Presentation on theme: "Culture in a box An e-twinning Project by students of 8 th Primary School in Maroussi, Greece."— Presentation transcript:
Culture in a box An e-twinning Project by students of 8 th Primary School in Maroussi, Greece
Our country Greece is a country in Southeast Europe. It covers an area of 131.957 square kilometers. Greece's population is about 10.8 million. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of mainland Greece, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km in length, featuring a vast number of islands. The largest city and the capital of Greece is Athens.
Greek language Greek is the official language of Greece. Greek has been spoken since around the late 3rd millennium BC. EnglishGreek Hi!Γεια σας! Good morning!Καλημέρα! Good evening!Καλό απόγευμα! Welcome! (to greet someone)Καλώς ήρθατε! How are you?Πώς είστε; I'm fine, thanks! Είμαι πολύ καλά, ευχαριστώ! I'm very happy! Είμαι πολύ χαρούμενος! What is your name?Πώς σε λένε; Good night!Καληνύχτα! How old are you?Πόσο χρονών είσαι; Good bye!Αντίο!
Flag and emblem The flag of Greece is based on nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white. The cross symbolizes Eastern Orthodox Christianity, the established religion of the Greek people of Greece. According to popular tradition, the nine stripes represent the nine syllables of the phrase "Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος" ("Freedom or Death") which was a phrase from the Greek War of Independence (1821– 1829).
Greek anthem I know you from the cutting edge of the dreadful sword, I know you from the appearance whereby the Earth measures violence. From the bones of deceased of Greeks, the holiest, And as the first valorous let us hail you, oh liberty! The Greek national anthem, is the “Hymn to Liberty” (in Greek: Ύμνος εις την Ελευθερία) The “Hymn to Liberty” is a poem written by Dionysios Solomos and It was set to music by Nikolaos Mantzaros.
How’s the climate? The climate of Greece is mediterranean with summers that are usually hot and dry, and the winters that can be quiet cold and wet. The northern part of Greece can be very cold during the winter and snow is not uncommon. However, for the south of Greece and the islands, the winters will be milder. During the winter much of Greece may have snow, and much snowfall can be expected in the higher mountains of Greece. Athens’ climate chart
Landscapes of Greece Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains or hills, making the country one of the most mountainous in Europe. Mount Olympus, the mythical abode of the Greek Gods, is the highest (2,917 m) and it is a National Park of Greece. Another high mountain is Parnassos (2,457 m), where there is Parnassos ski centre.
Landscapes of Greece Western Greece contains a number of lakes and wetlands and is dominated by the Pindus mountain range. Another National Park of Greece is Vikos-Aoos……… ….. and here is Plastira lake.
Landscapes of Greece Pindos Pinios river Pindos Olive trees Nestos river
Landscapes of Greece Santorini island Zakinthos island Serifos island Sunset at Antiparos island
Famous people of modern Greece George Seferis (1900-1971) was poet and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Odysseas Elytis Seferis (1911- 1996) was poet and was also awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Mikis Theodorakis (1925-now) is a songwriter and a famous composer. Manos Hatzidakis (1925-1994) was a world famous composer.
Famous People in ancient times Homer (7th or 8th centuries BC) was the biggest poet of ancient Greece. He was the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. Sophocles (496-406 BC) was one of three ancient Greek tragedians of greek ancient theater. Plato (428- 347 BC) was a great philosopher. He was student of Socrates (an other philosopher). Aristotle (384-322 BC) was also a philosopher, student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great.
Famous People in ancient times Pericles (495-429 BC) was a Greek general and politician of Athens. Pericles promoted the arts and was his idea to build the monuments of Acropolis (including Parthenon), because the old monuments had destroyed during the greek-persian wars. Alexander the great (356-323 BC) had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world.
What to see in Greece Acropolis’monuments and Parthenon at Athens The Delphic oracle The medieval town of Rhodes island The White Tower of Thessaloniki
What to see in Greece An ancient temple at Aegina island An ancient temple at Sounio, near Athens Ancient Dilos, the sacret island. The archaeological site of Mycenae
What to see in Greece The ancient theater of Epidaurus The ancient Olympia, where the ancient Olympic games took place. Nafplio, the first capital of Greece
What to see in Greece The University of Athens The National Library of Athens The Academy of AthensThe Panathinaiko Stadium of Athens
What to see in Greece Patra, one of the biggest cities of Greece Metsovo, a small town of Pindos Monastiraki, the traditional market of Athens Kavala, a nice city of Northen Greece
What to see in Greece You can swim in our beaches Acropolis Museum at Athens Plaka, the old historical neighborhood of Athens
What to see in Greece And finally, a trip to Aegean Sea
Our products We are very proud about some greek products sush as…… Olive oil from the olive trees….. …....and feta, a cheese traditionally made in Greece. Feta has been a protected designation of origin product (PDO) …….
