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Download This Power Point You can go to: www.etspm.org Look under the logo on the right, just above the picture Click on Free ETSPM slides/handouts from 2010 Polishing the Pulpit
A Simple Explanation of Expository Preaching “In its simplest explanation expository preaching is putting God’s Word on display before an audience for the purpose of informing the audience leading to a practical application of God’s Word to the lives, choices, decisions, and responses of the audience” (Holland, Thomas H., Encouraging Expository Preaching, Brentwood, TN: Penmann Books, 2000, 15-16).
Expository Preaching Expresses a Belief in Verbal Inspiration “One who has firm faith in the verbal inspiration of the Bible, who truly believes that the Scriptures are God-breathed (2 Tim. 3:16), is excited by the challenge to comprehend and then to effectively communicate the Word of God” (Holland Preface to the Second Edition).
Helping an Audience Develop a Greater Appreciation for God’s Word “…when God’s Word is brought to life by diligent study, clarity of organization, creative and enthusiastic presentation, audiences are led to a greater appreciation of God’s Word as they see the power of that message to mold their lives, shape their characters, and to prepare them for eternity” (Holland Preface).
Expository Preaching Implies God’s Word Can Be Understood God has given his revelation in human words which can be understood (Ephesians 3:1-7). The Old Testament was given by men in human language (2 Peter 1:20-21). Jeremiah declared some 368 times in 52 chapters, “thus saith the Lord,” or, “the Word of the Lord came by me” (Holland).
Expository Preaching Implies the Bible Is Practical in Nature 2 Timothy 3:16-17 –“There is a distinct objective in this profitableness of Scripture. The verse opens with a clause introduced by hina, which denotes that purpose or result. The Christian minister has in his hands a God-given instrument designed to equip him completely for his work. The word artios (perfect, RV ‘complete’) describes a man perfectly adapted for his task…” (Donald Guthrie, The Pastoral Epistles, Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1969, p. 165).
Things Necessary in Expository Preaching The right attitude is essential to understanding (John 7:17). The right approach is also necessary. –Scripture must be studied in the overall Biblical context, the book context, the immediate context and in light of the meanings of the words used. The application of hermeneutics is important. –Historical context, literary classification, grammatical analysis and theological (Holland).
Expository Preaching Is a Practical Way to Deal with Problems If there is division in the church, preach through 1 Corinthians. If brethren are having trouble with controlling their tongues, preach through James. If there is a failure to appreciate the greatness of Christ and the hope he offers to the faithful, preach through Hebrews.
Preparation for Expository Preaching Begin by becoming familiar with your text – READ, READ, READ Notice key thoughts in the chapter/book under consideration – THINK, THINK, THINK Notice key words within the particular text to be exposed – DIG, DIG, DIG
Key Thoughts in Hebrews 13 Relationships with brethren (1, 18-19), strangers (2, 16), prisoners (3), mate (4) and God (5-6) Relationships with leaders (7, 17, 22) Relationship with Jesus (8-15)
Key Words in Hebrews 13:1-2 “Brotherly love” – philadelphia “in the N. T. the love which Christians cherish for each other as ‘brethren’” (Thayer) “Continue” – meno “to continue to be, i. e. not to perish, to last, to endure” (Thayer) “Entertain strangers” – philo-xenia “love to strangers, hospitality” (Thayer) “Unwittingly” – lanthano “unawares, without knowing” (Thayer)
