Presentation on theme: "K-Chart: Tool for Research Planning & Monitoring"— Presentation transcript:
1 K-Chart: Tool for Research Planning & Monitoring EPH7112 Research Methodology
2 CONTENTS Background: Dilemma in Research Planning and Monitoring Existing toolsThe K ChartConclusion
3 SCENARIO 1: GRADUATE STUDIES You just started your graduate study. You are looking for a title. Your supervisor/mentor is always busy.You pick up and photocopy every single article you come across, only to sleep on it than to read it through.Even when you do finish an article, it’s like reading Peruvian. You don’t know what to get from the paper.You keep asking yourself; What exactly am I working on? How much should I read? What should be my methodology? How many results should I have? How do I get a novelty?
4 SCENARIO 2: EMBARKING ON A RESEARCH PROJECT You are about to embark on a research project. You face a hard time identifying the scope of research and specific problems to solve.You are planning to have co-researchers/ students, but organizing and coordinating them are not a piece of cake. You want them to work together, not to scream at each other.You ask yourself; who will do what, and how much? How many sub-projects can be created? How to maximize the outputs? How to produce more papers?
5 Questions Students/Researchers Wish to Answer Earlier on: What is the specific title of studyHow to identify the problems to study?How wide/deep is the study?How much is the literature review?What do I look for in reading reference papers ?How do I choose between two (or more) design options?How do I organize my study?Should I focus on theory or simulation or what?How many results should I get?How do I know whether my results are correct and sufficient?What if I can not get the target results?How to arrange the results?How to cluster for sub-projects?Who to do what?
6 DILEMMAMany new researchers and graduate students are suffering from lack of guides for research planning/monitoring.Good researches should have macro and micro level planning/monitoringMacro level: Activities and Timelines in generalMicro level: Scope of Issues Under Study, Methodology, and ResultsExisting tools tend to be too specific in functionK-Chart attempts to provide the Micro-level research planning/monitoring.
7 EXISTING RnD PLANNING TOOLS Pareto Chart (80-20 rule)Ishikawa/ Cause and Effect/Fish boneFlow ChartGantt ChartExisting tools tend to be too specific in function, or too broad
8 WEAKNESSES OF GANTT CHART 1. Does not clearly show the structure/scope; depth and width of the project2. Does not provide the designation of issues under study; general issues, complementary issues and focused issues3. Does not clearly provide the methodologies used4. Does not clearly show the detail results5. Does not provide the number of results
9 WHAT IS A K-CHART? A tool for systematically organizing research Scope of issues under study,Methodology, andResultsTimelinesin the form of a Tree Diagram
10 K-Chart organizes the items in 5 layers: THE K-CHART LAYERSK-Chart organizes the items in 5 layers:GENERAL TITLESCOPE OF ISSUES LAYERSMETHODOLOGY LAYERSRESULTS LAYERSTIMELINES
11 Study of the Performance of ABC STRUCTURE OF A K-CHARTSystemSub Issues 2(App. Based)Sub-system/ ElementsMethodologiesSub-issues NSimulationExperimentResults: Performance ParametersSub Issues 1(Types based)DP 1ABCType 2Type 3App. 1Type 1App.2App. 3ABCApp.4TheorySurveyPP2Design Parametersb1b2b3PP 1DP 3DP 2PP 3DP1General TopicStudy of the Performance of ABCScopeMethodologyResult
12 GENERAL TITLEFactors Influencing the Performance of Motor VehiclesSYSTEMVehiclesSub Issues 1: App. basedAirLandSeaSub Issues 2: Types basedMotorcyclesCarsTrucksVansSub Issues 3: Types basedMiniSedanWagonSUBSYSTEM/ ELEMENTSEngineBodyTireMETHODOLOGIESTheoryExperimentSimulationSurveyLab. TestsField TestsLab. prototypeEng. prototypeCommercial prototypeMeas. Techn.1Meas. Techn.2Meas. Techn.3RESULTS: Performance ParametersAccelerationSpeedFuel consumptionDesign ParametersPressureTire HeightTire WidthTire PressureTire Width
13 THE IMPORTANCE OF TITLE A title should indicate:The systems you are working onThe problems you are solvingYour achievementsYour methodologyGeneral Title: GeneralFinal Project (Thesis) Title: More specificPaper’s Title: Very specific
14 THE IMPORTANCE OF ISSUES LAYER The more detail the layers, the less the assumption, the betterEvery time there is a jump between the layers, an assumption is made (thus, a justification is required)One can choose any way he/she likes to arrange the sequence of layersHowever, Issues of the same theme should be in the same layerThe Issues Layers indicate- The scope of critical reviews (what to get from the papers)- The focused issues (designation of issues)- The rationale in choosing issues to study (to move from one level to the next)- The Problem Statement
15 THE IMPORTANCE OF METHODOLOGY LAYER To define the specific methods adoptedTo designate which methods are of higher prioritiesTo avoid ambiguities in the approach takenTo reduce assumptions
16 THE IMPORTANCE OF METHODOLOGY LAYER The Results Layers help in:Identifying the expected results, and how many of themSetting the priorities and designation of resultsIdentifying the possible analyses e.g. comparative studiesOrganizing reports/thesis/papersDesignating sub-projects
17 With A K-Chart, let’s try to answer these questions again …. What is the specific title of studyHow wide/deep is the study?How much is the literature review?What do I look for in reading reference papers ?How do I choose between two (or more) optionsHow do I decide to move to the next level of study?How do I develop the objectives of studyWhat is the methodology (Theory, Simulation, Experiment, Observation, Survey) ?How many results (# curves, graphs, charts) can be obtainedWhich results to be focused on?How to arrange the resultsHow many comparisons can be made?How to cluster for sub-projectsWho to do what?
18 and more … How to plan for publication ? How to construct articles’ titles ?How to organize the report structure ?How to plan for a graduate thesis writing?How to integrate with new ideas ?How to re-align the area of research when the original plan does not work ?
19 CONCLUSION The requirement for a research planning tool is obvious Existing tools are either too specific or too broadK Chart provides a more comprehensive micro-level planning