…..Mastiha from the island of Chios It has been documented from antiquity for its health benefits, its use as the first natural chewing gum and as a cooking spice. Today, it is still chewed as well as used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics. in the culinary world and as a drink. Chios Mastiha is protected by the European Union as a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) product. Our products …..Greek pistachios from Aegina island Can be Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) or Protected Geographical Indication (PGI).
Our products Raisins are produced in many regions of the world and may be eaten raw or used in cooking ……..Raisins from Black Corinth grapes …… and Greek ouzo Ouzo is an aperitif that is widely produced and consumed in Greece. The European Union recognizes ouzo, as well as the Greek drinks tsipouro and tsikoudia, as products with a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO).
Greek traditional food The Greek cuisine is based on Mediterranean diet and is famous around the world for the variety of food. The principal aspects of this diet include proportionally high consumption of olive oil, legumes, unrefined cereals, fruits, and vegetables, moderate to high consumption of fish, moderate consumption of dairy products, moderate wine consumption, and low consumption of meat and meat products.
Greek traditional food Appetizer Dolmadakia are grapevine leaves stuffed with rice and vegetables. Appetizer Tzatziki is used as a dip, made of yogurt with cucumber and melted garlic. Main dish Soutzoukakia are long shaped meatballs with cumin, cinnamon and boiled in tomato sauce.
Greek traditional food Main dish Moussaka is a 3-layer dish made of eggplant, sliced beef meat and white sauce with milk butter and flour (creamy bechamel sauce). Sweet Halva is a semolina pudding that is sweetened with syrup and studded with nuts and raisins.
Recipe for halva Ingredients ½ cup butter 1 cup semolina 1 cup sugar 2 cups water ½ cup almonds/walnuts or pinenuts ½ cup of raisins or currants Grated orange rind ½ teaspoon cinnamon ¼ teaspoon cloves Preparation Melt butter in a heavy based saucepan. Add semolina and stir until golden in colour. This may take a few minutes. Add the spices, nuts, dried fruit and sugar. Pour in the water and stir until the mixture starts to thicken and come away from the sides of the saucepan. Pour into a mould or glass bowl and cover until cool and set. (The steam will help release the cake from the mould) Then turn onto a cake plate and serve
Festivals in Greece Easter is the most important holiday in Greece because most Greeks belong to the Greek Orthodox Church. We are going to church for all the Holy Week before the Easter Day. Athens’ Cathedral Tsoureki is a traditional Easter bread The preparations for the celebration of the Resurrection start on Holy Thursday. On that day housewives traditionally prepare tsoureki and colour eggs with special red dyes.
Festivals in Greece Holy Friday is the most sacred day of the Holy Week, the day of the culmination of the passion of Christ with the deposition from the cross and Christ's burial. Women and children go to church to decorate the Epitaph (Christ’s grave) with flowers. Families and friends meet up for the Easter Day. People clink against one another the red eggs. People’s greeting is «Christ is Risen and Truly is risen». The main dish for this day is the roast lamb. There is a festive atmosphere everywhere and people eat and dance usually until late into the night.
Festivals in Greece Melomakarona are Christmas cookies soaked with a syrup of honey and then sprinkled with crushed walnuts. Christmas is a great religious celebration. In Greece they used to decorate a ship for Christmas. Even the vast majority of Greeks who continue to decorate a Christmas tree, considers it as a foreign custom. The morning of 24th of December and 31th of December the children use to sing carols from door to door. The main Christmas meal is often lamb or pork. Christmas and New Year are celebrated with a lot of sweets. Kourabiedes are cookies made of flour, butter and crushed roasted almonds, dusted with powdered sugar.
Festivals in Greece A Christmas’ship at Lefkada island A Christmas’ship at Thessaloniki Another Christmas’ custom is Vassilopita, a traditional cake made only for the New Year's Day in each house. Inside the cake a lucky coin is hidden and once the cake is cut into pieces by the owner of the house and given to the members and guests on New Year’s Day, the one who will find the coin, will have luck all over the year.