Key Words in Hebrews 13:3-4 “Chained with them” – sun-deo “to bind just as (i. e. jointly with) another:…as fellow-prisoners” (Thayer) “Mistreated” – kakoucheo “maltreated, tormented” (Thayer) “Honorable” – timios metaphorically “held in honor, esteemed, especially dear” (Thayer) “Bed” – koite the marriage bed
Key Words in Hebrews 13:3-4 “Undefiled” – a-miantos “not defiled, unsoiled; free from that by which the nature of a thing is deformed and debased, or its force and vigor impaired:…pure, free from adultery” (Thayer) “Fornicators” – pornos unlawful sexual relations “Judge” – krino “used specifically of the act of condemning and decreeing (or inflicting) penalty on one” (Thayer)
Key Words in Hebrews 13:5-6 “Conduct” – tropos “manner of life, character” (Thayer) “Covetousness” – a-phil-arguros “not loving money, not avaricious “Content” – arkeo “to be satisfied, contented” (Thayer) “Forsake” – eg-kata-leipo “to abandon, desert…, i. e. to leave in straits, leave helpless” (Thayer)
Key Words in Hebrews 13:5-6, 16 “Boldly” – tharreo “to be of good courage, to be hopeful, confident” (Thayer) “Fear” – phobeo “to fear, be afraid;…to be struck with fear, to be seized with alarm: of those who fear harm or injury” (Thayer) “Share” – koinonia “a benefaction jointly contributed, a collection, a contribution, as exhibiting an embodiment and proof of fellowship” (Thayer)
Display Love in All that You Do Hebrews 13:1-6, 16, 18-19 Examination of these verses reveals that God expects our daily lives to be filled with loving relationships
I. Display love for your brothers. Hebrews 13:1 –“Brotherly love” – philadelphia “in the N. T. the love which Christians cherish for each other as ‘brethren’” (Thayer) –“Continue” – meno “to continue to be, i. e. not to perish, to last, to endure” (Thayer) Hebrews 13:18-19 – shown in prayer
II. Display love for strangers and prisoners. Hebrews 13:2 –“Entertain strangers” – philo-xenia “love to strangers, hospitality” (Thayer) –“Unwittingly” – lanthano “unawares, without knowing” (Thayer) Hebrews 13:16 –“Share” – koinonia “a benefaction jointly contributed, a collection, a contribution, as exhibiting an embodiment and proof of fellowship” (Thayer)
II. Display love for strangers and prisoners. (continued) Hebrews 13:3 –“Chained with them” – sun-deo “to bind just as (i. e. jointly with) another:…as fellow- prisoners” (Thayer) –“Mistreated” – kakoucheo “maltreated, tormented” (Thayer)
III. Display love for your mate, not someone else. A. Display love for your mate – Hebrews 13:4a. –“Honorable” – timios metaphorically “held in honor, esteemed, especially dear” (Thayer) –“Bed” – koite the marriage bed –“Undefiled” – a-miantos “not defiled, unsoiled; free from that by which the nature of a thing is deformed and debased, or its force and vigor impaired:…pure, free from adultery” (Thayer)
III. Display love for your mate, not someone else. (continued) B. Not for someone else – Hebrews 13:4b. –“Fornicators” – pornos unlawful sexual relations –“Judge” – krino “used specifically of the act of condemning and decreeing (or inflicting) penalty on one” (Thayer)
IV. Display love for God. Hebrews 13:5-6 –“Conduct” – tropos “manner of life, character” (Thayer) –“Covetousness” – a-phil-arguros “not loving money, not avaricious –“Content” – arkeo “to be satisfied, contented” (Thayer) –“Forsake” – eg-kata-leipo “to abandon, desert…, i. e. to leave in straits, leave helpless” (Thayer)
IV. Display love for God. –“Boldly” – tharreo “to be of good courage, to be hopeful, confident” (Thayer) –“Fear” – phobeo “to fear, be afraid;…to be struck with fear, to be seized with alarm: of those who fear harm or injury” (Thayer) Hebrews 13:16 “Share” – koinonia “a benefaction jointly contributed, a collection, a contribution, as exhibiting an embodiment and proof of fellowship” (Thayer)
Follow the Leader Hebrews 13:7-15, 17, 22 The writer of Hebrews stressed Jesus is superior in every way. He wanted his readers to follow leaders that were following Christ so that they all could find a lasting city.
