Presentation on theme: "Conditionals — Type one Examples 1.Peter, if you pass the coming examination, I’ll treat you to lunch. 2. That ’ s great, but what if we fail the exam.?"— Presentation transcript:
Conditionals — Type one Examples 1.Peter, if you pass the coming examination, I’ll treat you to lunch. 2. That ’ s great, but what if we fail the exam.? Will you still treat us to lunch if we fail?
3. No. If you fail the exam., I will punish you. 4. So, can you tell me how we can get a pass in the exam.? 5. If you want to get a pass, you must study hard now.
Answer the following questions: a) How many actions are there in each of the above sentences with the word “ if ” ? __________________________ ___ Two actions a) b) What is the relationship between the actions? _______________________________ Cause and effect
C) Are the actions immediately after “ if ” possible or impossible to happen? ________________________________ Possible d) Are they past / present / future actions? _______________________________ Present,future
Type One Conditionals are used to show actions that are possible/ impossible to happen (the one after the word ‘if”), and their causes/ effects. They refer to past/ present/ future actions.
Conditionals Type One Uses: possible actions + results e.g. If we have lunch in Lam Tin this afternoon, taxiwe will take a.
for present/ future actions Past actions If we have lunch in Lam Tin this afternoon, we will take a taxi. Present Tense Future Tense
Structure If + tense, tense. simple present simple future If we have lunch in Lam Tin this afternoon, we will take a taxi. e.g. go(es), read(s), find(s) e.g. will buy, will do, will write.
Or simple future + if + simple present We will take a taxi if we have lunch in Lam Tin this afternoon. No “, ” in the sentence.
Exercises Fill in the gaps with the correct verb forms The teacher then continued to say the following, Okay, class, if you_______(have) no problem, I (start) today ’ s lesson. Today, let ’ s talk about one problem in this classroom. have will start
Recently, I ’ ve found that many of you have forgotten to bring back your books. Next time, if you _________(forget) to bring back your book, I _____________ (punish) you. But if you _____________ (not/have) your book, you __________ (need) to photocopy it as soon as possible. forget will punish don ’ t have will need
Type Two Conditionals Uses: Impossible actions + results Imagined situations, not true. for present and future actions, not past ones.
e.g. If I had a million dollars, I would buy a Porsche. Imagination / dreaming only, not true
Structure of Type Two Conditionals If + simple past, (would + bare infinitive) most basic verb forms: e.g.: do, go, run No “ -s/-es ” No “ -ed ” e.g. If I had a million dollars, I would buy a Porsche.
Or (would + bare Inf.) + if + simple past I would buy a Porsche if I had a million dollars.
If I was a millionaire, I would buy a Porsche. were was were
Further Examples 1. Class, today we will do a composition, and you need to imagine yourselves to be animals. 2. Karen, what would you do if you were a dolphin?
3. If I were a dolphin, I would swim around Hong Kong. And if I were a clever dolphin, I might perform at the Ocean Park.
4. Well done. So, if she were a dolphin, she would swim around Hong Kong. Paul, how about you? What would you do if you had the power of a lion?
5. If I had the power of a lion, I would help the police to arrest the thieves. And if I ran as fast as a lion, I would join the Olympics.
Exercises Fill in the gaps with the correct verb forms The teacher then continued to say the following, “ Okay, class. Let ’ s select other animals. Suki, if you _____ (are) a horse, what _______you ____(do)? ” were would do
Then, Suki replied, “ If I _____(run) as fast as a horse, I ____________(join) the horse races in Sha Tin, ran would join and I _____________(eat) the grass on the grassland. ” would eat
Then, the teacher continued to ask Tom, “ Tom, if you ______(are) a tortoise, where ______ you ____(go)? ” were would go Then Tom replied, “ If I ________(have) a tortoise ’ s long life, I______________(sleep) for thirteen hours every day. ” had would sleep