Presentation on theme: " Any substance (or food) that is believed to enhance one’s performance above normal standards The IOC definition: “The administration or use of substances."— Presentation transcript:
Any substance (or food) that is believed to enhance one’s performance above normal standards The IOC definition: “The administration or use of substances in any form alien to the body or of physiological substances in abnormal amounts and with abnormal methods by health persons with the exclusive aim of attaining an artificial and unfair increase in performance in sports”
The use substances is controversial Large amount of athletes Drug testing instituted to help eliminate the use of these substances Use of these substances cannot be condoned! Ethical violations Competition Health problems
Reduce fatigue Increase strength, power, and speed Decrease reaction time Improve body composition Research indicates that there are no beneficial effects Side-effects Tremors, palpitations, headache, restlessness, anxiety, and insomnia Increases in both heart rate and blood pressure Seizures, severe hypertension, arrhythmias, psychosis, hepatitis, stroke, myocardial injury, and intracranial hemorrhage
90% of competitive athletes consume it 60 % consume it for the purpose of enhancing performance. Increased Work output Speed Attention Reduced perceived exertion and fatigue Side-effects Sleep deprivation, nausea, cramping, anxiety, fatigue, headaches, and gastrointestinal instability Muscle tightness, muscle cramping, and dehydration
Narcotics Beta Blockers Diuretics Anabolic steroids Human Growth Hormone Erythropoietin/Blood doping Local Anesthetics Creatine What is the drug? What does it do? How could it help performance? What are side-effects?
Masks pain caused by musculoskeletal injury, Allows them to compete Side-Effects of Narcotics Nausea Vomiting Dizziness Addiction Hypotension Drowsiness Mood disturbances
Reduces Blood pressure, heart rate, muscle tremors and even anxiety Relaxing effect on muscle function Side-effects Severe blood sugar changes and heart failure Interferes with performing strenuous physical activities Nausea Weakness when the heart cannot compensate for the body's demands
Increases the amount you urinate Sports where weight is a concern Dilute presence of drug markers in the urine Side-effects Life-threatening dehydration Loss of sodium, dizziness, headaches, muscle cramps and thirst
Male hormone testosterone Treat conditions that cause a loss of lean muscle mass Help body metabolize proteins Facilitate the development of skeletal muscle Delay fatigue Create a feeling of euphoria Side-effects men infertility, breast development, shrinking of the testicles, male-pattern baldness, severe acne and cysts Side-effects women Deeper voice, excessive growth of body hair, male-pattern baldness, severe acne and cysts Other Effects of Anabolic Steroid Abuse Delayed growth in adolescents, tendon rupture, increased LDL cholesterol, decreased HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart attacks, enlargement of the heart's left ventricle, cancer, jaundice, fluid retention, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, "roid rage" - rage and aggression, mania, delusions
Brain produces and releases growth hormones Development and repair of cells Proposed Benefits Increased synthesis of muscle protein Stimulation of bone growth Increased fat metabolism Decreased body fat Increased blood glucose Enhanced injury healing Side-effects Carpal tunnel syndrome Edema Arthritis Atrophy, or shrinkage, of the pituitary gland
Naturally-occurring hormone Stimulates production of red blood cells
Proposed Benefits Improved oxygen circulation to the muscles and tissues Increased muscle energy production Increased muscle strength and size Increased endurance Reduced muscle recovery time Side-effects Thicken the blood Increases the strain on the heart Increases the risk of blood clots Heart attacks Strokes
Treating inflammation and the pain and discomfort associated with inflammation Possible Benefits Able to play on injury area Less pain Side-effects Hemorrhaging or bleeding Mental functions impaired Allergic reaction Destruction of the cartilage in the joint Nerve damage Weakened and ruptured tendons Thinning of the nearby bone Increased pain and discomfort, as well as a worsening of the underlying condition
non-essential amino acid stored in muscles for energy formed from amino acids and plays a role in converting food into energy kidney disease and kidney failure, water retention, nausea, diarrhea, cramping, muscle pain, and high blood pressure
Name a few things about any of the PED’s that you didn’t know before or that you found interesting. Video Video
The goal of sporting organizations is to protect the health of athletes and to help ensure that competition is fair and equitable. Sports programs should have full-service programs that provide substance abuse education, counseling, and drug-detection. Drug testing should be performed periodically in a random manner.
Athletes, parents, coaches, athletic trainers, physicians, and administrators must be educated about the dangers of drug abuse and the fact that it has no place in sports participation and recreation. Above all, a sports program must adopt the philosophy that “winning at all costs” is wrong. It is essential for athletes to believe that if they do their very best and adhere to the rules of the sport, they will be doing exactly what is expected of them.