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Capillary Pressure / Permeability Relations

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Single Capillary Tube Previously discussion showed that for a single capillary: –consistent units required P c dyne/cm 2 dyne/cm rcm

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Bundle of Capillary Tubes Model Purcell (ABW page 169) developed a model which considers the porous media to be a “bundle of capillary tubes” of varying sizes This model was used to develop a relationship for predicting permeability from the drainage capillary pressure curve –for a discrete set of capillary sizes, in consistent units: kcm 2 dyne/cm P c dyne/cm 2

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Purcell’s Equation For a continuous distribution of capillary sizes, determined from the P c (S w ) function (consistent units) – is an dimensionless, empirical “lithology factor” (Purcell used symbol, ) –The function 1/P c 2 could be integrated numerically –OR, we could use the S w * model for P c –Note that the function 1/P c 2 has value of zero if S w ~~
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"name": "Purcell’s Equation For a continuous distribution of capillary sizes, determined from the P c (S w ) function (consistent units) – is an dimensionless, empirical lithology factor (Purcell used symbol, ) –The function 1/P c 2 could be integrated numerically –OR, we could use the S w * model for P c –Note that the function 1/P c 2 has value of zero if S w ~~~~
~~

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Purcell’s Equation For oilfield units, kmd dyne/cm P c psia Note: Handwritten notes in margin of ABW photocopy is missing a squared symbol on conversion from dyne/cm 2 per atmosphere Self Study: Be able to derive this conversion constant, 10.66

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Purcell’s Equation Using an average lithology factor, =0.216, Purcell showed that permeability can be estimated from the drainage capillary pressure curve –For permeability, estimates that are the correct order of magnitude are considered fairly accurate “Perfect” Correlation TrendActual Correlation Trend

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Application of S w * Model To integrate the function 1/P c 2, we consider piecewise integration

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Application of S w * Model From our definition of S w * : Integral requires dS w : S w * model for P c :

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Application of Sw* Model Substituting dS w * for dS w in integrand changes limits

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Application of Sw* Model Substituting S w * model for P c in integrand

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Purcell’s Equation with S w * Model Finally, for oilfield units:

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