Presentation on theme: "Planned Parenthood of Central and Greater Northern New Jersey."— Presentation transcript:
Planned Parenthood of Central and Greater Northern New Jersey
Guidelines Be respectful One person speak at a time Avoid side-conversations Right to pass Ask questions Stay focused Have fun
Planned Parenthood Affordable & Confidential Services: HIV/STI Testing and Treatment Pregnancy Testing Pregnancy Options Counseling Abortion Services Gynecological Exams Birth Control Condoms Health Education
The How, Why, and What of Contraception.
What Does “Birth Control” Mean to You? What should people know about Contraception? What comes to mind when you think about Birth Control?
You live in ancient times. Your STI/Pregnancy Prevention options are: 1. Crocodile dung, mixed into a paste and inserted in the vagina 2. A magical folk belief: rocking & jumping after sexual activity 3. Abstinence 4. Doing nothing to prevent STIs or pregnancy
Things to consider when choosing Birth Control Will you be comfortable using it? Will you remember to use it? Do you know how to use it the right way? Do you know how effective it is? Are you ok with that level pf protection? Will using the method embarrass you or your partner? Can you afford it? Will you enjoy sex with it? Has your doctor said it’s ok for you to use? Does it fit in with your religion/values?
How Pregnancy Happens
Factors for Choosing the Right Method for You! Lifestyle factors How often it is taken Being able to get supplies Being able to get to a doctor or clinic Money Other behaviors (smoking, etc.) Age Relationship status/ communication with Partner
Effectiveness Correct and consistent use is key to effective birth control. Typical vs. Perfect user Technology fails people just as people fail technology. Sometimes even the most perfect user can beat the odds. Using two different methods is more effective than one. Not two Condoms (WHY?) but Condom with other method (pill, patch, ring, etc.) Longer term methods have lower pregnancy rates. IUD, implants, and long term injectable smaller chance of user error.
(And why are there so many to choose from?!)
Different Strokes for Different Folks! There are many categories of contraception Behavior Barrier Hormonal Chemical I.U.C/ I.U.D Permanent
Different Strokes for Different Folks! There are many categories of contraception Behavior Barrier Hormonal Long Acting Permanent
Abstinence What does Abstinence mean to you? Abstaining from sexual intercourse until a goal is met such as marriage, finishing school, etc. Communication is necessary!
Withdrawal Unprotected intercourse in which a man withdraws his penis from the vagina before ejaculation. Provides no protection from STIs.
* Name two methods that protects against both Pregnancy and STI’s?*
Outercourse Outercourse is sexual activity/play that does not lead to vaginal intercourse. These increase risk for STIs. WHY? Outercourse can offer protection against unintended pregnancy as well as STI’s… Some examples of Outercourse???
Talk Around Why would some people not be willing to use behavioral methods as a form of birth control?
BARRIER (prevents the sperm from joining the egg) Female Condom Male Condom The Sponge Diaphragm Cervical Cap Spermicide
Barrier Methods Condoms Male and Female Diaphragm/ Cap Sponge
Male Condoms The male condom is a thin, waterproof sheath which is placed over an erect penis before sex. A condom prevents pregnancy by keeping semen from entering the vagina. They also help in preventing STI.
Fun Facts about Male Condoms A condom should be placed over a fully erect penis.Condoms can’t be reused! Most condoms are made of latex. Condoms made of polyurethane are available for people with latex sensitivity. The effective rate of condoms in couples that use them consistently and correctly is about 98%.
Condoms are affordable and you do not need a prescription. Condoms also offer excellent protection against STI’s. Condoms are useful in preventing the transmission of disease during oral sex. -Flavored Condoms/ Dental Dams Fun Facts about Male Condoms Continued…
Do’s and Don'ts… Condom Style! Don’t lubricate condoms with oils. Oil based lubricants destroy latex!!! Do use water based personal lubricants. Do check the expiration date and condition of the package. Do have more than one condom on hand at a time. Do hold the condom when removing penis after sex is finished. Don’t keep condoms in hot or cold environments. Do keep condoms at the same temperatures that people are comfortable.
The Reasons Condoms Break Improper storage. No room for ejaculate. Air inside the reservoir tip. Wrong kind or not enough lube.
Female Condom The female condom is a polyurethane or latex sheath that fits inside the vagina covering the cervix.
