1 Introduction to Security Chapter 15 Institutional Security
2 Libraries Special Collections – many of these contain rare or one of a kind items that must be protected. Some have special environmental requirements. Other concerns: Theft or damage to books, CDs, videos Disorderly behavior Fire
3 Library Security Measures Electronic marking of books Have security personnel supervise the library Provide photocopy equipment to discourage theft, although library personnel should do the photocopying as books can be damaged.
4 Museums & Art Galleries Concerns are access control, theft, fraud, vandalism and arson There are inherent conflicts that we may become involved: Museum archivists - who want to preserve items Curators - want public access to items
5 Museums & Art Galleries Security Procedures: Establish a basic security system Maintain detailed inventories Have each object professionally authenticated Register each item
6 Religious Facilities Security Concerns: Their desire for easy accessibility (often open 24/7) Their attractiveness to indigents, mental patients High profile targets for enemies
7 Religious Facilities Security Steps: Perimeter protection (fencing) Adequate lighting Safeguarding of valuables Contingency plans for handling disruptive individuals
8 Financial Institutions Threats Robbery Burglary Embezzlers Fraudulent credit card and check use – possibly responsible for the largest monetary loss
9 Financial Institutions - IT Security Financial Institutions must address these 3 areas in order to successfully pass a detailed IT exam Technology Management Personnel Roles Multilayered Protection
10 Financial Institutions – Most Frequent Losses: Theft of cash Theft of stocks and bonds Check and credit card fraud Embezzlement of funds
11 Financial Institutions – Security Measures Designate a security officer Cooperate with and seek security advice from the FBI Maintain bait money Periodically remove excess cash from teller windows Develop security-conscious opening and closing procedures
12 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities These have very unique security concerns: Open 24/7 They are often large and not designed for security concerns Patient protection Pharmaceutical control People are often under stress Internal & external theft Fire Retail loss prevention (gift shop/cafeteria)
13 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities HIPPA – Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Requires medical providers to implement security measures for all stored health information
14 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities Security Measures Recognize the risks in your facility Inventory control Access control Fire prevention training Evacuation procedures Surveillance of the premises
15 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities Security Measures Special measures need to be taken in the most critical areas: Emergency Room Violence does not stop at the doors Weapon confiscation Maternity Ward Child theft prevention – use the bracelet system Psychiatric Ward Protection of patients and staff Pharmacy
16 Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities Security Measures Nursing Home Security Patients are vulnerable to theft and assault Critical Wandering – when a patient with dementia strays from caregivers; a very dangerous situation for the patient
17 Educational Facility Safety Main Security Concerns: Safety of students Safety of faculty/staff Violence Vandalism Theft/burglary
18 Educational Facility Safety: K-12 Security needs vary depending on the size of the school Vandalism is a serious problem for most schools. Access needs to be controlled to prevent dropouts, etc. from coming onto school grounds.
20 Educational Facility Safety: K-12 Safety measures: Access control Lighting Security personnel present and accessible
21 Educational Facility Safety: Colleges and Universities These facilities are by their nature very open environments. This makes them a security nightmare, since it immediately reduces the effectiveness of a key security component: access control.
22 Educational Facility Safety: Colleges and Universities Guidelines: Follow CPTED principles Control access where possible and to the most critical areas Involve students in crime prevention Raise safety awareness among ALL campus users, including faculty/ staff
23 Educational Facility Safety: Colleges and Universities Guidelines: Improve lighting Install emergency lights Use of both contract and proprietary security personnel Use of technology to increase communication and disseminate warnings