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Collecting Policy Relevant Data: Example from a GIS Mapping Effort Sora Park Tanjasiri, DrPH, MPH Division of Kinesiology & Health Promotion California.

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Presentation on theme: "Collecting Policy Relevant Data: Example from a GIS Mapping Effort Sora Park Tanjasiri, DrPH, MPH Division of Kinesiology & Health Promotion California."— Presentation transcript:

1 Collecting Policy Relevant Data: Example from a GIS Mapping Effort Sora Park Tanjasiri, DrPH, MPH Division of Kinesiology & Health Promotion California State University, Fullerton stanjasiri@fullerton.edu 10 th Anniversary APPEAL National Conference Washington, DC September 9, 2004

2 BACKGROUND Most policymakers do not understand the health problems and service needs of Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) Most policymakers do not understand the health problems and service needs of Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) They also believe in the “model minority myth” that AAPIs are healthier than other racial groups They also believe in the “model minority myth” that AAPIs are healthier than other racial groups Thus, we often need to conduct our own research to clearly show the needs of our communities Thus, we often need to conduct our own research to clearly show the needs of our communities

3 Research Method Options Conduct surveys Conduct surveys Hold focus group discussions Hold focus group discussions Interview “key informants” Interview “key informants” Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping

4 What are tobacco-related problems that can be geographically mapped?

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6 Example: Cancer Screening and AAPIs in California Policymakers in Los Angeles and Orange Counties believed that AAPI women were not affected by cancer, and therefore did not need special outreach for cancer screening services. Policymakers in Los Angeles and Orange Counties believed that AAPI women were not affected by cancer, and therefore did not need special outreach for cancer screening services. In 2000, UCLA eliminated their mobile screening unit that was used extensively to outreach for the Southeast Asian and Pacific Islander populations. In 2000, UCLA eliminated their mobile screening unit that was used extensively to outreach for the Southeast Asian and Pacific Islander populations.

7 Our Solution: Community-Based Mapping of Cancer Needs Our goal – to visually demonstrate the cancer screening needs of Southeast Asian and Pacific Islander women Our goal – to visually demonstrate the cancer screening needs of Southeast Asian and Pacific Islander women Our method – geographic information system (GIS) mapping Our method – geographic information system (GIS) mapping

8 Step #1: Creating maps of our communities Photocopy maps from “Thomas Guides” or other street maps. Photocopy maps from “Thomas Guides” or other street maps. Get maps online – e.g., the U.S. Census Get maps online – e.g., the U.S. Census Go to www.census.gov Go to www.census.govwww.census.gov Click on “maps” Click on “maps” Click on “online mapping” Click on “online mapping” Click on “American Fact Finder” Click on “American Fact Finder” Click on “Maps & Geography” Click on “Maps & Geography” Click on “Reference Maps” Click on “Reference Maps”

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12 Step #2: Collecting data to place on community maps We developed a data collection tool that we called an “Asset Inventory” of medical and social for each community We developed a data collection tool that we called an “Asset Inventory” of medical and social for each community The inventory was completed by community health workers The inventory was completed by community health workers We supplemented these inventories with county information on public cancer service providers. We supplemented these inventories with county information on public cancer service providers. Key is to have addresses for all data! Key is to have addresses for all data!

13 NAME COMPLETE ADDRESS including City, State, and Zip Code Have breast/cervical program? If yes, briefly describe. Is staff bilingualii n API language s? Olive View/UCLA Med Ctr14445 Olive View Dr.Sylmar, Ca 91342Yes-BCEDP, FPACTNo Sepulveda Health Center16111 Plummer-Building 2Yes-BCEDP, FPACTNo Mid Valley Comp. Health Center 7515 Van Nuys Blvd., Panorama City, Ca 91405 Yes-BCEDP, FPACTNo PALS for Health 605 W. Olympic Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90015 noyes Thailand Christian Fellowship Church 9630 Blemont St., Bellflower, CA 90706no yes Thai Seventh Day Adventist Church of Southern California 10855 New Jersey St., Redland, CA 92373no yes Buddhist Temple of America5615 Howard Ave, Ontario, CA 91762no yes Mission Community Hospital 14850 Roscol Blvd., Panorama City, CA 91402 Yes-BCEDP, FPACTYes, One Example: Thai community inventory

14 Step #3: Looking at the maps and interpreting the results For the Thai community, we saw that there were many different kinds of health services nearby For the Thai community, we saw that there were many different kinds of health services nearby 22 Thai-speaking health facilities 22 Thai-speaking health facilities 15 Thai-speaking social service facilities 15 Thai-speaking social service facilities 22 Thai-speaking BCEDP providers 22 Thai-speaking BCEDP providers But, there was only 1 Thai-speaking BCEDP provider located where the concentration of Thais reside in North Hollywood, CA. But, there was only 1 Thai-speaking BCEDP provider located where the concentration of Thais reside in North Hollywood, CA.

15 Many health services in and around Thai community of LA

16 But, only one Thai speaking health service

17 Results: Tongan Community Worse picture for Tongans Worse picture for Tongans 0 Tongan-speaking health facilities 0 Tongan-speaking health facilities 2 Tongan-speaking social service facilities 2 Tongan-speaking social service facilities 2 Tongan-speaking BCEDP providers 2 Tongan-speaking BCEDP providers And, there is only 1 Tongan-speaking cancer screening provider located where the concentration of Tongans live in the Lennox/Gardena area. And, there is only 1 Tongan-speaking cancer screening provider located where the concentration of Tongans live in the Lennox/Gardena area.

18 Very few health services near Tongan community

19 And only 1 cancer provider for Tongans

20 Outcomes We have showed these results to county officials to urge increased AAPI language availability for publicly-funded screening locations. We have showed these results to county officials to urge increased AAPI language availability for publicly-funded screening locations. We have also published our study methods in order to promote replication by other communities who are interested in applying to their areas. We have also published our study methods in order to promote replication by other communities who are interested in applying to their areas.


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