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Fertilization. Conception. Complications.. 4 Phases of the Menstrual Cycle.

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Presentation on theme: "Fertilization. Conception. Complications.. 4 Phases of the Menstrual Cycle."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fertilization. Conception. Complications.

2 4 Phases of the Menstrual Cycle

3 Phase 1: Menstrual Phase. Shedding of the unused uterine lining from pregnancy/ fertilization not occurring. Flow is typically 5-7 days. After menstruation stops, preparation for reproduction begins again. Phase 2: Post Menstrual Phase. This is a resting stage since endometrium and uterine lining is thin. Low levels of estrogen and progesterone signal the pituitary to send large amounts of FSH to the ovaries that cause the one egg to mature. Phase 3: Intermenstrual phase: Ovaries release a hormone estrogen that causes endometrium to thicken. Matured egg breaks from the sac and leaves the ovary. This is called Ovulation pregnancy can now occur by male sperms cells swim to fallopian tubes. Phase 4: Premenstural phase. Hormones used to thicken walls. If not fertilized shedding occurs and repeat process. From this point on, till about day 26 or 27 the ovum may accept the sperm in introduced to system, resulting in pregnancy.

4 4 Phases of the Menstrual Cycle Name: Hour: Phase 1: ____________ Phase 2: ____________ Phase 3: ____________ Phase 4: ____________

5 STOP HERE!!! Work on book assignment…..

6 Complication Terms: flawedSometimes the system or process of reproduction can be flawed, or not work correctly. conception may not occurWhen this happens conception is more difficult and may not occur.

7 Breast Cancer Abnormal growthAbnormal growth of breast tissue. #2#2 killer among women. Detected by a lump in the breast. MONTHLY!!Self- Exams should be done MONTHLY!!

8 Circumcision: foreskin Circumcision: To cut off the foreskin of the penis. Higher If not done, males have Higher risk and harmful effects of of STD’s, infections, and harder time in the ejaculation process.

9 Video Time! Routine Infant Circumcision

10 lining of the uterusfallopian tubesWhen the endometrium ( lining of the uterus,) backs up into the fallopian tubes instead of being released outside the body. Causes scare tissue and other complications. Endometriosis

11 Hormone that develops many various female characteristics. Estrogen

12 Hernia When part of the intestine protrudes down the canal into the scrotum. pressure intestine abdominal wall. It is caused by increased exterior pressure of the intestine against a weak spot in the abdominal wall.

13 Joey’s Hernia

14 Hysterectomy uterus removed. Surgical procedure in which the uterus is completely removed.

15 Total Total Hysterectomy Surgical removal of the uterus and cervix.

16 Radical Radical Hysterectomy uterus Fallopiantubes. Surgical removal of the uterus, cervix, Ovaries, and Fallopian tubes. EVERYTHING IS TAKEN OUT!!

17 PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome) 7-10days Condition that occurs 7-10days BEFFORE the menstrual period begins. weight gain cravings clumsiness Symptoms include headaches, backaches, weight gain, breast tenderness, water retention, food cravings, fainting, and clumsiness. bleeding. Symptoms generally improved on with the onset of bleeding.


19 Progesterone ovary uterus ovum. A hormone of the ovary that prepares the uterus to receive the fertilized ovum.

20 Prostate Prostate Cancer growth gland. Abnormal cell growth in the prostate gland. It can be slow or fast growing. 1/3 1/3 of all men in their sixties have some slow growing cancerous cells in their prostate.

21 Prostatitis Bacterial infection Bacterial infection of the prostate

22 Prostatotis pain sphincterUndiagnosed penis pain that may be caused by a stressed urinary sphincter, muscle valve, or stress. diet.Sometimes it is aggravated by diet.

23 Testosterone: Male testicles. Male sex hormone made in the testicles. It is responsible for puberty and sperm cell production.

24 tying tubes The tying or binding of the fallopian tubes as a methods of sterilization. Tubal Ligation

25 Uterine or Cervical Cancer abnormal growth of cell in the uterus or cervix. Symptoms include: Abnormal bleeding Vaginal discharge Or the appearance of a tumor. PAP Smear Detected by PAP Smear and treated wit surgery or radiation.

26 Vaginitis vaginal infectionAny vaginal infection or inflammation characterized by a change in vaginal discharge. Examples YeastYeast Infections Monilia Infections

27 Vasectomy MaleMale sterilization operation performed under local anesthesia. vas deferens.It involves cutting the vas deferens. reversedSurgery can be reversed in half the cases.

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