Presentation on theme: "Custards, Creams and Sauces"— Presentation transcript:
1Custards, Creams and Sauces Chapter 14Custards, Creams and Sauces
2Custards Any liquid thickened by coagulation of egg proteins. Consistency depends on:ratio of eggs to liquidwhether whole eggs or just yolks are usedtype of liquid usedCustard can be stirred or baked.
3Stirred Custards Are cooked on top of the stove. They must be stirred throughout to stabilize the eggs and prevent curdling.They can be used as a dessert sauce, incorporated into a complex dessert or eaten alone.Common stirred custards are:Vanilla custard saucePastry creamSabayonCurd fillings
4Baked CustardsBaked custards are liquids thickened by the coagulation of egg proteins, although the thickening occurs in the oven.The container of liquid custard is usually placed in a water bath before cooking to protect the eggs from curdling.
5Types of Baked Custards Texture and flavor depend on quantity and types of ingredients used.Baked custards can be simple egg and milk mixtures such as flan or include other ingredients are suspended in the mixture:CheesecakeRice puddingBread puddingQuiche
6Soufflés There are light, fluffy baked custards. They start with a custard base and are then:often thickened with flourlightened with whipped eggsbakedThe air in the egg whites expands to create light, fluffy texture that causes the mixture to rise.Soufflés will collapse very quickly when removed from the oven.
7CreamsRefers to light, fluffy or creamy textured dessert items made with whipped egg whites, whipped cream or both.Crème Chantilly – whipped, sweetened dairy creamBavarian creams – thicken with gelatinChiffons - thickened with gelatin. Lightened with whipped egg whitesMousses
10Dessert SaucesProvide moisture, flavor, texture and enhance presentation.Vanilla custard, the principal dessert sauce, is made with milk and cream.Other dessert sauces include:Fruit and fruit coulisCaramelButterWineChocolate
11Convenience Products The advantages of these products are: Speed Quality controlReduced labor costsFor most mousses, gelatins or creams, milk or other liquid is added to a powder and then the mixture is whipped until the desired consistency is obtained.Cooking is usually not required although flan, pudding and baked custard mixes may require cooking.