I. Follow your leaders. A. Hebrews 13:7 Because you know where they are going B. Hebrews 13:17 Because they watch for your soul C. Hebrews 13:22 Because they exhort you
II. Follow the leader, Jesus. A. Follow Jesus –He is constant, unchanging – Hebrews 13:8 –Not strange doctrines – Hebrews 13:9 B. He is the Christians’ altar – Heb. 13:10 –“Altar” – thusiastērion “metaph., the cross on which Christ suffered an expiatory death: to eat of this altar i. e. to appropriate to one’s self the fruits of Christ’s expiatory death” (Thayer) –1 Corinthians 10:16-18 –An altar of which Jews have no right to partake
III. Therefore, let us go out to our leader, Jesus. A. Hebrews 13:11-13 –The one who burned the bodies of the offerings outside the camp was considered unclean – Leviticus 16:2-28 –Jesus suffered outside Jerusalem, which demonstrated the Jews saw him as unclean – John 19:20 –Go out to him and bear his reproach
III. Therefore, let us go out to our leader, Jesus. (continued) B. Hebrews 13:14 We seek a lasting city –“Continuing” – menō “to continue to be, i. e. not to perish, to last, to endure” (Thayer) –“Seek” – epi-zēteō “to inquire for, seek for, search for, seek diligently” (Thayer) C. We have a sacrifice to offer – Hebrews 13:15 –Praise – ainesis “a thank-offering…, presented to God for some benefit received” (Thayer) –“Fruit” – karpos “harvest i. e. the ingathering of crops” (Thayer)
Christ Is the Superior Spokesman The opening verses of Hebrews clearly set forth the theme of the rest of the book, which is that Christ is superior. He particularly sets forth the fact that Christ is superior to the spokesmen God used in the past. Clearly, everyone should listen to him.
I. God spoke to the fathers. A. By the prophets. –At various times (during the exodus, in the wilderness, during the day of judges, in the united kingdom, in the divided kingdom, in captivity, before Jesus’ kingdom was established) –In various ways (from the burning bush, through visions, through interpreting dreams, through figures and symbols, through reading incomprehensible writing, from beyond the grave, through the written word)
I. God spoke to the fathers. (cont’d) B. By angels – Hebrews 1:7, 14 –“Ministers” – leitourgos “those by whom God administers his affairs and executes his decrees” –“Inherit” – klēronomeō “univ. to receive the portion assigned to one, receive an allotted portion, receive as one's own or as a possession; to become partaker of, to obtain [cf. Eng. "inherit"],…. it became a formula denoting to partake of eternal salvation in the Messiah's kingdom”
II. God spoke to us by his Son. A. Hebrews 1:2 The Heir and Creator –“Heir” – klēro-nomos “one who receives his allotted possession by right of sonship: so of Christ, all things being subjected to his sway” (Thayer) –“Made” – poieō “to create, to produce: of God, as the author of all things” B. Hebrews 1:3a The essence of God –“Brightness of His glory” – ap-augasma “to emit brightness…, reflected brightness: Christ is called in Heb. i. 3…inasmuch as he perfectly reflects the majesty of God”
II. God spoke by his Son. (cont’d) –“The express image of His person” – charaktēr “1. prop. the instrument used in engraving or carving,…2. the mark (figure or letters) stamped upon that instrument or wrought out on it; hence univ. a mark or figure burned in (Lev. xiii. 28) or stamped on, an impression; the exact expression (the image) of any person or thing, marked likeness, precise reproduction in every respect” –“Upholding” – pherō “to bear up, i. e. uphold (keep from falling):…of God [the Son] the preserver of the universe”
