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Week 25 – Q&A LG103. Sentence processing Quiz When is a phrase or sentence structurally ambiguous? a)when it is compatible with two (or more) grammatical.

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Presentation on theme: "Week 25 – Q&A LG103. Sentence processing Quiz When is a phrase or sentence structurally ambiguous? a)when it is compatible with two (or more) grammatical."— Presentation transcript:

1 Week 25 – Q&A LG103

2 Sentence processing Quiz When is a phrase or sentence structurally ambiguous? a)when it is compatible with two (or more) grammatical representations b)when it contains one or more ambiguous words c) when it contains a relative clause

3 Which of the following illustrates centre- embedding, a well-known source of processing difficulty? a)The pen the author the editor liked used was new. b)The author bought a new pen, which the editor wanted him to use because she liked it. c)The editor liked the author who used a pen that was new.

4 What is a garden path sentence? a)a sentence that is compatible with two different interpretations b)a sentence that is structurally too complex for us to comprehend c) a temporarily ambiguous sentence which may cause measurable processing difficulty

5 Which of the following is a garden path sentence? a)The students will discuss some problems with the teachers. b) The man returned to his house was happy. c) The antelope the lion ate ran like a snail.

6 SLI Quiz What is that people with SLI have problems with? a)Content words and sentence interpretation b)Content words and inflectional morphology c)Inflectional morphology

7 What is the similarity between SLI and the other types of aphasia? a)They are all acquired types of language impairment b)They all cover terms for the same type of impairment c)They all refer to difficulties of language production and comprehension

8 SLI subjects.... a)Have serious hearing deficits and behavioural disturbances b)Produce fluent but unintelligible speech c)Have normal non-verbal IQs d)Are mostly girls

9 Why do we believe that SLI is genetically controlled? a)Because it affects mostly function words and bound morphemes b)Because it occurs in families all the time, especially in girls c)Because it occurs in families and it affects twins

10 Essay Questions

11 Essay topic 1: What are the benefits and potential drawbacks of the parser’s applying a ‘local attachment’ strategy during sentence comprehension? References: Textbook: p , esp Harley, Trevor A Title The psychology of language : from data to theory / Trevor A. Harley Harley, Trevor A Published New York, NY : Psychology Press, 2001(ch. 9) QP 399.I6 Author Ingram, John C. L Title Neurolinguistics : an introduction to spoken language processing and its disorders / John C.L. IngramQP 399.I6Ingram, John C. L Published Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007 (ch. 12) P 291.M4 Title The Mental representation of grammatical relations / edited by Joan Bresnan Published Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, c1982 P 291.M4 P 151.P7 Author Pritchett, Bradley L Title Grammatical competence and parsing performance / Bradley L. Pritchett P 151.P7Pritchett, Bradley L Published Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1992

12 Local attachment preference “Mary said that John will write her a letter yesterday” We prefer to relate certain information to words that are found close to each other and not quite far. Mary said that John will write her a letter yesterday

13 Useful definitions

14 Topic 1 Give a definition of local attachment and explain what a parser/parsing is Give an example (do not copy the one on the slides!) and explain where does local attachment help Think about linguistic phenomena where local attachment can be misleading..... How can local attachment explain cases of centre- embeddings (give definition)? Is it working there or not? Garden path cases (give definition again)? Is it working here again or not? When is local attachment useful??

15 Essay topic 2 Explain in linguistic terms the characteristics of Specific Language Impairment. Discuss different attempts at describing difficulties with inflectional morphology in children with SLI. References: Textbook: 11-14, P 125.F5 Author Field, John, Title Psycholinguistics : the key concepts / John Field P 125.F5Field, John, Published London : Routledge, 2004 P 140.L4 Author Leonard, Laurence B Title Children with specific language impairment / Laurence B. Leonard P 140.L4Leonard, Laurence B Published Cambridge, Mass. : The MIT Press, c1998 (ch. 2+3), also available online QP 399.I6 Author Ingram, John C. L Title Neurolinguistics : an introduction to spoken language processing and its disorders / John C.L. IngramQP 399.I6Ingram, John C. L Published Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007 (ch. 11) QP 399.A5 Author Ahlsén, Elisabeth Title Introduction to neurolinguistics / Elisabeth Ahlsén QP 399.A5Ahlsén, Elisabeth Published Amsterdam : John Benjamins, c2006 (ch. 5+6). P 140.C5 Author Chiat, Shula Title Understanding children with language problems / Shula Chiat P 140.C5Chiat, Shula Published Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000

16 Topic 2-Indicative structure Give a definition of SLI, whom it affects, provide the profile of an SLI subject Define the theoretical context of SLI Family studies, findings and problems? Twin studies, findings and problems? SLI language problems (related to inflectional morphology) and possible explanations What is still controversial?

17 Common essay mistakes Include an introduction and a conclusion! Reference all the resources you have used and remember to include page numbers. Create a reference list at the end of your essay Create paragraphs according to topic..when you change topic, change paragraph. Pay attention to punctuation. Avoid using long sentences. When you write something use an example to illustrate what you say, and if needed, reference the example. Make sure that what you put in the essay is absolutely necessary –this will reduce your word count Use theory and references, your textbook etc. and do not simply rely on class/lecture notes

18 When you’ve written your essay leave it for 1-2 days and get back to it later..you’ll be surprised! When you can’t find a reference here are a few tips: Search the reference list of our text book, usually the reference will be there. If not search the library catalogue or google the reference (author’s name, date). Follow this link for additional help with structure, vocabulary and expressions, writing your references, abbreviations: ge004.pdf ge004.pdf

19 Read the essay 3 times 1 st you read in order to check the content: Have I answered the questions? Is what I write correct according to what I’ve read? Have I left anything important out? Do I have any examples? The 2 nd time you read in order to check the structure: intro-conclusion, cohesion, do the ideas flow logically?, long sentences, do I have paragraphs, a reference list, have I used signposting?

20 The 3 rd time you read in order to check the punctuation, whether you’ve followed one way in referencing, line spacing, fonts and font size, page numbering, your details, etc.

21 Long assingment Deadline: Monday of week 30 – 23 rd of April Any questions??? Assignments should be submitted on-line by 12 noon on the due date followed by a watermarked paper copy of the assignment bearing an appropriate cover sheet by 4 p.m. on the same day. No extensions will be granted and any assignment submitted later than the time specified will receive a mark of zero.

22 During the Easter vacation, the Language and Linguistics Departmental office (4.305) will remain open on reduced hours (Mon-Fri 11:00-12:30 & 14:00-15:00) with the exception of Good Friday (6 th April) and Easter Monday (9 th April). You can still upload your assignment(s) through the OCS (On-Line Coursework Submission) system during the vacation. If you are planning on returning home, can you please ensure that you obtain copies of the appropriate coversheet(s) before you leave. Submit a watermarked version to the Departmental office by 4pm on the day of the stated deadline BUT you are welcome to post in your (watermarked) assignment(s) to us at the below address obtain proof of postage and your assignment(s) will be date stamped on the date of postage. enclose a photocopy of your student registration card.

23 Samantha Durling Undergraduate Administrator Department of Language and Linguistics, Room 4.305, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester. CO4 3SQ Tel: (+44) sdurling (non-essex users should Website:


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