks. This motto must be recognized: bitterness ends up with sweetness; Sweetness ends up with bitterness. They exist together, and people become mature through them. SAMPLE 1 Home

62 Text B The End Of The Beginning Key to the Exercises a.Fill in the blanks with the words or phrases given below. Change the form where necessary. (1)perish (2) submit (3)irrecoverable (4)cram (5)provident (6)render (7)apparatus (8)prelude (9)plead for (10) decisively

63 b. Complete the sentences with the information given in the text. (1)Battle of Egypt (2)to destroy (3)British blood (4)Germans ;weapons (5)battlefield; mercilessly (6)German vehicles (7)momentous; western end of Mediterranean (8)Spain and Portugal; independent and free (9)France; family of Europe (10)Pit of misery; their own improvidence; the brutal violence of the enemy Text B The End Of The Beginning

64 c. Decide whether the statement is TURE or FALSE according to the text. (1)F (2) F (3) T (4) T (5) F (6) F (7) T (8) F (9) T (10)T Text B The End Of The Beginning

65 THANK YOU! Quit

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