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General Review Geology Water and Atmosphere Human Body Systems.

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Presentation on theme: "General Review Geology Water and Atmosphere Human Body Systems."— Presentation transcript:

1 General Review Geology Water and Atmosphere Human Body Systems

2 Geology Part 1

3 What is Wegener’s hypothesis of continental drift… The continents were once joined together in a single landmass.

4 Where are mid-ocean ridges located? In all of Earth’s oceans

5 What did scientists in a submersible see when they observed the mid- ocean ridge? Rocks formed by the rapid hardening of molten material

6 What is Pangaea? The name of the supercontinent that existed millions of years ago

7 What type of boundary forms when two plates come together? Convergent boundary

8 What type of boundary is formed by two plates slipping past each other, moving in opposite directions? Transform boundary

9 A rift valley is formed at which type of boundary? Divergent boundary

10 What technology did scientists use in the mid-1900’s to map the mid-ocean ridge? sonar

11 What is shearing? Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions

12 What is a fold in rock that bends upward into an arch called? anticline

13 What can cause damage days or months after a large earthquake? aftershock

14 What is a large area of flat land elevated high above sea level called? plateau

15 What is a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume called? stress

16 What is the point beneath Earth’s surface where rock breaks under stress and triggers an earthquake called? focus

17 Which scale would most likely be used to tell how much earthquake damage was done to homes and other buildings? Mercalli scale

18 What is the rating system that estimates the total energy released by an earthquake called? moment magnitude scale

19 /watch?v=mB2pzhWUaiU

20 /watch?v=sA6oZ4YgKCA

21 Water and Atmosphere Part 2

22 On average, a snowfall of 20 centimeters would equal a rainfall of how many centimeters? 2 centimeters

23 Isobars are lines on a map joining places that have the same what? air pressure

24 What are high feathery clouds called? cirrus clouds

25 What kind of weather would a continental tropical air mass that formed over northern Mexico bring to the southwestern United States? hot and dry

26 The collecting of weather data in the last 40 years has improved mostly by what? balloons and satellites

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28 The Human Body Part 3

29 This heart structure prevents blood from flowing backward. valve

30 This causes blood pressure. The force with which the ventricles contract

31 Condition in which artery walls thicken as the result of a buildup of fatty materials. atherosclerosis

32 This system carries messages back and forth between the brain and other parts of the body. nervous system

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35 These three things work together to make your body move. muscles bones nerves

36 This is a structure composed of different kinds of tissue, such as the brain. organ

37 This system breaks down food so the body can use it. digestive system

38 This structure directs the activities of a cell. nucleus

39 This type of body tissue can contract, or shorten. muscle tissue

40 This disrupts homeostasis. long-term stress

41 Chemicals produced by the endocrine system that control both daily activities and long-term changes. hormones

42 Body part where two bones come together. joint

43 These activities can help prevent getting a cold. socializing exercising getting sleep

44 This is the process of nutrients moving into the bloodstream from the digestive system. absorption

45 Transporting oxygen is a function of this system. circulatory system

46 This is the process by which an organism’s internal environment is kept stable in spite of changes in the external environment. homeostasis

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48 Substance that you get from food and that your body needs to carry out processes. nutrient

49 These organs release chemical signals directly into the bloodstream. glands

50 This is what happens to the muscle when bending a joint. contracts

51 Tissues or organs perform more complex jobs. organs

52 This system is where organs join to perform major functions. organ system

53 This is the reaction of the body and mind to a threatening, challenging, or disturbing event. stress

54 This is your body’s reaction to a stimulus. response

55 Three stages of food digestion. breakdown absorption elimination of wastes

56 This is used to see cells in the human body. microscope

57 Disorder where people sense they can taste shapes, hear music in colors, or see a sound when they see motion. synesthesia

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