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Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 1 of 16 Objectives Describe the functions of the three types of muscles. Explain how you can keep your muscular.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 1 of 16 Objectives Describe the functions of the three types of muscles. Explain how you can keep your muscular."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 1 of 16 Objectives Describe the functions of the three types of muscles. Explain how you can keep your muscular system healthy. Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Define: Atrophy- Hypertrophy- Anabolic Steroids-

2 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Definitions: *Atrophy- A condition in which muscles that cannot contract or are not used often weaken and shrink. *Hypertrophy- An enlargement of the muscle tissue as a result from an increase in size rather than number of muscle cells. *Anabolic Steroids- An artificial form of the male hormone testosterone that is used to increase muscle size and strength. Slide 2 of 16

3 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 3 of 16 Muscles move your eyes as you read. What do your Muscles do? Muscles in your chest allow you to breathe. Muscles in your heart pump your blood. Every time your body moves, muscles are at work.

4 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 4 of 16 3 types of muscles Types of Muscle *Smooth muscle is involuntary muscle that causes movements within your body. *Cardiac muscle is involuntary muscle that is found only in the heart. *Skeletal muscles are the muscles that you control to do activities, such as walk or play a musical instrument. A thick strand of tissue called a tendon attaches a muscle to a bone.

5 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 5 of 16 3 types of muscles Types of Muscle

6 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 6 of 16 Which type of muscle are the following?

7 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 7 of 16 *All muscles do work by contracting, or becoming shorter and thicker. How Muscles Work *Many skeletal muscles work in pairs. *One muscle in the pair contracts to move the bone in one direction. *Then, the other muscle in the pair contracts to move the bone back.

8 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 8 of 16 Muscle Pairs Biceps contracted Biceps relaxed Triceps relaxed Triceps contracted

9 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 9 of 16

10 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 10 of The Muscular System 3) Trapezius 4) Deltoid 5) Pectoralis major 8) Biceps 9) Triceps 10) External oblique 11) Rectus abdominus 12) Quadriceps muscles

11 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 11 of 16 You can maintain a healthy muscular system by regularly participating in different types of exercise. Keeping Healthy

12 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 12 of 16 *Muscular Endurance is the amount of times a muscle can contract without getting tired. Examples: Bench pressing a light amount of weight many times. Hiking the pill boxes. Swimming to flat island. *Muscular Strength is the amount of force a muscle can generate 1 or 2 times. Examples: Bench pressing a heavy weight a few times. Jumping to block a volleyball. Pitching a baseball. Working Your Muscles Other exercises make individual fibers grow, which causes the muscles to thicken and increase in strength. Question: What is this process called?

13 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 13 of 16 Working Your Muscles Other exercises make individual fibers grow, which causes the muscles to thicken and increase in strength. Question: What is this process called?

14 Section 11.2 Your Muscular System Slide 14 of 16 A muscle cramp is a strong, uncontrolled muscle contraction. Preventing Muscle Cramps To relieve a cramp, try stretching and massaging the affected area and exercising the limb gently. Drinking plenty of water before and during exercise can help you avoid muscle cramps.


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