Cervical Cap The cervical cap is a soft latex cup that fits over the cervix. It is used with spermicide. It is smaller than a diaphragm and must be fitted by a health care professional. Can be inserted up to 8 hours before sex and can remain in place no more than 48 hours.
Diaphragm The diaphragm is a shallow latex cup with a springy steel rim that fits over the cervix. Diaphragms must be fitted by a health care provider. All vaginas are the same size, but all cervix's are not. Latex diaphragms are a durable birth control method, usable for up to 10 years.
Vaginal Sponge The sponge is a spongy foam cervical cap that is saturated with spermicide. The foam absorbs semen and the spermicide kills sperm. It is available without prescription and can be bought at the store. After sex the sponge should be left in place for at least 6 hours but no more than 30.
Chemical Methods Spermicide A foam, cream, jelly, suppository or film that contains sperm killing chemicals.
Facts for Use Depending on the product directions spermicide can be inserted in the vagina between 5 and 90 minutes before intercourse. Spermicide improves the effectiveness of barrier methods.
Spermicide Depending on the product directions spermicide can be inserted in the vagina between 5 and 90 minutes before intercourse. Spermicide improves the effectiveness of barrier methods.
HORMONAL (stops the egg from being released – and thicken cervical mucus) The Ring The Patch The Shot The Pill The Implant
Hormonal Birth Control Methods Pill Patch Ring Shot Implants
How Hormonal Methods Work 3 Ways All Hormonal Methods Work They thicken cervical mucus making it harder for the sperm to meet the egg. They send a signal to the ovary saying not to release an egg. If sperm and egg do meet, hormonal methods do not allow the implantation in the uterus to create a pregnancy.
Facts about Hormonal Methods Available by prescription only. Provides no protection against STIs.
The Pill Pill Taken once a day at the same time every day.
Facts about the Pill Must be taken on daily schedule, regardless of sexual activity. Certain Medications can make the pill less effective, so it is important to talk to your doctor.
Possible Benefits of the Pill Preventing Acne, Cancer of the lining of the uterus and ovaries, Ectopic pregnancy, Noncancerous breast growths, Osteoporosis, Ovarian cysts, PMS, Vaginal dryness related to menopause
The Ortho Evra Patch The patch releases synthetic estrogen and progestin to protect against pregnancy for one week. A new patch is placed on the skin of the buttocks, stomach, upper outer arm, or upper torso once a week for three weeks in a row. No patch is used in the fourth week. Period then occurs.
The Ring - Nuva Ring A small, flexible ring that is inserted into the vagina once a month. It is left in place for three weeks and taken out for the remaining week. The ring responds to body heat and releases synthetic estrogen and progestin
Emergency Contraception Also known as “The Morning After Pill”, EC is high doses of birth control hormones. Taken correctly within 3 days after unprotected sex,it reduces the chances of conception by as much as 85%. Within 5 days - 75%. Emergency Contraception is not a controlled substance. Available over the counter in New Jersey for anyone over the age of 17. Available by prescription to those under 17.
Long Acting Reversible Contraceptives (LARC) Depo Shot Implanon I.U.C/I.U.D
Long Acting Reversible Contraceptives (LARC) These methods of birth control provide effective contraception for a long period of time. LARC methods are more effective in preventing pregnancy with typical use. More cost-effective than other methods.
Depo Provera An injectable progestin-only method of reversible birth control. A single Depo Provera shot can prevent pregnancy for 12 weeks. Depo Provera is the shortest acting LARC method. Failure rate is 3 in 1000 with perfect use.
Implanon Implanon is a flexible plastic rod that is inserted under the skin of the inner arm. It is about the size of a matchstick and requires a health care provider to insert it. Contains synthetic progesterone and provides contraception for up to three years.
IUC- Intra Uterine Contraception Implanted birth control device which is inserted in the uterus. May be left in place for 5-12 years depending on the device. The Mirena contain hormones to increase effectiveness. Prevent fertilization by affecting the movement of eggs and sperm and by changing the lining of the uterus.
IUDs prevent fertilization by affecting the movement of eggs and sperm and by changing the lining of the uterus. Some IUDs contain hormones to increase effectiveness. IUDs are % effective as birth control. May be left in place for 5-12 years depending on the device.