Presentation on theme: "INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BUSINESS AND SOCIETY SESSION 17 – ADVANCED SQL + DATA MINING SEAN J. TAYLOR."— Presentation transcript:
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BUSINESS AND SOCIETY SESSION 17 – ADVANCED SQL + DATA MINING SEAN J. TAYLOR
ADMINISTRATIVIA Assignment 3: New drop for any updates related to A3 Assignment 4: Due Sunday 4/1 (this is an extension) Class participation grading.
MIDTERM REVIEW PROCESS Consult the solutions (posted to BB). Photocopy the page(s) of your exam that you wish to dispute. Write why you think you deserve points. Submit to my mailbox on the 8 th floor by Thursday 3/29 (or after class).
LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1.Be able to write more advanced queries. 2.Learn about the data-driven organization and the data revolution in management. 3.Know the basic problems data mining attempts to solve.
REVIEW: SQL SELECT ISBN, BookName, Price, Publisher FROM Book WHERE BookName like '*Information Systems*' AND PubDate > #1/1/2002# AND Price < 100 ORDER BY Price
REVIEW: GROUP BY … HAVING Use “Having” clause to filter aggregation result SELECT Publisher, COUNT(*) FROM Book GROUP BY Publisher Having Count(*) > 2 Use “where” clause to filter records to be aggregated SELECT Publisher, COUNT(*) as total FROM Book Where Price < 100 GROUP BY Publisher Having Count(*) > 10 Order by Count(*)
MULTIPLE GROUP BY FIELDS SELECT Publisher, Author, AVG(Price) as AvgPrice FROM Book GROUP BY Publisher, Author;
GROUPING WITH A JOIN SELECT Publisher, Count(*) as NumOrders FROM Book, Orders WHERE Book.ISBN = Orders.ISBN GROUP BY Publisher;
GROUPING WITH A JOIN 2 SELECT Publisher, Orders.CustomerID, Sum(price) as TotalPaid FROM Book, Orders, Customer WHERE Book.ISBN = Orders.ISBN AND Orders.CustomerID = Customer.CustomerID GROUP BY Publisher, Orders.CustomerID;
MULTIPLE JOINS WITH WHERE AND GROUP BY SELECT FavoriteMovie, count(*) FROM Profiles, FavoriteBooks, FavoriteMovies WHERE FavoriteMovies.ProfileId = Profiles.ProfileId and FavoriteBooks.ProfileID = Profiles.ProfileID and FavoriteBook = "The Great Gatsby" GROUP BY FavoriteMovie ORDER BY count(*) desc;
PROPORTIONS USING SUB-SELECTS SELECT FavoriteMovie, count(*) / (select count(*) from Profiles) FROM Profiles, FavoriteMovies WHERE FavoriteMovies.ProfileId = Profiles.ProfileId GROUP BY FavoriteMovie ORDER BY count(*) desc;
PROPORTIONS USING SUB-SELECTS II SELECT FavoriteMovie, Profiles.Sex, count(*) / avg(Q.total) from Profiles, FavoriteMovies, (select Sex, count(*) as total from Profiles group by Sex) as Q where FavoriteMovies.ProfileId = Profiles.ProfileId and Q.Sex = Profiles.Sex group by Profiles.Sex, FavoriteMovie order by FavoriteMovie, Profiles.Sex;
GARY LOVEMAN Zero executive experience Zero background in Casinos But, an MIT PhD who knows how to make numbers talk Results Transformed Harrah’s from second tier to number one gaming company in the world Completed a $30.7 Billion LBO Introduced a culture of pervasive field experimentation “There are two ways to get fired from Harrah’s…”
THE DATA-DRIVEN FIRM Why do we see these changes now? Collect: easier to collect, store information about consumers, technologies, markets Respond: Fast internal communication means that firms are agile enough to respond to external information Process: Firms can process large volumes of data to make intelligent decisions
DATA-DRIVEN FIRMS ARE WINNING Data-driven decision makers: 4% higher productivity 6% greater profitability 50% higher market value from IT (Brynjolfsson and Kim, 2011)
WHAT WAL-MART KNOWS http://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/14/business/yourmoney/14wal.html
DATA-DRIVEN CHALLENGES 1.Measurement What should be measured and how? 2.Incentives How can we design incentives around these measures without creating adverse consequences? 3.Infrastructure Do we have the right infrastructure (servers, software, etc) in place to measure and analyze the data we have? 4.Skills Do we have the skills we need to accomplish these tasks?
A NEW KIND OF R&D MeasureExperimentLearnShareReplicate
WHAT IS DATA MINING? 1.Automated search for patterns in data 2.Automated (or computer assisted) statistical modeling 3.A process for using IT to extract useful, actionable knowledge from large bodies of data
CEOS “We have come out on top in the casino wars by mining our customer data deeply, running marketing experiments and using the results to develop and implement finely tuned marketing and services strategies that keep our customers coming back.” Gary Loveman, Harrahs CEO ”For every leader in the company, not just for me, there are decisions that can be made by analysis. These are the best kinds of decisions. They’re fact-based decisions.” Jeff Bezos, Amazon CEO “It’s all about collecting information on 200 million people you’d never meet, and on the basis of that information, making a series of very critical long-term decisions about lending them money and hoping they would pay you back.” Rich Fairbank, founder and CEO of Capital One
WHY NOW? Firms are collecting massive amounts of data on operations, customers, and the competitive landscape. But there is far too much data for manual analysis. Amazon: > 50M active customers Phone companies: 100M+ accounts, thousands of txns each Google: 11B “objects” RFID tags
TYPES OF DATA MINING Machine Learning SupervisedClassificationRegressionUnsupervisedClustering Outlier detection Visualization