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1 Introduction to Security Chapter 15 Institutional Security.

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2 1 Introduction to Security Chapter 15 Institutional Security

3 2 Libraries  Special Collections – many of these contain rare or one of a kind items that must be protected. Some have special environmental requirements.  Other concerns: Theft or damage to books, CDs, videos Disorderly behavior Fire

4 3 Library Security Measures  Electronic marking of books  Have security personnel supervise the library  Provide photocopy equipment to discourage theft, although library personnel should do the photocopying as books can be damaged.

5 4 Museums & Art Galleries  Concerns are access control, theft, fraud, vandalism and arson  There are inherent conflicts that we may become involved: Museum archivists - who want to preserve items Curators - want public access to items

6 5 Museums & Art Galleries Security Procedures:  Establish a basic security system  Maintain detailed inventories  Have each object professionally authenticated  Register each item

7 6 Religious Facilities Security Concerns:  Their desire for easy accessibility (often open 24/7)  Their attractiveness to indigents, mental patients  High profile targets for enemies

8 7 Religious Facilities Security Steps:  Perimeter protection (fencing)  Adequate lighting  Safeguarding of valuables  Contingency plans for handling disruptive individuals

9 8 Financial Institutions Threats  Robbery  Burglary  Embezzlers  Fraudulent credit card and check use – possibly responsible for the largest monetary loss

10 9 Financial Institutions - IT Security  Financial Institutions must address these 3 areas in order to successfully pass a detailed IT exam Technology Management Personnel Roles Multilayered Protection

11 10 Financial Institutions – Most Frequent Losses:  Theft of cash  Theft of stocks and bonds  Check and credit card fraud  Embezzlement of funds

12 11 Financial Institutions – Security Measures  Designate a security officer  Cooperate with and seek security advice from the FBI  Maintain bait money  Periodically remove excess cash from teller windows  Develop security-conscious opening and closing procedures

13 12 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities  These have very unique security concerns: Open 24/7 They are often large and not designed for security concerns Patient protection Pharmaceutical control People are often under stress Internal & external theft Fire Retail loss prevention (gift shop/cafeteria)

14 13 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities  HIPPA – Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Requires medical providers to implement security measures for all stored health information

15 14 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities Security Measures  Recognize the risks in your facility  Inventory control  Access control  Fire prevention training  Evacuation procedures  Surveillance of the premises

16 15 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities Security Measures  Special measures need to be taken in the most critical areas: Emergency Room  Violence does not stop at the doors  Weapon confiscation Maternity Ward  Child theft prevention – use the bracelet system Psychiatric Ward  Protection of patients and staff Pharmacy

17 16 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities Security Measures Nursing Home Security Patients are vulnerable to theft and assault Critical Wandering – when a patient with dementia strays from caregivers; a very dangerous situation for the patient

18 17 Educational Facility Safety Main Security Concerns: Safety of students Safety of faculty/staff Violence Vandalism Theft/burglary

19 18 Educational Facility Safety: K-12  Security needs vary depending on the size of the school  Vandalism is a serious problem for most schools.  Access needs to be controlled to prevent dropouts, etc. from coming onto school grounds.

20 19 Educational Facility Safety: K-12

21 20 Educational Facility Safety: K-12  Safety measures: Access control Lighting Security personnel present and accessible

22 21 Educational Facility Safety: Colleges and Universities  These facilities are by their nature very open environments. This makes them a security nightmare, since it immediately reduces the effectiveness of a key security component: access control.

23 22 Educational Facility Safety: Colleges and Universities Guidelines:  Follow CPTED principles  Control access where possible and to the most critical areas  Involve students in crime prevention  Raise safety awareness among ALL campus users, including faculty/ staff

24 23 Educational Facility Safety: Colleges and Universities Guidelines:  Improve lighting  Install emergency lights  Use of both contract and proprietary security personnel  Use of technology to increase communication and disseminate warnings

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