II. God spoke by his Son. (cont’d) C. Hebrews 3b-4 The One with a more excellent name –“Purged our sins” – “a cleansing from the guilt of sins…: wrought…now by the expiatory sacrifice of Christ” –“Right hand” – “to occupy the places of honor nearest the king, Mt. xx. 21, 23; Mk. x. 37, 40;…. Hence, after Ps. cix. (ex.) 1 as applied to the Messiah”
III. God spoke by the One deserving of worship. A. Because of his name – Hebrews 1:4-5 –“More excellent” – dia-phoros “excellent, surpassing” (Thayer) –“Son” – huios “in the highest sense Jesus Christ is called ὁ υ ἱὸ ς το ῦ θεο ῦ as of a nature superhuman and closest to God” (Psalm 2:7; 2 Samuel 7:14) –Hebrews 1:13 King until all enemies are put under him
III. God spoke by the One deserving of worship. (continued) B. Angels were commanded to worship him – Hebrews 1:6. –A quotation from Deuteronomy 32:43, in the LXX, with the Psalmist saying something similar in 97:7 –pros-kuneō “in the Ν. Τ. by kneeling or prostration to do homage (to one)” (Thayer)
III. God spoke by the One deserving of worship. (continued) C. He is called God by the Father – Hebrews 1:8-9. –“throne” – thronos “assigned in the N. T. to kings, hence by meton. for kingly power, royalty:…. metaph. to God, the governor of the world:…. to the Messiah, the partner and assistant in the divine administration:…hence the divine power belonging to Christ” (Thayer) –“God” – Theos “used in NT for the true God”
III. God spoke by the One deserving of worship. (continued) D. He is eternal – Hebrews 1:10-12. –“Perish” – ap-ollumi “to be blotted out, to vanish away” –“Remain” – dia-menō “to stay permanently, remain permanently, continue” (Thayer) –“Fail” – ek-leipō “to fail; i. e. to leave off, cease, stop” (Thayer)
Pay Attention to Jesus Having established that Jesus is the superior spokesman, the writer of Hebrews goes on to tell his readers to pay attention to him.
I. Because you can drift. A. Because you can drift – Hebrews 2:1 B. Heed the warnings from history – Hebrews 2:2 C. Recognize the greatness of your salvation – Hebrews 2:3-4
II. Because Jesus became a man. A. God made man a little lower than the angels – Hebrews 2:5-8 B. Jesus became a man to taste of death – Hebrews 2:9 C. Jesus tasted death for every man – Hebrews 2:10
III. Because Jesus destroyed the devil. A. Jesus came to sanctify – Hebrews 2:11- 13 B. Jesus came to destroy the devil – Hebrews 2:14 C. Jesus delivered man from the bondage of death – Hebrews 2:15
IV. Because Jesus is a merciful and faithful High Priest. A. He came to give aid to the seed of Abraham – Hebrews 2:16 B. He came to be a merciful and faithful High Priest – Hebrews 2:17 C. He came to give aid to those who are tempted – Hebrews 2:18 –boē-theō “prop. to run to the cry (of those in danger); hence univ. to help, succor, bring aid” (Thayer)
An Exhortation to Faithfulness Hebrews 3 Enduring persecution as Christians, the Hebrew brethren, apparently filled with doubt, were considering going back to the Law of Moses. The writer urged them to remain faithful.
I. Look at two faithful men. A. Moses was faithful. –Hebrews 3:2b –Hebrews 3:5 B. Jesus is faithful. –Hebrews 3:2a –Hebrews 3:3-4 He deserves more honor as the builder, thus God (1:2) –Hebrews 3:6 (John 5:18)
II. Look at the example of Israel. A. Israel hardened its heart – Heb 3:7-8 –sklērunō “metaph. to render obstinate, stubborn” (Thayer) –Hardened by self (8), sin (13) B. They hardened their hearts despite seeing God’s power – Hebrews 3:9 C. A rebellious way of life cost them rest –Heb. 3:10-11 (Num. 14:22-23 “ten times”) –Hebrews 3:16-19
III. See the importance of faithfulness. A. Beware of developing an evil heart of unbelief – Hebrews 3:12 B. We can partake of the heavenly rest by following Jesus – Hebrews 3:1 C. Exhort each other to faithfulness – Heb. 3:13-15 –“Hold” – kat-echō “to hold fast, keep secure, keep firm possession of” (Thayer) –“Confidence” – hupo-stasis “firm trust, assurance” (Thayer)